Jan Tinbergen

Infobox Scientist
name = Jan Tinbergen

image_size = 180px
birth_date = birth date|1903|4|12|mf=y
birth_place = The Hague
death_date = death date and age|1994|6|9|1903|4|12|mf=y
death_place = The Hague
nationality = Netherlands
field = Economics
work_institution = Erasmus University
alma_mater = Leiden University
doctoral_advisor = Paul Ehrenfest
doctoral_students = Tjalling Koopmans
known_for = First national macroeconomic model
prizes = Nobel Prize in Economics (1969)

Jan Tinbergen (The Hague, April 12, 1903ndash June 9, 1994 The Hague), Dutch economist, was awarded the first Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 1969, which he shared with Ragnar Frisch for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes. Tinbergen was a founding trustee of Economists for Peace and Security.


Jan Tinbergen was the eldest of five children of Dirk Cornelis Tinbergen and Jeannette van Eek. His brother Niko would also win a Nobel Prize (for physiology, in 1973) for his work in ethology, while his youngest brother Luuk would become a famous ornithologist. Tinbergen studied mathematics and physics at the University of Leiden under Paul Ehrenfest. In 1929 he earned his PhD degree at this university with his thesis entitled "Minimumproblemen in de natuurkunde en de economie" (Minimisation problems in Physics and Economics). From 1929 till 1945 he worked, in addition to his professorship at Erasmus University Rotterdam, for the Dutch statistical office. He was also consultant to the League of Nations. From 1945 till 1955 he served as the first director of the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. Jan Tinbergen was a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science and of the International Academy of Science. In 1956 he founded the Econometric Institute at the Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam together with Henri Theil, who also was his successor in Rotterdam. The Tinbergen Institute was named in his honour.


Tinbergen became known for his 'Tinbergen Norm', which states that if the difference between the lowest and highest income in a company exceeds a rate of 1:5, that will not help the company and may indeed be counterproductive.

Tinbergen developed the first national comprehensive macroeconomic model, which he first built for the Netherlands and later applied to the United States and the United Kingdom after World War II.

Tinbergen's work was later built on by Lawrence Klein, contributing to another Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.


*"Centralization and decentralization in economic policy". - Westport, CT : Greenwood, 1981. - ISBN 0-313-23077-3
*"Der Dialog Nord-Süd" : Informationen zur Entwicklungspolitik. - Frankfurt/M. : Europ. Verlagsanst., 1977
*"The dynamics of business cycles" : a study in economic fluctuations. - Chicago, Ill. : Univ. Pr., 1974. - ISBN 0-226-80418-6
*"Economic policy" : principles and design. - Amsterdam : North-Holland, 1978. - ISBN 0-7204-3129-8
*Rompzy, Eric van: "Jan Tinbergen". - Antwerpen : NBH, 1974

ee also

*List of economists

External links

* [http://www.iisg.nl/bwsa/bios/tinbergen.html TINBERGEN, Jan] in: "Biografisch Woordenboek van het Socialisme en de Arbeidersbeweging in Nederland"
* [http://www.kb.nl/hkc/nobel/jtinbergen/jtinbergen.html Jan Tinbergen (1903-1994)] Koninklijke Bibliotheek
* [http://www.nobel-winners.com/Economics/jan_tinbergen.html Jan Tinbergen]
* [http://jantinbergencollege.nl/ Jan Tinbergen College] (Dutch website)
* [http://ideas.repec.org/e/pti4.html IDEAS/RePEc]

NAME=Tinbergen, Jan
DATE OF BIRTH=April 12 1903
DATE OF DEATH=June 9 1994

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  • Jan Tinbergen — noun Dutch economist noted for his work in econometrics (1903 1994) • Syn: ↑Tinbergen • Instance Hypernyms: ↑economist, ↑economic expert …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wirtschaftsnobelpreis 1969: Ragnar Frisch — Jan Tinbergen —   Der Norweger und der Niederländer erhielten den Nobelpreis für Entwicklung und Anwendung dynamischer Modelle zur Analyse von Wirtschaftsprozessen.    Biografien   Ragnar Frisch, * Oslo 3. 3. 1895, ✝ Oslo 31. 1. 1973; 1931 65 Professor für… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • TINBERGEN (J.) — TINBERGEN JAN (1903 1994) Père de la macroéconométrie et du modèle social démocrate qui s’est imposé en Europe du Nord, inlassable militant pour l’aide aux pays sous développés, Jan Tinbergen était un scientifique rigoureux doublé d’un idéaliste …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tinbergen — ist der Familienname der niederländischen Brüder Jan Tinbergen, (1903 1994), Mathematiker, Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Nobelpreisträger Luuk Tinbergen, (1916 1955), Ökologe Nikolaas Tinbergen, (1907 1988), Verhaltensforscher Sonstiges… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tinbergen — is a surname, and may refer to:* Jan Tinbergen Nobel Prize winning economist * Joost Tinbergen * Luuk Tinbergen * Nikolaas Tinbergen Nobel Prize winning ethologist * Tijs Tinbergen …   Wikipedia

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