The Queen Is Dead
The Queen Is Dead Studio album by The Smiths Released 16 June 1986 Recorded Late 1985 ("Winter 1985" according to liner notes) Genre Alternative rock, indie pop Length 37:07 Label Rough Trade Producer Morrissey, Johnny Marr The Smiths chronology Meat Is Murder
The Queen Is Dead
Strangeways, Here We Come
Singles from The Queen Is Dead
The Queen Is Dead is the third studio album by the English alternative rock band The Smiths. It was released on 16 June 1986 in the United Kingdom by Rough Trade Records and released in the United States on 23 June 1986 through Sire Records. The album reached #2 on the UK Albums Chart, maintaining a chart residency for 22 weeks. Across the Alantic, it reached #28 in Canada on the RPM 100 album chart and #70 on the Billboard 200 chart, and was certified Gold by the RIAA in late 1990. It has sold consistently well ever since. The album cover, designed by Morrissey, features Alain Delon from the 1964 film L'Insoumis.
Guitarist Johnny Marr wrote several songs that would later appear on The Queen Is Dead while The Smiths toured Britain in early 1985, working out song arrangements with bassist Andy Rourke and drummer Mike Joyce during soundchecks.
"The Boy with the Thorn in His Side" was, according to Marr, "an effortless piece of music", and was written on tour in the spring of 1985. The song's lyrics refer allegorically to the band's experience of the music industry that failed to appreciate it.:48 In 2003, Morrissey named this as his favourite Smiths song.
A demo of the music for "Some Girls Are Bigger Than Others" was posted by Marr through Morrissey's letterbox in the summer of 1985. Morrissey then completed the song by adding lyrics. Marr has stated that he "preferred the music to the lyrics".:405
"Frankly, Mr. Shankly", "I Know It's Over" and "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" were written by Morrissey and Marr in a "marathon" writing session in the late summer of 1985 at Marr's home in Bowdon, Greater Manchester.:136 The first of these is reputed to have been addressed to Geoff Travis, head of the Smiths' record label Rough Trade. Travis has since described it as "a funny lyric" about "Morrissey's desire to be somewhere else", acknowledging that a line in the song about "bloody awful poetry" was a reference to a poem he had written for Morrissey.:86
"There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" features lyrics drawn from "Lonely Planet Boy" by the New York Dolls. According to Marr: "When we first played it, I thought it was the best song I'd ever heard".:442
The music for "Never Had No One Ever", completed in August 1985, was based on a demo which Marr had recorded in December 1984, itself based on "I Need Somebody" by The Stooges.:281 According to Marr: "The atmosphere of that track pretty much sums up the whole album and what it was like recording it.":282 The lyric to the song reflects Morrissey's feeling unsafe and, being from an immigrant family, not at home on the streets of Manchester.
"The Boy with the Thorn In His Side", "Bigmouth Strikes Again" and "Frankly, Mr. Shankly" were debuted live during a tour of Scotland in September and October,:120-2 during which "The Queen Is Dead" and "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" were soundchecked.:78 "The Queen is Dead" was based on a song Marr began writing as a teenager.:78 "Cemetry Gates" (sic) was a late addition to the album. Marr had not believed that the guitar part was interesting enough to be developed into a song, but Morrissey disagreed when he heard Marr play it.:70
The album was produced by Morrissey and Marr, working predominantly with engineer Stephen Street, who had engineered the band's 1985 album, Meat Is Murder. Street recalled, "Morrissey, Johnny and I had a really good working relationship — we were all roughly the same age and into the same kind of things, so everyone felt quite relaxed in the studio".
At the time the group was having difficulty with its record label Rough Trade. According to Street "but this didn't get in the way of recording because the atmosphere in the studio was very, very constructive."
