Battle of Jemappes


Battle of Jemappes

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Jemappes
partof=the French Revolutionary Wars


caption=
date=November 6, 1792
place=near Jemappes Belgium
result=French victory
combatant1=flagicon|France France
combatant2=flagicon|Holy Roman Empire Austria
commander1=Charles François Dumouriez
commander2=Albert of Saxe-Teschen
François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt
strength1=43,000
strength2=13,796
casualties1=1,950
casualties2=1,241
The Battle of Jemappes (November 6, 1792) took place near the town of Jemappes in Hainaut, Belgium, near Mons. Charles François Dumouriez, in command of the French Revolutionary Army, defeated the greatly outnumbered Austrian army under the command of Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen and of François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt.

Dumouriez, intent on invading the Austrian Netherlands, advanced late in the season and attacked the Austrians with greatly superior forces. Jemappes was won by costly but effective charges against the Austrian's prepared position. Dumouriez overran the Austrian Netherlands within a month, but lost it at the Battle of Neerwinden in March. The French would not reconquer the Austrian Netherlands until the summer of 1794.

For a description of the battle and the tactics used by the French, see John A. Lynn, "The Bayonets of the Republic: Motivation and Tactics in the Army of Revolutionary France, 1791-94" (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996).

References

*Pope, Stephen. "The Cassell Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars", Cassell (1999)


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