Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture


Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture
Dehong Prefecture
—  Autonomous prefecture  —
Chinese transcription(s)
 – Characters 德宏傣族景颇族自治州
 – Pinyin Déhóng Dǎizú Jǐngpōzú zìzhìzhōu
Location of Dehong Prefecture within Yunnan province of China
Country China
Province Yunnan
Admin HQ Mang City
Area
 – Total 11,526 km2 (4,450.2 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 – Total 1,211,440
 – Density 105.1/km2 (272.2/sq mi)
Postal code 678400
Area code(s) 0692
Website http://www.dh.gov.cn

The Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (ZaiwaSikung Sam Zaizo Byumyu Yumsing Upkang Mau; Chinese: 德宏傣族景颇族自治州; pinyin: Déhóng Dǎizú Jǐngpōzú zìzhìzhōu) is located in Yunnan province, China.

Contents

Geography

Dehong stretches 122 km (~73 statute miles) from east to west and 170 km (~103 miles) from north to south, its area is 11,526 km² (~4150 mi²).

Administration

Dehong is divided into three counties and two county level cities:

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Dehong mcp.png
1 Mang City 芒市 Máng​ Shì 389,891 2,987 131
2 Ruili City 瑞丽市 Ruìlì Shì 180,627 1,020 177
3 Lianghe County 梁河县 Liánghé Xiàn 154,175 1,159 133
4 Yingjiang County 盈江县 Yíngjiāng Xiàn 305,167 4,429 69
5 Longchuan County 陇川县 Lǒngchuān Xiàn 181,580 1,931 94

The prefectural government seat is Mang City.

Population

The population of Dehong in 2003 was of 1.02 million, 48.17% of whom were Han Chinese, 51.83% were national minorities, mostly Dai and Jingpo.

History

The area was declared an autonomous region in 1953 and in May 1956 became an autonomous prefecture. In 1960 when farmers from many provinces in China came to Yunnan to farm bananas many Hunanese farmers rebuilt a place, a very long time ago before this many Chinese were in fact very scared of going there because of an illness that lurked there. It was later discovered that it was a tropical disease, these farmers helped to get rid of the disease. They made clearings, roads and made space for fields and plantations. This was during the great leap forward when a biologist working for Mao Zedong wrote an article about the weather in Yunnan being very suitable for bananas to be planted.

Further reading

  • Luo, Yongxian. A Grammar of Dehong, Southwest China. Canberra, ACT: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, 1999. ISBN 0858834960

References

External links

Coordinates: 24°26′N 98°35′E / 24.433°N 98.583°E / 24.433; 98.583


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