The first song from the album to be recorded, in July 1985, was "The Boy with the Thorn in His Side". The recording, made with engineer Stephen Street at a small studio in Manchester and initially intended as a demo, was considered by the band to be good enough for release as a single. It went on sale on 16 September 1985 and made number 23 in the UK Singles Chart.:120-1
In August 1985, "Bigmouth Strikes Again" and "Some Girls Are Bigger Than Others" were recorded at RAK Studios in London, along with the B-sides to "The Boy with the Thorn in His Side", "Asleep" and "Rubber Ring".:121 Kirsty MacColl sang a backing vocal for "Bigmouth Strikes Again" but it was considered "really weird" by Marr, and was replaced with a sped-up vocal by Morrissey in the final mix, for which he is credited as Ann Coates on the sleeve of The Queen Is Dead.:32-3 "Some Girls Are Bigger Than Others" includes a false fade near the start, intended by Street to give the impression of a door closing and opening again.:405 During the same session, a first version of "Never Had No-one Ever" was recorded.:337
"Frankly, Mr. Shankly" was an attempt to recreate the "vibe" of Sandie Shaw's "Yesterday's Man", although "it didn't quite work out that way", according to Marr. Linda McCartney was asked to play piano on the track, but declined, and a first take featuring a trumpeter was scrapped. The version originally intended for inclusion on The Queen Is Dead was ruined by a technical glitch on the tape, and so the song was re-recorded with John Porter at Wessex Studios in London.:136
"The Queen Is Dead" was among the last songs to be recorded. Its distinctive tom-tom loop was created by Mike Joyce and Stephen Street using a sampler. A line of guitar feedback was played by Marr through a wah-wah pedal throughout the song.
The Queen Is Dead finally emerged half a year later, in June 1986, and was previewed by the May single release of "Bigmouth Strikes Again", strictly speaking the only single taken from the album. Many encouraged the band to release "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" as a single, but Johnny Marr is said to have wanted an explosive, searing single, along the lines of The Rolling Stones' "Jumpin' Jack Flash", to announce that The Smiths had returned from hiatus. It did not fare as well as expected, stalling at number 26 on the British charts.
The album is popularly regarded as The Smiths' best album. Its mix of jangle pop, British Invasion, music hall, rockabilly and punk rock quickly became a British sensation and established The Smiths as one of the biggest bands of their era. Both Morrissey and Marr disagree, however, citing its 1987 successor (and unexpectedly final Smiths LP), Strangeways, Here We Come, as their peak.
Rolling Stone gave the album a five star rating. Reviewer Mark Coleman remarked on Morrissey's sense of humour and singled out the singer's performance on "Cemetry Gates" as a highlight. Coleman concluded, "Like it or not, this guy's going to be around for a while." Pitchfork Media ranked the album as the sixth best of the 1980s. In 2000, Mojo magazine placed "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" at number 25 on their list of the 100 greatest songs of all time, while VH2 placed it top of their Top 500 Indie Songs chart. In 2003, The Queen Is Dead was ranked number 216 on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. In 2006 it was named the second greatest British album of all time by NME. In 2006, Q magazine placed the album at #3 in its list of "40 Best Albums of the '80s".  UK based Clash (magazine) added 'The Queen Is Dead' to their Classic Album hall of fame in the June 2011 issue saying it "is an album to lose yourself in; it has depth, focus and some great tunes. It’s easy to see why the album is held in such high esteem by Smiths fanatics and why, a decade later, it became a key influence for all things Britpop." 
The song "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out", was a contender for lead single off the album, but was passed over in favour of "Bigmouth Strikes Again". (Later in 1986 it was released as a 7"-only single in France.) It received a belated release in 1992, when it became one of WEA's singles in a programme to promote Smiths re-releases (see the entry on ...Best II).
"Cemetry Gates" was Morrissey's direct response to critics who had cried foul over his use of texts written by some of his favorite authors, notably Shelagh Delaney and Elizabeth Smart. Oscar Wilde, who was also accused of plagiarism, figures as a patron saint of Morrissey's in the song's lyrics. A Wilde quote, "Talent borrows, genius steals", was etched in the vinyl run-out grooves of the first single off the album, "Bigmouth Strikes Again".
"The Queen Is Dead", which leads off the album and notably became an expressionistic music video directed by Derek Jarman, starts with a soundbite from Bryan Forbes' 1962 British film The L-Shaped Room. Another instance of Morrissey's fascination with '60s British cinema, the film featured performances by Pat Phoenix (who had already appeared as a cover star on the 1985 single "Shakespeare's Sister") and Cicely Courtneidge as an elderly lesbian veteran of the music halls. The soundbite is Courtneidge's character nostalgically singing the World War I song "Take Me Back to Dear Old Blighty". The actress had also appeared in a gala performance for Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee called "God Save the Queen", and died in 1980.
