Saltsjöbaden


Saltsjöbaden

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Saltsjöbaden


image_caption = Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden
pushpin_

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Sweden
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_name1 = Nacka Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Stockholm County
subdivision_type3 = Province
subdivision_name3 = Södermanland
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=Statistics Sweden |url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-09-01]
area_total_km2 = 5.39
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_footnotes =
population_total = 8,937
population_density_km2 = 1657
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=59 |latm=17 |lats=10 |latNS=N
longd=18 |longm=17 |longs=14 |longEW=E
website =

Saltsjöbaden is a locality with 8,937 (2005) inhabitants situated in Nacka Municipality, Stockholm County in Sweden, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea.

History

Saltsjöbaden (literally "the Salt Sea baths") was developed as a resort by Knut Agathon Wallenberg, a member of the wealthy and influential Wallenberg family, from farmland which he bought in 1891 through a newly created railway company.

Saltsjöbaden was an independent municipality 1909-1970. In 1971 it was re-integrated into Nacka Municipality.

The local railway (Saltsjöbanan), built by Wallenberg and completed in 1893, connected Saltsjöbaden with Stockholm, with its terminus at Slussen. The railway was taken over by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik in the late 1960-ies and integrated in the Stockholm public transport system.

Two luxurious hotels (1893) and a sanatorium were built, designed by architect Erik Josephson. The parish church, Uppenbarelsekyrkan (the "Church of the Epiphany"), was built 1910-1913 and designed by Ferdinand Boberg with decoration by Olle Hjortzberg and Carl Milles, among others. The remainder of the land bought by the railway company was subdivided into plots; with the railway facilitating communications with the city, Saltsjöbaden soon became a popular suburb for the upper and upper middle classes who purchased the plots and developed it with spacious private houses.

The Stockholm Observatory was 1931-2001 located in Saltsjöbaden (see Saltsjöbaden Observatory). The asteroid 36614 Saltis, discovered there in 2000, was named after a common nickname of the place.

The larger of the two hotels, Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden, was the location of the negotiations between the Swedish Employers Association (now the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise) and the Swedish Trade Union Confederation, which led to the Saltsjöbaden agreement of 1938. The agreement materialized into the social democratic class compromise, or form of industrial relations in Sweden, the so-called “Saltsjöbaden spirit”, marked by willingness to co-operate and a cross-class, collective sense of responsibility for developments in the national labour market and in the Swedish economy generally. [ [http://www.eurofound.eu.int/emire/SWEDEN/ANCHOR-SALTSJ-Ouml-BADSAVTALET-SE.html The Saltjö agreement] At the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions website.]

In the world of chess, Saltsjöbaden is famous for the 1948 Interzonal tournament won by David Bronstein of the USSR. [ [http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/4951$iix.htm Interzonal tournament, Saltsjöbaden 1948] ]

Grand Hotel Saltsjöbaden hosted the annual meeting of the Bilderberg Group in 1962, 1973 and 1984.

References


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