Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey
name = Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey
caption = Florence Merriam, 1904, Portrait from The Condor
birth_date = birth date|1863|8|8|mf=y
birth_place = Locust Grove,
death_date = death date and age|1948|9|22|1863|8|8|mf=y
nationality = USA
Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey (
August 8, 1863- September 22, 1948) was an American ornithologistand nature writer. She was born in Locust Grove, New York. The third child in her family, she was the younger sister of Clinton Hart Merriam.
Life and work
Bailey grew up at her family's estate, "Homewood", which had a lot of space for the study of
natural history. She was encouraged in her interest in nature by her brother as well as her father. Her father was interested in scientific matters and was in correspondence with John Muirafter he had met him at Yosemite in the summer of 1871.Paul H. Oehser, “In Memoriam: Florence Merriam Bailey,” Auk 69(1952): 26. [http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Auk/v069n01/p0019-p0026.pdf] ] Bailey studied at a private school in Utica, New York. From 1882-1886, she studied at Smith College, from which she did not receive degree until she was given an honorary one in 1921. She started observing bird behavior at a time when most bird study was based on collections and skins. By 1885, she began to write articles focusing on protecting birds. It was then custom to wear bird feathers on hats. Bailey was dedicated to telling and showing people about the value of bird life. Finally a bill was passed by Congress making the interstate shipping of birds illegal. This was a first step in stopping the slaughter and decreasing the number of victims, especially among seabirds such as pelicans and grebes. Eventually the laws, changing styles, and continued education stopped the killing of birds for hat decoration and clothing.
Her introduction of a birdwatching field guide, aimed at living birds, is considered the first in the tradition of modern bird guides. She wrote the first of these at the age of 26, initially as a series of notes in the "Audubon Magazine" and later as books. [Barrow, Mark. 1998. A Passion for Birds. Princeton. p. 156-157] In December 1899, she married
Vernon Bailey, a pioneering naturalist who worked with her brother in the United States Bureau of Biological Survey. The naturalist couple traveled widely and they were together responsible for encouraging many youngsters take up studies in natural history.
Bailey became the first woman associate member of the
American Ornithologists' Unionin 1885, its first woman fellow in 1929, and the first woman recipient of its Brewster Medal in 1931, awarded for "Birds of New Mexico". She was a founding member of the Audubon Society of the District of Columbia and frequently led its classes in basic ornithology. Her last major written work was "Among the Birds in the Grand Canyon National Park", published by the National Park Servicein 1939. A subspecies of California Mountain Chickadeewas named " Parus gambeli baileyae" in her honor in 1908.
She died in
Washington, D.C., on September 22 1948.
* "Birds of Village and Field" , cr 1898, pub. Houghton, Mifflin & Co, New York & Boston;
* "Birds Through An Opera Glass" Riverside Library for Young People, pub. Houghton, Mifflin & Co, New York & Boston;
* "My Summer In A Mormon Village" pub. Houghton, Mifflin & Co, New York & Boston;
* "Handbook of Birds of The Western United States" , pub. Houghton, Mifflin & Co, New York & Boston.
*Kofalk, Harriet, "No Woman Tenderfoot: Florence Merriam Bailey, Pioneer Naturalist", 1989,
Texas A&M University PressISBN 0890963789
* [http://www.northnet.org/stlawrenceaauw/bailey.htm biography]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/birdsthroughoper00bailrich Birds through an Opera Glass (1889)]
* [http://www.archive.org/details/birdsofvillagefi00bailrich Birds of village and field: a bird book for beginners (1898)]
* [http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Condor/files/issues/v006n05/p0137-p0137.pdf The Condor, 1904]
NAME= Merriam Bailey, Florence Augusta
SHORT DESCRIPTION=American ornithologist
DATE OF BIRTH=
August 8, 1863
PLACE OF BIRTH= Locust Grove,
DATE OF DEATH=
September 22, 1948
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey — (1904; aus The Condor) Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey (* 8. August 1863 in Locust Grove, New York; † 22. September 1948 in Washington, D.C.) war eine US amerikanische Ornithologin. Ihr älterer Bruder war Clinton Hart Merriam … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bailey, Florence Augusta Merriam — ▪ American ornithologist née Florence Augusta Merriam born Aug. 8, 1863, Locust Grove, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 22, 1948, Washington, D.C. American ornithologist and author of popular field guides. Florence Merriam was a younger… … Universalium
Bailey (surname) — Bailey is an English and Scottish [cite web|url=http://genealogy.about.com/library/surnames/b/bl name BAILEY.htm|title=BAILEY Name Meaning Origin] surname, and may refer to many people.A*Aaron Bailey, fictional character from Full House *Ace… … Wikipedia
Bailey (Familienname) — Bailey ist ein englischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name ist eine alte Form von französisch bailli (engl. bailiff) „Vogt“ oder stammt vom schottischen baillie für ein Mitglied eines Gemeindevorstands ab. Er entspricht damit in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bailey — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bailey peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Patronyme 1.1 Personnages fictifs … Wikipédia en Français
Clinton Hart Merriam — Born December 5, 1855(1855 12 05) New York City … Wikipedia
Louis Agassiz Fuertes — (* 7. Februar 1874 in Ithaca; † 22. August 1927 in Unadilla) war ein US amerikanischer Ornithologe, Illustrator und Künstler. Er starb bei einem Unfall an dem Straßenübergang Potter’s Crossing bei Unadilla. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ausbildung … Deutsch Wikipedia
8. August — Der 8. August ist der 220. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders (der 221. in Schaltjahren), somit bleiben 145 Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage Juli · August · September 1 2 … Deutsch Wikipedia
William-Brewster-Medaille — Die William Brewster Medaille wird jährlich von der American Ornithologists’ Union (A.O.U.) an Autoren oder Co Autoren vergeben, die ein außergewöhnliches Werk über Vögel der Westlichen Hemisphäre publizierten. Die Auszeichnung besteht aus einer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ornithology — This article is about the field of zoology. For the jazz composition, see Ornithology (composition). Part of a series on Zoology … Wikipedia