A few songs, including "The Queen Is Dead" and "Bigmouth Strikes Again", feature pitch-shifted backing vocals by Morrissey. Morrissey liked to experiment with effects on his voice, so Street ran his voice through a harmoniser for the backing tracks. Street recalled, "At that time, apart from the harmoniser, he didn't go for much backing vocal or harmony work — he's done that more on recent albums — but he did like to experiment". The backing vocals are attributed to "Ann Coates" on the record sleeve (Ancoats is a district in Manchester, just North East of the city centre).
All songs written and composed by Morrissey/Marr, except "Take Me Back to Dear Old Blighty" (used as an intro to "The Queen Is Dead"), written by A.J. Mills, Fred Godfrey and Bennett Scott.
No. Title Length 1. "The Queen Is Dead" 6:24 2. "Frankly, Mr. Shankly" 2:17 3. "I Know It's Over" 5:48 4. "Never Had No One Ever" 3:36 5. "Cemetry Gates" 2:39 6. "Bigmouth Strikes Again" 3:12 7. "The Boy with the Thorn in His Side" 3:15 8. "Vicar in a Tutu" 2:21 9. "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" 4:02 10. "Some Girls Are Bigger Than Others" 3:14
- Morrissey – vocals, backing vocals (credited to "Ann Coates"), co-producer
- Johnny Marr – guitars, harmonium, synthesized string instruments and flute arrangements, co-producer
- Andy Rourke – bass guitar
- Mike Joyce – drums
- Stephen Street – engineer (except "Frankly, Mr. Shankly")
- John Porter – engineer ("Frankly, Mr. Shankly")
Year Chart Position 1986 UK Albums Chart 2
- ^ Music and Archives Canada. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?brws_s=1&file_num=nlc008388.0721&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=labsqi581gups3n7svgvbhmrj1
- ^ Kent, Nick. "Isolation". Mojo Classic: Morrissey and the Story of Manchester. 2006
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Goddard, Simon (2009). Mozipedia: The Encyclopedia of Morrissey and The Smiths. London: Ebury Press.
- ^ Reardon, Ben (July 2003). "Morrissey i-Q". i-D Magazine (London).
- ^ "Royal Succession". Mojo (London). April 2011.
- ^ Owen, Frank (27 September 1986). "Home Thoughts From Abraod". Melody Maker.
- ^ a b c d Rogan, Johnny (1994). The Smiths: The Visual Documentary. London: Omnibus Press.
- ^ a b Aston, Martin (April 2011). "Here Comes the Reign". Mojo (London).
- ^ a b c d e Buskin, Richard. "Classic Tracks: The Smiths 'The Queen Is Dead'". SoundOnSound.com. January 2005. Retrieved on 13 April 2008.
- ^ Coleman, Mark. U2 also thought they were brilliant The Queen Is Dead review. Rolling Stone. 11 September 1986. Retrieved on 10 April 2008.
- ^ Pitchfork: Top 100 Albums of the 1980s
- ^ 216 The Queen Is Dead: Rolling Stone. 1 November 2003. Retrieved on 5 June 2008.
- ^ "NME's best British album of all time revealed". NME. 2006-01-26. http://www.nme.com/news/arctic-monkeys/22062.
- ^ Q August 2006, Issue 241
- ^ Classic Albums: The Smiths - The Queen Is Dead. 8 June 2011. Retrieved on 8 June 2011.
- Weisbard, Eric; Craig Marks (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.
The Smiths Studio albums Extended plays Live albums Compilations Singles"Hand in Glove" · "This Charming Man" · "What Difference Does It Make?" · "Heaven Knows I'm Miserable Now" · "William, It Was Really Nothing" · "How Soon Is Now?" · "Shakespeare's Sister" · "That Joke Isn't Funny Anymore" · "The Boy with the Thorn in His Side" · "Bigmouth Strikes Again" · "Panic" · "Ask" · "Shoplifters of the World Unite" · "Sheila Take a Bow" · "Girlfriend in a Coma" · "I Started Something I Couldn't Finish" · "Last Night I Dreamt That Somebody Loved Me" · "Stop Me If You Think You've Heard This One Before" · "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" · "Sweet and Tender Hooligan" Related articles
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