List of Uniform Acts (United States)


List of Uniform Acts (United States)

In the United States, a Uniform Act or "Uniform Law" is a proposed state law drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL).

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Drafting of uniform acts

In the United States, a Uniform Act or "Uniform Law" is a proposed state law drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL). The NCCUSL is a body of lawyers, both private practitioners and government attorneys; judges, both state and federal; and law professors, typically appointed by the governor of each state. NCCUSL drafts laws on a variety of subjects and propose them for enactment by each state, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. NCCUSL was established in 1892. The NCCUSL does not have any legislative power itself; uniform acts become laws only to the extent they are enacted into law by state legislatures.

Among the most influential uniform acts are the Uniform Commercial Code, Uniform Probate Code, Uniform Trust Code, Uniform Partnership Act, Uniform Limited Liability Company Act, Uniform Transfers to Minors Act, Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act, Uniform Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Act, Uniform Controlled Substances Act, Uniform Arbitration Act, Uniform Environmental Covenants Act, Uniform Conservation Easements Act, Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act, Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act, and Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. However, there are well over 100 uniform acts. NCCUSL periodically updates these acts. Recent examples include the Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act, Revised Uniform Arbitration Act, Revised Uniform Partnership Act, Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act, and the Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act. The NCCUSL website should be consulted for the latest uniform acts or revisions thereof.

The need for Uniform Acts results in large part from the inherent nature of the American federal system. The United States Congress lacks authority under the U.S. Constitution to directly legislate in many areas, because all powers not explicitly granted to the federal government are reserved to state governments under the Tenth Amendment. At the same time, there is a desire to have laws across the states that are as similar as practicable. The widespread enactment of uniform state laws have reduced the preemption of state law by federal legislation.

*Uniform Act to Secure the Attendance of Witnesses from Without a State in Criminal Proceedings (1936)
*Uniform Adoption Act (1994)
*Uniform Alcoholism and Intoxication Treatment Act (1971)
*Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (1987)
*Uniform Arbitration Act (2000)
*Uniform Athlete Agents Act (2000)
*Uniform Certification of Questions of Law Act (1995)
*Uniform Child Abduction Prevention Act (2006)
*Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (1968)
*Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (1997)
*Uniform Commercial Code (2001)
*Uniform Common Interest Ownership Act (1982) (1994)
*Uniform Common Trust Fund Act (1938) (1952)
*Uniform Comparative Fault Act (1977) (1979)
*Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (proposed, 1999; withdrawn, 2002)
*Uniform Condominium Act (1977) (1980)
*Uniform Conflict of Laws—Limitations Act (1982)
*Uniform Conservation Easement Act (1981)
*Uniform Construction Lien Act (1987)
*Uniform Consumer Credit Code (1968) (1974)
*Uniform Consumer Leases (2001)
*Uniform Controlled Substances Act (1990) (1994)
*Uniform Correction or Clarification of Defamation Act (1993)
*Uniform Custodial Trust Act (1987)
*Uniform Deceptive Trade Practices Act (1964) (1966)
*Uniform Declaratory Judgments Act (1922)
*Uniform Determination of Death Act (1978) (1980)
*Uniform Disclaimer of Property Interests Act (1999)
*Uniform Disclaimer of Transfers by Will, Intestacy or Appointment Act (1978)
*Uniform Disposition of Community Property Rights at Death Act (1971)
*Uniform Division of Income for Tax Purposes Act (1957)
*Uniform Dormant Mineral Interests Act (1986)
*Uniform Durable Power of Attorney Act (1979) (1987)
*Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (1999)
*Uniform Employment Termination Act (1991)
*Uniform Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Act (1964)
*Uniform Environmental Covenants Act
*Uniform Estate Tax Apportionment Act (1958) (1982)
*Uniform Exemptions Act (1976) (1979)
*Uniform Extradition and Rendition Act (1980)
*Uniform Federal Lien Registration Act (1978) (1982)
*Uniform Fiduciaries Act (1922)
*Uniform Foreign Money Claims Act (1989)
*Uniform Foreign Money Judgments Recognition Act (1962)
*Uniform Franchise and Business Opportunities Act (1987)
*Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act (1984)
*Uniform Gifts to Minors Act
*Uniform Guardianship and Protective Proceedings Act (1997)
*Uniform Health-Care Decisions Act (1993)
*Uniform Health-Care Information Act (1985)
*Uniform International Wills Act (1977)
*Uniform Interstate Arbitration of Death Taxes Act (1943)
*Uniform Interstate Compromise of Death Taxes Act (1943)
*Uniform Interstate Enforcement of Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act (2000)
*Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (1992) (1996) (2001)
*Uniform Intestacy, Wills, and Donative Transfers Act (1991) (1993)
*Uniform Land Security Interest Act (1985)
*Uniform Land Transactions Act (1975)
*Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (1996)
*Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001)
*Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act (1972)
*Uniform Management of Public Employee Retirement Systems Act (1997)
*Uniform Mandatory Disposition of Detainers Act (1958)
*Uniform Marital Property Act (1983)
*Uniform Marketable Title Act (1990)
*Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act (1970) (1973)
*Uniform Mediation Act (2001)
*Uniform Money Services Act (2000)
*Uniform Multiple-Person Accounts Act (1969) (1989)
*Uniform Nonprobate Transfers On Death (1989)
*Uniform Notarial Acts (1982)
*Uniform Parentage Act (1973) (2000)
*Uniform Partnership Act (1994) (1997)
*Uniform Periodic Payment of Judgments Act (1990)
*Uniform Photographic Copies As Evidence Act (1949)
*Uniform Planned Community Act (1980)
*Uniform Post-Conviction Procedure Act (1980)
*Uniform Premarital Agreement Act (1983)
*Uniform Pretrial Detention Act (1989)
*Uniform Principal and Income Act (1997) (2001)
*Uniform Probate Code (1969) (1975) (1982) (1987) (1989) (1990) (1991) (1997)
*Uniform Probate Code Vi (1989) (1998)
*Uniform Prudent Investor Act (1994)
*Uniform Punitive Damages Act (1996)
*Uniform Putative and Unknown Fathers Act (1988)
*Uniform Real Estate Cooperative Act (1981)
*Uniform Real Estate Time-Share Act (1980) (1982)
*Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act (1968)
*Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (1972)
*Uniform Rights of the Terminally Ill Act (1989)
*Uniform Rules of Criminal Procedure (1974) (1987)
*Uniform Rules of Evidence Act (2005)
*Uniform Securities Act (1956) (1985) (amended 1988) (2002)
*Uniform Simultaneous Death Act (1940) (1993)
*Uniform State Administrative Procedure Act (1981)
*Uniform Status of Children of Assisted Conception Act (1988)
*Uniform Statute and Rule Construction Act (1995)
*Uniform Statutory Form Power of Attorney Act (1988)
*Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities (1986) (1990)
*Uniform Supervision of Trustees for Charitable Purposes Act (1954)
*Uniform Surface Use and Mineral Development Accommodation Act (1990)
*Uniform Tod Security Registration Act (1989)
*Uniform Testamentary Additions to Trusts Act (1960) (1991)
*Uniform Trade Secrets Act (1979) (1985)
*Uniform Transboundary Pollution Reciprocal Access Act (1982)
*Uniform Transfer of Litigation Act (1991)
*Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (1983) (1986)
*Uniform Transfers Under Nontestamentary Instruments Act (1978)
*Uniform Trust Code (2000)
*Uniform Trustees’ Powers Act (1964)
*Uniform Unclaimed Property Act (1995)
*Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act (1992) (1996)
*Uniform Victims of Crime Act (1992)

Non-NCCUSL model laws

Model Penal Code

The Model Penal Code, which seeks to harmonize state criminal law statutes, is in effect a uniform act but it was developed by the American Law Institute and not the NCCUSL.

Other model laws

The Uniform Auction and Auctioneer Licensing Act [ [http://www.auctioneers.org/core/contentmanager/uploads/PDFs/OfficialNAA/NAA-License-Law-2006.pdf NAA ] ] (2006) is a sample law, proposed by the National Auctioneers Association, intended to be used by states as a template when drafting their own legislation governing auctions and auctioneers. [ [http://www.auctioneers.org/web/2007/07/naa_drafts_sample_auction_licens_1.aspx NAA | NAA Drafts Sample Auction License Law and Encourages Adoption by State Legislatures ] ]

Other notable non-NCCUSL model laws include the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act, the Model Business Corporation Act, and the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration.

References

External links

* [http://www.nccusl.org/nccusl/DesktopDefault.aspx The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws]
* [http://www.nccusl.org/Update/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabindex=0&tabid=65 NCCUSL's List of Uniform Acts]


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