Emeritus (pronEng|ɨˈmɛrɨtəs) is an adjective that is used in the title of a retired professor, bishop or other professional. Emerita (IPA|/ɨˈmɛrɨtə/) was used for women, but is rarely used todaydubious. The term is used when a person of importance in a given profession retires, so that his or her former rank can still be used in his or her title. This is particularly useful when establishing the authority of a person who might have to comment, lecture or write on a particular subject.

The word is typically used as a postpositional adjective but can also be used as a preposition adjective. It is frequently capitalized when it forms part of a title. The word originated in the mid-18th century from Latin as the past participle of "emereri" meaning to "earn one's discharge by service". "Emereri" itself is a compound of the prefix "e-" (a variant of "ex-") meaning "out of or from" and "merēre" meaning "earn".

Emeritus does not imply that the person must be retired from all duties of his or her previous title, nor does it imply that the person is engaged in the duties of his or her previous title.

ee also

*Professors in the United States


* "Emeritus", New Oxford American Dictionary (2nd edition), 2005.
* "Emeritus", Merriam-Webster Dictionary (Online), 2006.

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  • emeritus — c.1600, from L. emeritus veteran soldier who has served his time, lit. that has finished work, past service, pp. of emerere serve out, complete one s service, from ex out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + merere to serve, earn, from PIE * (s)mer to get a… …   Etymology dictionary

  • emeritus — emèritus m DEFINICIJA 1. pov. veteran rimske vojske koji je časno odslužio vojnu službu 2. na sveučilištima a. pov. umirovljeni profesor b. posebno zaslužan umirovljeni profesor ETIMOLOGIJA lat. emeritus: islužen …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • emeritus — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ having retired but allowed to retain a title as an honour: an emeritus professor. ORIGIN Latin, from emereri earn one s discharge by service …   English terms dictionary

  • emeritus — [ē mer′i təs, imer′ə təs] adj. [L, pp. of emereri, to serve out one s time < e , out + mereri, to serve, earn, MERIT] retired from active service, usually for age, but retaining one s rank or title [professor emeritus] n. pl. emeriti [i… …   English World dictionary

  • Emeritus — E*mer i*tus, a. [L., having served out his time, p. p. of emerere, emereri, to obtain by service, serve out one s term; e out + merere, mereri, to merit, earn, serve.] Honorably discharged from the performance of public duty on account of age,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emeritus — E*mer i*tus, n.; pl. {Emeriti}. [L.] A veteran who has honorably completed his service …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emerĭtus — (lat., röm. Ant.), Soldat, der seine Zeit (ein Prätorianer 15, ein Liniensoldat 20 Jahre) ausgedient hatte; Emerĭtum, ihre Belohnung an Geld od. Ländereien; 2) jetzt einer, der, nachdem er viele Jahre im Staats od. Kirchendienste gestanden hat,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Emerĭtus — (lat., »ausgedient«) wird vorzugsweise der wegen eingetretener Dienstunfähigkeit auf seinen Wunsch oder auf Anordnung der kirchlichen Behörde seines Amtes enthobene Geistliche genannt. In der evangelischen Kirche bestehen für Unterhaltung der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Emeritus — Emerĭtus (lat.), bei den Römern ein ausgedienter Soldat; jetzt bes. Bezeichnung für in den Ruhestand versetzte Geistliche, die in der kath. Kirche vielfach in Emeritenanstalten versorgt werden; emeritieren, für ausgedient erklären, in Ruhestand… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Emeritus — Emeritus, lat., bei den Römern ein ausgedienter Soldat; Emerite, ein Geistlicher oder Beamter, der wegen hohen Alters in Ruhestand versetzt ist; pro emerito erklären, in Ruhestand versetzen. Emeritenhäuser, Anstalten, in welchen kathol. emerite… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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