Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Emden stadtwappen.jpg
lat_deg = 53 |lat_min = 22 |lat_sec = 20
lon_deg = 07 |lon_min = 12 |lon_sec = 24
Bundesland = Niedersachsen
Landkreis = Kreisfreie Stadt
Höhe = 1
Fläche = 112.33
Einwohner = 51692
Stand = 2006-06-30
PLZ = 26721, 26723, 26725
PLZ-alt = 2970
Vorwahl = 04921, 04927 (
Kfz = EMD
Website = [http://www.emden.de www.emden.de]
Bürgermeister = Alwin Brinkmann
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = SPD
Emden is a
cityand seaportin the northwest of Germany, on riverEms. It is the main city of the region of East Frisia; in 2006, the city had a total population of 51,692.
The exact founding date of Emden is unknown, but it has existed at least since the 8th century. Older names for Emden are Amuthon, Embda, Emda, Embden. City rights and the city's coat of arms, the "
Engelke up de Muer" was granted by Emperor Maximilian I in 1495.
Emden was a very rich
cityduring the 17th century, due to large numbers of Dutch immigrants. It was a center of reformed Protestantism at that time, producing the first Bible translationin Dutch. During the Napoleonic French era, Emden and the surrounding lands of East Frisiawere part of the short-lived Kingdom of Holland.
Industrialization started at around 1870, with a paper mill and a somewhat bigger shipyard. At the end of the 19th century, a big canal, the
Dortmund-Ems Canalwas constructed, which connected Emden with the Ruhr area. This made Emden the "seaport of the Ruhr area" - which lasted until the 1970s. Coal from the south was transported to the North Sea port, and imported iron ore was shipped via the canal towards Rhineand Ruhr. The last iron ore freighter was moored in Emdens port in 1986.
In 1903, a big shipyard ("
Nordseewerke", "North Sea Works") was founded which still exists.
The main city was almost completely wiped out during allied bombing raids during the Second World War, destroying nearly all historic buildings. The most severe bombing took place on
September 6, 1944, when roughly 80 percent of all houses in the inner city were destroyed. In the collective memory of the city, this date still plays an important role. Of note is the fact that the shipyard area was largely untouched: The British targeted the civilian areas, which is believed by the locals to have been revenge for a bombing of an English city by the Nazis. The reconstructed town was opened on 6 September 1962, exactly 18 years after the bombing.
The main industries in Emden are automobile production and shipbuilding.
Volkswagenruns a large factory building the VW Passatcar, where around 10,000 people are employed. Also, Emden is one of the three main ports for car transportation in Europe (together with Zeebrugge in Belgium and Bremerhaven in Germany). In 2005, more than 850,000 cars were imported and exported. The "Nordseewerke" shipyard, a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp, employs around 1,400 dockers and is specialized in conventional submarines. Furthermore, it produces different kinds of cargo ships as well as ships for special purposes such as icebreakers, dredgers and the like.
Another important economic factor is touristics, mainly as a day trip target for the tourists in the surrounding villages on the North Sea coastline.
In 1973, a university of applied sciences ("Fachhochschule") was opened. At present, around 3500 students are enrolled, most of them in technical degrees.
The highest playing soccer club is BSV Kickers Emden in the Third German League. The club was founded by Gustav Pluennecke & friends. The capacity of the stadium is 7,200, due to safety objections of the German Soccer Association. In 1994, some 12,000 spectators followed a match against the reserves squad of
Hamburger SV, which still is the record. In that season, Kickers Emden became the champion of the 3rd League, but failed to be promoted to the Second League since the team lost the promotion round.
Since Emden is not only located close to the North Sea, but also to the river Ems and various small rivers and canals, boat sports is very popular among the inhabitants and tourists.
Famous people from Emden
hips and others named after the city
Three German light
cruisers were named after the city, two of which served in World War Iand the third in World War II. Today, the fifth Navy ship named after the city is in service.
