Longueuil


Longueuil
Longueuil
—  City  —
Ville de Longueuil

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Motto: "Labor et Concordia"  (Latin)
"Work and Harmony"
Location within the Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.
Longueuil is located in Quebec
Longueuil
Location in Quebec, Canada
Coordinates (4250, chemin de la Savane [1]): 45°30′50″N 73°25′54″W / 45.51389°N 73.43167°W / 45.51389; -73.43167
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM or TE Urban agglomeration of Longueuil (TE 58)
Founded 1657 [2]
Electoral Districts
Federal

Saint-Lambert
Saint-Bruno—Saint-Hubert
Longueuil—Pierre-Boucher
Provincial Laporte
Vachon
Marie-Victorin
Taillon
Government[1][3][4]
 – Type City
 – Mayor Caroline St-Hilaire
 – Local government Longueuil City Council
(26 districts)
 – Federal MP(s) Sadia Groguhé (NDP)
Djaouida Sellah (NDP)
Pierre Nantel (NDP)
 – Quebec MNA(s) Nicole Ménard (PLQ)
Camil Bouchard (PQ)
Bernard Drainville (PQ)
Marie Malavoy (PQ)
Area[5]
 – Total 115.59 km2 (44.6 sq mi)
Population (2006)[5]
 – Total 229,330 (Ranked 19th)
 – Density 1,984.0/km2 (5,138.5/sq mi)
 – Change (2001-06) increase1.6%
 – Dwellings 101,746
  Canada 2006 Census
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code(s) J3Y, J3Z, J4G to J4N, J4T, J4V
Area code(s) 450
Access Routes[6]
A-20
A-25
A-30

Route 112
Route 116
Route 132
Route 134
Website www.longueuil.ca

Longueuil (play /lɒŋˈɡɔɪ/; French: [lɔ̃ɡœj]) is a city in the province of Quebec, Canada. It is the seat of the Montérégie administrative region and sits on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River directly across from Montreal. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census totaled 229,330, making it the third largest city in Greater Montreal, the fifth most populous city in Quebec and 19th largest in Canada. The city comprise three boroughs: Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park. Residents of Longueuil are known as Longueuillois.

Contents

History

Seigneurie

Longueuil was founded in 1657 by Charles Le Moyne as a seigneurie. According to Abbé Faillon, Charles Le Moyne, lord of the area starting in 1657, named Longueuil after a village which is today the seat of a canton in the district of Dieppe in his homeland of Normandy. In France, the name is spelled "Longueil" and it is rumored that it was a mistake to spell it "Longueuil".

The seigneurial system ended in 1845 and Longueuil was turned into a parish named Saint-Antoine-de-Longueuil.

Territorial evolution

In 1848, a portion detached from the parish and officially established as the village of Longueuil. This same village became a town in 1874, and then a city in 1920. Musician Paul Pratt notably served as the city's mayor from 1935-1966.

Longueuil's city limits changed for the first time in 1961 when it merged with Montréal-Sud in 1961, and again in 1969 when it merged with Ville Jacques-Cartier. In both cases, Longueuil was the surviving municipality.

On January 1, 2002, the provincial government amalgamated Longueuil with Boucherville, Brossard, Greenfield Park, LeMoyne, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Hubert and Saint-Lambert. As with the 1960s, the name Longueuil was chosen for the new city.

On January 1, 2006, Boucherville, Brossard, Saint-Lambert and Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville demerged from Longueuil and became independent cities once again. As such, the current city of Longueuil now includes only the former cities of Longueuil (1969-2002), Saint-Hubert, Greenfield Park and LeMoyne.

Geography

Longueuil occupies 115.59 square kilometres (44.6 sq mi) of land. The city is bordered by the cities of Saint-Lambert and Brossard to the west, Boucherville to the east, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville to the south and the Saint Lawrence River and Montreal to the north. The city of Longueuil is located approximately 7 kilometres (5 mi) south of Montreal on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Longueuil is located in the Saint Lawrence River valley, and is a vast plain. Areas near the river were originally swamp land with mixed forest, and later prime agricultural land. Agricultural land still exists in the portions of the city furthest from the river.

The city of Longueuil also includes Île Charron, a small island in the Saint Lawrence River, and part of the Boucherville Islands.

Like Montreal, Longueuil is classified as humid continental or hemiboreal (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Longueuil has long winters, lasting from November to March, short springs during April and May, average summers, lasting from June to August, and short falls during September and October.

Cityscape

Longueuil is a residential, commercial and industrial city. It incorporates some features of an inner city, but is essentially a suburb.

Longueuil can be classified as a commuter town as a large portion of its residents commute to work in Montreal. Most buildings are single-family homes constructed in the post-war period. There are three boroughs in Longueuil: Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park.

Boroughs

Vieux Longueuil

Vieux-Longueuil is the borough of Longueuil that correspond to the former city of Longueuil and the former town of LeMoyne.

Saint-Hubert

Saint-Hubert is the second largest borough of Longueuil in terms of population and the largest in terms of area. This borough is almost entirely suburban and residential, although there are still agricultural portions in the south and east.

Greenfield Park

Greenfield Park is primarily a post-war area divided into two sections separated by Taschereau Boulevard. It has the city's highest proportion of Anglophones.

Demographics

Population

Population trend [A][7]

Census Population Change (%)
2006 229,330 increase1.58%
2001 225,761 decrease0.07%
1996 227,408 steady0.0%
1991 226,965 N/A

[A] These figures correspond to the territory of the city of Longueuil following the municipal reorganizations of 2002 and 2006.

According to the 2006 Canadian Census, the City of Longueuil had 229,330 people, an increase of 1.6% over 2001's figure of 225,761. Longueuil occupies 115.59 square kilometres of space, giving the city a population density of 1,984 persons per kilometre squared. There were 101,746 private dwellings, 98,735 of which were occupied by usual residents.

Of the 132,570 workers in Longueuil, the median income was $26,537, which is above Quebec's provincial average of $25,464. Among the 69,990 full time workers, the median income was $37,521 or slightly below the provincial average.[8]

Mother tongue language[9]
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 181,785 80.15%
English 15,400 6.79%
Both English and French 1,795 0.79%
French and a non-official language 1,245 0.55%
English and a non-official language 350 0.15%
English, French and a non-official language 205 0.09%
Spanish 5,315 2.34%
Arabic 3,155 1.39%
Creole 1,980 0.87%
Romanian 1,520 0.67%
Persian 1,455 0.64%
Vietnamese 1,395 0.62%
Portuguese 1,365 0.60%
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,280 0.56%
Italian 1,245 0.55%
Ethnic Origin[10]
Ethnic Origin Population Percent
Canadian 132,210 58.3%
French 68,325 30.1%
Irish 14,115 6.2%
English 8,075 3.6%
Italian 7,870 3.5%
First Nations 6,780 3%
Scottish 6,635 2.9%
Québécois 5,630 2.5%
Haitian 5,140 2.3%
German 4,870 2.1%
Spanish 3,315 1.5%
Chinese 3,080 1.4%
Portuguese 2,590 1.1%
Visible Minorities[11]
Race Population Percentage (%)
White 199,980 88.2%
Black 9,230 4.1%
Latin American 4,580 2%
Arab 3,565 1.6%
Chinese 2,710 1.2%
Southeast Asian 2,340 1%
South Asian 1,610 0.7%
The borough of Greenfield Park in the winter.

Government

Municipal

Longueuil merged on January 1, 2002 with the communities of Boucherville, Brossard, Greenfield Park, LeMoyne, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Hubert, and Saint-Lambert. These cities became boroughs of the Longueuil megacity. Saint-Lambert and LeMoyne combined to become one borough called Saint-Lambert/LeMoyne. The former city of Longueuil was renamed Vieux-Longueuil borough.

The former city hall of Brossard, became the city hall for the new city of Longueuil.

On June 20, 2004, the former boroughs of Boucherville, Brossard, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville and Saint-Lambert voted to demerge from Longueuil to reconstitute themselves as municipalities on January 1, 2006. The rest of the city stayed intact.

The departure of Saint-Lambert from the city Longueuil resulted in the immediate disbanding of the Saint-Lambert/LeMoyne borough. LeMoyne's small population and territory did not allowed it to become a borough of its own. In 2005, the population of LeMoyne was given the choice to pick a new borough between Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park. Vieux-Longueuil ended up being the winner and amalgamated LeMoyne into its borough on January 1, 2006.

Following the demergers, Longueuil relocated its city hall from Brossard to Saint-Hubert, where it is still located.

Since the 2002 municipal mergers, Longueuil has had three mayors. The first mayor was businessman Jacques Olivier who once served as Minister of Labour The second mayor of Longueuil was Claude Gladu, who also happened to be mayor of the former city of Longueuil from 1994 to 2002. The current mayor is Caroline St-Hilaire, a former member of the Canadian House of Commons.

The city's three remaining boroughs are Vieux-Longueuil, Greenfield Park and Saint-Hubert. In total there are 26 city councillors, including one borough mayor each.

Borough Components Population (2006) Borough Mayor City Councillors
Greenfield Park Former city of Greenfield Park 17,458 [12] Mireille Carrière [13] 3
Saint-Hubert Former city of Saint-Hubert 78,715 [14] Stéphane Desjardins [15] 8
Vieux-Longueuil Former cities of Lemoyne and Longueuil 138,179 [16] Michel Desjardins [17] 15
Mayors of the new city of Longueuil (2002-)
Mayor Term Began Term Ended
Jacques Olivier 2002 2005
Claude Gladu 2006 2009
Caroline St-Hilaire 2009 incumbent

Federal and provincial

Federal
Borough Other cities Federal Riding Member of Parliament Political Party
Greenfield Park, Vieux-Longueuil Saint-Lambert Saint-Lambert Sadia Groguhé New Democratic Party
Saint-Hubert Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Saint-Bruno—Saint-Hubert Djaouida Sellah New Democratic Party
Vieux-Longueuil Boucherville Longueuil—Pierre-Boucher Pierre Nantel New Democratic Party
Provincial
Borough Other cities Provincial Riding Member of the National Assembly Political Party
Greenfield Park, Saint-Hubert Saint-Lambert Laporte Nicole Ménard Quebec Liberal Party
Saint-Hubert N/A Vachon Camil Bouchard Parti Québécois
Vieux-Longueuil N/A Marie-Victorin Bernard Drainville Parti Québécois
Vieux-Longueuil N/A Taillon Marie Malavoy Parti Québécois

Longueuil is the seat of the judicial district of Longueuil.[18]


Borough powers

The borough council is responsible for:

  • Fire prevention
  • Removal of household waste and residual materials
  • Funding of community
  • Social and local economic development agencies
  • Planning and management of parks and recreational
  • Cultural and sports facilities, organization of recreational sports and sociocultural activities
  • Maintaining local roads
  • Issuing permits
  • Public consultations for amendments to city planning bylaws
  • Public consultations and dissemination of information to the public
  • Land use planning and borough development.

List of former boroughs

Economy

Taschereau Boulevard is a major commercial artery in Longueuil.

Although a large chunk of Longueuil's work force commute to Montreal, the city nevertheless offers many jobs in a diverse range of industries. Above all, Longueuil benefits from having low property value despite its close proximity to Montreal.

Longueuil is particularly strong in the aerospace industry. It is home to the headquarters of both Pratt & Whitney Canada and Héroux-Devtek, each employing thousands of workers. Also located in Longueuil is the headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency (John H. Chapman Space Center), adjacent to Montréal/Saint-Hubert Airport.[citation needed] Pascan Aviation has its headquarters in Saint-Hubert, Longueuil.[19] Other companies based in Longueuil include Agropur.

In 2008, Canadian Business ranked Longueuil as the 30th best place to do business in Canada.[20]

Culture

Media

Newspapers:

Radio:

Television:

  • Télé Rive-Sud (TVRS)

Sport

Club Sport League Stadium/Arena
Le Collège Français de Longueuil Ice hockey Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League Colisée Jean Béliveau
Longueuil Ducs Baseball Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec Parc Paul-Pratt
Greenfield Park Packers Canadian football Midget AAA Parc Pierre Laporte
St. Hubert Rebelles Canadian football Midget AAA Centre Rosanne-Laflamme
South Shore Monarx Canadian football Quebec Junior Football League Centre Sportif Collège Édouard-Montpetit

Education

Collège Édouard-Montpetit, the only CEGEP in Longueuil

The city of Longueuil is served by several educational institutions. Both the Université de Montréal and Université de Sherbrooke maintain campuses in the Borough of Vieux-Longueuil, and the following CEGEPs are located in Longueuil:


Technical and Professional Colleges
Borough of Vieux-Longueuil

  • Pierre-Dupuy Professional Formation Centre
  • Collège Info-Technique

Secondary schools

Secondary schools in Longueuil
School Borough Sector School Board
Centennial Regional High School Greenfield Park Anglophone Riverside School Board
Collège Charles-LeMoyne Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Private school
Collège Français Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Private school
Collège Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Private school
École secondaire André-Laurendeau Saint-Hubert Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
École secondaire Gérard-Filion Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
École secondaire Internationale St-Edmond Greenfield Park Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
École secondaire Jacques-Rousseau Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
École secondaire Mgr-A.M.-Parent Saint-Hubert Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
École secondaire Participative l'Agora Greenfield Park Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
École secondaire St-Jean-Baptiste Vieux-Longueuil Francophone Commission scolaire Marie-Victorin
Heritage Regional High School Saint-Hubert Anglophone Riverside School Board

Infrastructure

Commuting patterns

According to the 2006 Census, about 39,485 city residents (17.2% of the total population) commute to work in Montreal on a daily basis, while only 38,090 residents (16.6%) work in the city itself. A further 6,915 residents (3.0%) work in Boucherville every day, 4,775 (2.1%) work in Brossard, 2,795 (1.2%) in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, and 1,815 (0.8%) work in Saint-Lambert, the four other constituent cities of the Longueuil agglomeration.

By contrast only 8,845 people commute from Montreal to work in Longueuil every day, while 4,080 people commute from Brossard to work in Longueuil, 2,940 people commute from Boucherville, 2,090 from Sainte-Julie, 1,825 from Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, 1,815 from Chambly, and 1,810 from Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.[21]

Roads

The Saint Lawrence River between the Island of Montreal and the south shore is traversed by only five automobile crossings (the Honoré-Mercier, Champlain, Victoria, and Jacques-Cartier bridges and the Louis-Hippolyte-Lafontaine tunnel), and they are severely congested. (See the list of bridges in Montreal.)

  • Boulevards
    • Taschereau Boulevard
    • Cousineau Boulevard
    • Grande Allée Boulevard
    • Curé Poirier Boulevard
    • Churchill Boulevard
    • Jacques Cartier Boulevard
    • Roland Therrien Boulevard
  • Streets, Roads and Avenues
    • Chambly Road
    • St. Charles Street
    • St. Helene Street
    • St. Laurent Street

Public transportation

An articulated RTL bus in Montreal.

The Réseau de transport de Longueuil (RTL) provides bus service in Longueuil. There are 71 bus routes and 13 shared taxi routes serving 117,804 passengers per day, and 30,970,996 passengers annually.[22] Almost all bus lines of the RTL terminate at the Longueuil Bus Terminus. Many buses terminating at the other main bus terminus, Brossard-Panama, cross the Champlain Bridge to arrive at the Terminus Centre-Ville (AMT) in downtown Montreal (under the 1000 de la Gauchetière office tower, at Bonaventure metro).

The city is also served by the Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke metro station, adjacent to the Longueuil bus terminus. The station connects to downtown Montreal via the yellow line of the metro. The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) runs the Mont-Saint-Hilaire commuter train line also serves the south shore. The only commuter train station in the city of Longueuil is Saint-Hubert Station. Until the mid-1950s, Longueuil was served by interurban streetcars operated by the Montreal and Southern Counties Railway.

Longueuil also has a small airport, Saint-Hubert Airport. It is one of Canada's most important general aviation airports, ranked 12th busiest airport by aircraft movements.[23]

Hospitals

The city is served by two hospitals. The Charles-LeMoyne Hospital in the borough of Greenfield Park is the main hospital for Greenfield Park and Saint-Hubert. The Pierre-Boucher Hospital is the main hospital for the borough of Vieux-Longueuil.

Partner cities

See also


References

  1. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Longueuil
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-LAMBERT (Quebec)
    Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-BRUNO--SAINT-HUBERT (Quebec)
    Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: LONGUEUIL--PIERRE-BOUCHER (Quebec)
  4. ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: LAPORTE
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: VACHON
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: MARIE-VICTORIN
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: TAILLON
  5. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Longueuil, Quebec
  6. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  8. ^ "Income and earnings for Longueuil". Canada 2006 Census. Statitstics Canada. April 30, 2008. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2458227&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Longueuil&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=Income%20and%20earnings&Custom=. Retrieved 2008-05-17. 
  9. ^ "Longueuil, V.". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89202&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=701&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=772944. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  10. ^ Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables: Longueuil
  11. ^ 2006 Community Profiles - Longueuil
  12. ^ Ville de Longueuil - Greenfield Park - Portrait
  13. ^ Ville de Longueuil - Greenfield Park - Vie municipale
  14. ^ Ville de Longueuil - Portrait
  15. ^ Ville de Longueuil - Saint-Hubert - Vie municipale
  16. ^ Ville de Longueuil - Vieux-Longueuil - Portrait
  17. ^ Ville de Longueuil - Vieux-Longueuil - Vie municipale
  18. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  19. ^ "Contact us." Pascan Aviation. Retrieved on December 4, 2010.
  20. ^ "The Best Places to do Business in Canada". Canadian Business. 2008. http://list.canadianbusiness.com/rankings/best-places-to-do-business/2008/Default.aspx?sp2=1&d1=a&sc1=7. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  21. ^ "Longueuil, V (Que.)". Commuting Flow Census Subdivisions: Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work of Census Subdivisions, Flows Greater than or Equal to 20, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2008-04-02. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=97-561-XCB2006011&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=0&IPS=97-561-XCB2006011&METH=0&ORDER=&PID=90656&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&ShowAll=&StartRow=&SUB=&Temporal=2006&Theme=76&VID=&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&S=1&O=D&A=W&PRID=0&GID=2458227. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  22. ^ "Portrait de la clientèle" (in French) (PDF). Statistics. Réseau de transport de Longueuil. December 31, 2008. http://www.rtl-longueuil.qc.ca/images/statistique.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-22. 
  23. ^ - Aircraft Movement Statistics: NAV CANADA Towers and Flight Service Stations: Annual Report 2007
  24. ^ "Lafayette's Sister Cities". City of Lafayette. http://www.lecentre.org/discover_lecentre_english_sister.asp. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 

External links



Coordinates: 45°32′N 73°31′W / 45.533°N 73.517°W / 45.533; -73.517


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Longueuil — [lôŋ gāl′; ] Fr [ lōn gë′y ] [after Charles Le Moyne de Longueuil (1626 85), Fr colonist] city in S Quebec, Canada, on the St. Lawrence: suburb of Montreal: pop. 128,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Longueuil — v. du Québec, sur le Saint Laurent (face à Montréal); 129 870 hab. Constr. aéronautiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Longueuil —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Longueil. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Longueuil (homonymie). Longueuil …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Longueuil — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt besteht hauptsächlich aus Listen, an deren Stelle besser Fließtext stehen sollte. Longueuil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Longueuil — /lawng gayl , long /; Fr. /lawonn gue yeu/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, across from Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 124,320. * * * ▪ Quebec, Canada       city, Montérégie region, southern Quebec province, Canada, on the St. Lawrence River …   Universalium

  • Longueuil — Original name in latin Longueuil Name in other language Long oj, Longej, Longejlo, Longjoj, Longueuil, lang ji er, lwnghwy, lwngwl, rongeru, Лонгеј, Лонгьой, Лонгёй State code CA Continent/City America/Montreal longitude 45.53121 latitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Longueuil — geographical name town Canada in S Quebec E of Montreal population 128,016 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Longueuil — Lon•gueuil [[t]lɔŋˈgeɪl, lɒŋ [/t]] fr. [[t]lɔ̃ˈgœ yə[/t]] n. geg a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, across from Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 129,874 …   From formal English to slang

  • Longueuil — /lawng gayl , long /; Fr. /lawonn gue yeu/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, across from Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 124,320 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Longueuil, Québec — Longueuil Pour les articles homonymes, voir Longueuil (homonymie). Longueuil Panorama urbain de Longueuil …   Wikipédia en Français


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