CEGEP ( // say-zhep or // see-jep; French: Cégep; also CÉGEP, Cegep or Cégep) is an acronym for Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel, which is literally translated as "College of General and Vocational Education" but commonly called "General and Vocational College" in circles not influenced by Quebec English. It refers to the public post-secondary education collegiate institutions exclusive to the education system in the province of Quebec in Canada. It is a loanword from Quebec French.
Although all colleges in Quebec are colloquially referred to as CEGEPs, only public colleges are officially referred to by that name. Both public (CEGEPs) and private colleges have the same function in Quebec. Although they may occasionally be compared to junior colleges, CEGEPs differ in that a Diplôme d'études collégiales (DEC, College Education Diploma) is required for university admission in Quebec unless a student enters as a mature student which typically means a minimum age of 21 with other requirements. Pre-university programs are typically two years in duration, which explains why secondary school and undergraduate degrees are both one year shorter in Quebec relative to elsewhere in Canada. A student in Quebec cannot enter university with a secondary diploma from Quebec alone.
The purpose of a separate collegiate education level is to make post-secondary education more accessible in Quebec, as well as to provide proper academic preparation for university. There are both public subsidized and private colleges, with the public CEGEPs having little or no tuition fee. The CEGEP system was started in 1967 by the Quebec provincial government and originally consisted of 12 CEGEPs. Today, 48 CEGEPs exist in Quebec, of which 5 are English language-medium. There are also 50 private colleges, including 6 English-medium colleges. Today, there are some Centre d'études collégiales, a small public post-secondary education college very similar to a CEGEP. They are often a campus of another CÉGEP, like the Centre d'études collégiales à Chibougamau, part of the Cégep de Saint-Félicien.
Students in Quebec who intend to pursue post-secondary education must attend a college before enrolling in a Quebec university. Students who follow a general studies program in Quebec complete six years of primary school (grades 1 through 6), followed by five years of secondary school (grades 7 through 11, or Secondaire I to V in French). Quebec students complete one grade fewer in total than all other Canadian students before beginning post-secondary studies, ending high school in grade 11 instead of grade 12. Colleges then prepare students for university or to enter a technical profession. Most Quebec undergraduate programs are three years in length for Quebec students; hence, the total number of years of study from primary school through a Bachelor's degree is the same as in the rest of North America. It is also possible to attend a university after obtaining a technical college diploma, as they are usually treated by universities in the same manner as 2-year college diplomas.
Students wishing to continue their university education outside Quebec must take one year of courses to fulfill the requirements of the institution to which they are applying. For example, students wishing to attend an Ontario university may complete one year of college and apply as a regular applicant who has completed grade 12 in Ontario. Additionally, students who have a DEC from a Quebec college may apply for admission with one year of advanced standing to institutions outside Quebec, as some advanced courses at the college level may be assessed as equivalent to introductory courses at university.
Another option for Quebec students leaving the province is to skip the Quebec college level entirely and attend a non-Quebec college. A popular choice among anglophone Quebec students is Algonquin College in Ottawa, mainly because it simplifies admission to universities outside Quebec (particularly the University of Ottawa) and only one year of study is required (as opposed to the minimum of two in Quebec) to bring them to the same level as other Canadian students.
Most, but not all colleges offer two types of programs: pre-university and technical. The pre-university programs take two years to complete, whereas the technical programs take three. These programs share a core curriculum, consisting of French, English, Humanities, Physical Education and complementary courses (elective courses unrelated to the program of study).
A pre-university program covers the subject matter that roughly corresponds to the additional year of high school given elsewhere in Canada in preparation for a chosen field in university (Sciences, Humanities, Commerce or Arts). Upon the completion of studies, the provincial government issues a Diploma of Collegial Studies (DCS), or DÉC (Diplôme d'études collégiales). Students may then complete certain undergraduate programs at a Quebec university in only 3 years, as opposed to 4 years outside Quebec. Students with a DEC who choose to attend university in another province in Canada or outside the country are then eligible to either skip the first year and enter university as a second year student, or gain advanced standing or extra credit for their first year. The amount of accepted extra credit is at the discretion of each university. However, the college system is generally a disadvantage for Quebec students wishing to enter an undergraduate program outside the province. In practice, most universities do accept Quebec college credits, but only up to one year, given the difference in structure of education systems between Quebec and the rest of the provinces.
Quebec colleges also offer three-year technical programs for students who wish to pursue a skilled trade. Unlike the pre-university programs, they are not preparation for university, although this does not prevent a student from attending a university afterwards. The technical programs also lead to a DEC. Examples of such technical programs are Industrial Electronics, Architectural Technology, Nursing, Building Engineering Technology, Computer Science, and Theatre. Though those programs can also lead to the university, they are geared towards immediate employment.
Adult continuing education programs are also offered at colleges. Many of those programs lead to an Attestation of Collegial Studies, or "AÉC" (Attestation d'études collégiales), which is similar to a DEC but does not include the core curriculum.
In addition, the majority of the province's 31 "Technology Transfer Centres" have been established by CEGEPs. At these centres, applied research is carried out in a specific field in cooperation with industrial partners.
- College (Quebec)
- Education in Quebec
- List of colleges in Quebec
- R score
- Higher education in Quebec
- Centre de documentation collégiale
- ^ http://www.mels.gouv.qc.ca/scolaire/educqc/systemeScolaire/index.asp?page=collegial
- ^ a b Youth Encyclopedia of Canada. "CEGEP". Education: Colleges & Universities. Historica Foundation of Canada. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=J1ARTJ0001472. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- ^ "List of public CEGEPs" (in French). Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport. https://jpd01.meq.gouv.qc.ca/gdunojrecherche/rechercheOrganisme.do?methode=afficherResultat. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- ^ "List of public English language CEGEPs" (in French). Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport. https://jpd01.meq.gouv.qc.ca/gdunojrecherche/rechercheOrganisme.do?methode=afficherResultat. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- ^ "List of private colleges" (in French). Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport. https://jpd01.meq.gouv.qc.ca/gdunojrecherche/rechercheOrganisme.do?methode=afficherResultat. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- ^ "List of private English language colleges" (in French). Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport. https://jpd01.meq.gouv.qc.ca/gdunojrecherche/rechercheOrganisme.do?methode=afficherResultat. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- http://www.collegework.ca - RSS feed of CEGEP and Community College jobs in Canada
Post-Secondary Institutions in Quebec College Level
(Pre-University)Government CollegesCollège militaire royal de Saint-Jean · Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal · Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Québec · Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Saguenay · Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Trois-Rivières · Institut de technologie agroalimentaire · Institut de tourisme et d'hôtellerie du Québec · Macdonald CollegePublic Colleges
(Cégeps)Cégep de l'Abitibi-Témiscamingue · Cégep André-Laurendeau · Cégep Beauce-Appalaches · Collège de Bois-de-Boulogne · Cégep de Baie-Comeau · Cégep de l'Outaouais · Cégep de Lévis-Lauzon · Cégep de Saint-Jérôme · Cégep de Rimouski · Cégep de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu · Cégep de Sherbrooke · Cégep de Victoriaville · Champlain College Lennoxville · Champlain College Saint-Lambert · Champlain College St. Lawrence · Dawson College · Cégep de Drummondville · Collège François-Xavier-Garneau · Cégep de Granby-Haute-Yamaska · Collège Édouard-Montpetit · Cégep de la Gaspésie et des Îles · Heritage College (Gatineau) · Cégep de La Pocatière · Cégep Limoilou · Collège Ahuntsic · Collège d'Alma · Collège de Maisonneuve · John Abbott College · Cégep de Matane · Collège Montmorency · Cégep de Sorel-Tracy · Cégep régional de Lanaudière · Cégep de Saint-Félicien · Cégep de Sainte-Foy · Cégep de Saint-Hyacinthe · Cégep de Saint-Laurent · Cégep de Sept-Îles · Cégep de Thetford · Vanier College · Cégep du Vieux Montréal · Cégep de Rivière-du-Loup ·Private CollegesAcadémie de l'entrepreneurship Québécois · Academy of Arts and Design · Les Ateliers de danse moderne de Montréal · Centre de formation des métiers ferroviaires · Collège Antoine-Girouard · Collège April-Fortier · Collège de l'Estrie · CDI College · Herzing College · Collège de l'immobilier du Québec · Collège Ellis · Collège André-Grasset · Collège Bart · Centennial College · Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf · Collège Laflèche · LaSalle College · Marianopolis College · Collège International Marie de France · Collège Mérici · Collège Mother House · Collège International des Marcellines · Conservatoire Lasalle · O'Sullivan College of Montreal · Collège O'Sullivan de Québec · Collège Sainte-Anne de Lachine · Collège préuniversitaire Nouvelles Frontières · Collège Stanislas · École commerciale du Cap · École de musique Vincent d'Indy · National Circus School · Teccart Institute · Le Petit Séminaire de Québec, campus de l'Outaouais · Séminaire de Sherbrooke · École de sténographie judiciaire Collège Marsan · Collège Info-Technique · Inter-Dec College · Collège MultiHexa · Collège La Cabriole · Collège d'enseignement en immobilier · Collège radio télévision de Québec · Collège Salette · Montreal Technical College · École de danse de Québec · École nationale de l'humour · National Theatre School of Canada · École du show-business · Recording Arts Canada · Institut de création artistique et de recherche en infographie · Institut supérieur d'informatique · Institut supérieur de design de mode · Trebas Institute · Musitechnic services éducatifs · Montreal College of Management and Technology
University LevelOther Universities
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cégep — [ seʒɛp ] n. m. • 1965; acronyme ♦ Au Québec, Collège d enseignement général et professionnel, situé entre le secondaire et l université (⇒ collégial). Cégep offrant l ensemble des options professionnelles. Cégeps régionaux à plusieurs campus. ●… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Cegep — Ein Cégep (Collège d enseignement général et professionnel) ist in Québec (Kanada) eine Bildungseinrichtung, in der technische und voruniversitäre Ausbildung stattfindet. Als Zertifikat erhält man nach Abschluss ein Diplôme d études collégiales… … Deutsch Wikipedia
CEGEP — Collège d enseignement général et professionnel Voir « cégep » sur le Wiktion … Wikipédia en Français
Cegep de Sherbrooke — Cégep de Sherbrooke Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sherbrooke (homonymie). 45° 24′ 36″ N 71° 53′ 06 … Wikipédia en Français
Cégep de Saint-Hyacinthe — s Official Logo Established June 1968 Type College of General and Vocational Education Director Roger Sylv … Wikipedia
Cégep de Saint-Laurent — Motto Une institution qui a une âme (french) Motto in English An institution with a soul Established 1847 … Wikipedia
Cégep de Matane — Motto Partagez nos passions! Motto in English Share our passions! Type public CEGEP … Wikipedia
Cégep du Vieux Montréal — Established 1968 Type public CEGEP Religious affiliation non denominational … Wikipedia
Cégep de La Pocatière — Motto Viens changer d’air Motto in English Come for a change of air Established 1967 … Wikipedia
Cégep de Granby Haute-Yamaska — Established 1968 Type public CEGEP Religious affiliation non denominational Students 1800 Undergraduates pre university students; technical … Wikipedia