During her commerce raiding in the Indian Ocean in early World War I, SMS|Emden|1906|6 sailed into the
Bay of Bengalon India's eastern coast and fired two cannon shots at Fort St. Georgelocated on the sea front of Chennai(formerly Madras); there were no casualties. The ship then sailed down the east coast of Sri Lanka(formerly Ceylon). A Boerwildlife official, H.H. Engelbrecht, was jailed after being falsely accused of having supplied meat to the cruiser [http://padayatra.org/yala.htm] . SMS "Emden" also sank a Russian cruiser in Penangharbour in Malaya. On November 9 1914, during a raid on the Cocos Islands to destroy a British telegraph station, "Emden" was trapped and destroyed by the HMAS|Sydney|1912|6.
The current German Navy frigate "Emden" was built in 1980, and went into service in 1983. It was the first of the five ships named after the city to also actually be built there (at "Nordseewerke" shipyards).
To this day in some parts of south India, a particularly daring and capable person is referred to in the vernacular as "Emden". In Sri Lanka, "Emden" is the
bogeymanwith which mothers scare their children and is used to refer to a particularly obnoxious person.
Emden (upper left) is near the
North Sea, west of Hamburg, northwest of Bremenand Hannover.]
The leader of Sri Lanka's
United National Party, Ranil Wickremasinghe, is nicknamed "Emden" after a puppet of him bore that name in a Television series, " Always Breakdown".
A deep sea spot in the Pacific Ocean close to the Philippines is named after the "second" SMS|Emden|1915|2 ship, and is therefore called "Emdentief" in German. The spot (10,400 m deep) was sounded in the 1920s (in 1920, 1923 or 1928 - sources vary).
In addition, the village of
Emden, Illinoisin the United Stateswas named after Emden [http://www.emdenil.com/] due to the large number of emigrants from Emden to the village in northwestern Logan County, Illinois.
London Borough of Hillingdon, England
* [http://www.emden.de/ City homepage]
* [http://www.kunsthalle-emden.de/ Kunsthalle Emden]
* [http://www.jalb.de/ Johannes a Lasco Library]
* [http://www.emden.tk/ Emden]
* [http://www.bsv-kickers-emden.de Kickers Emden]
* [http://www.koenigsspringer-emden.de/ Chess]
* [http://www.fregatte-emden.de/ Cruisers EMDEN, Frigates EMDEN - 5 warships named EMDEN until today (German language only)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Emden — Emden … Wikipédia en Français
EMDEN — EMDEN, city in Germany. The first authentic reference to Jews in Emden dates from the first half of the 16th century. david gans mentions Jews of Emden in his Ẓemaḥ David. A Jewish cemetery is mentioned in 1586. In 1590 the citizens of Emden… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Emden — Emden, Stadt (Stadtkreis) im preuß. Regbez. Aurich (Ostfriesland), liegt 3,8 km von der Ems, die in frühern Zeiten unmittelbar an den Stadtmauern vorüberfloß, jetzt aber durch einen Außenhafen (zugleich Freihafen) von 1400 m Länge, 120 m Breite… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Emden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emden Escudo … Wikipedia Español
emden — ÉMDEN s.n. Rasă de gâşte de culoare albă, de 7 10 kg. – cuv. germ. Trimis de baron, 12.01.2003. Sursa: DEX 98 Émden s. pr. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic ÉMDEN s. n. rasă de gâşte cu culoare albă … Dicționar Român
Emden — Emden, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 515 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Emden, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 515 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.225988 sq. miles (0.585306 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Emden — Emden, 1) Amt in der Landdrostei Aurich des Fürstenthums Ostfriesland (Hannover); 4 QM., 20,000 Ew.; 2) (früher Embden), Handelsstadt, größte Stadt Ostfrieslands mit 13,000 Ew., Ausgangspunkt der ostfriesischen Eisenbahn, lag früher an der Ems,… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Emden — Emden, Stadtkreis im preuß. Reg. Bez. Aurich, 4 km von der Ems, am Ems Jade und Dortmund Ems Kanal, (1900) 16.453 E., Amtsgericht, See , Seemannsamt, Reichsbankstelle, Handelskammer, Gymnasium, Navigationsschule, Taubstummenanstalt, staatlicher… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Emden — Emden, Embden, hannovr. Stadt an der Mündung der Ems in den Dollart, besteht aus der Altstadt, Faldern, Boltenhors u. Neuenthorsvorstadt, ist von Kanälen durchschnitten, über welche 30 Brücken führen, hat 13000 E., Navigationsschule, Börse,… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon