- Treaty of Fort Harmar
The Treaty of Fort Harmar was an agreement between the
United Statesgovernment and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country. it was signed at Fort Harmar, near present-day Marietta, Ohio, on January 9, 1789. Representatives of the Six Nations and other groups including the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Potawatomiand Saukmet with Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, and other American leaders such as Josiah Harmarand Richard Butler.
The treaty was supposed to address issues left over from the 1784
Treaty of Fort Stanwixand the 1785 Treaty of Fort McIntosh; however, the new agreement did little more than reiterate the terms of those two previous documents with a few minor changes. The document failed to address the most important grievances of the tribes, the settlement of New Englanders in the Firelandsportions of the Western Reserve, an area that extended into the territory set aside for the tribes. Governor Arthur St. Clair had been authorized by Congress and Secretary of War Henry Knoxto offer back some lands reserved for American settlement in exchange for the disputed Firelands of the Western Reserve. St. Clair however refused to give up these lands and instead, through threats and bribery, negotiated a treaty that simply reiterated the terms of previous treaties. Furthermore, several tribes such as the Shawneewere excluded from the negotiations. The Shawnee refused to abide by the treaty. The new treaty did almost nothing to stop the rash of violence along the frontier. The failure of the treaty led to an escalation of the Northwest Indian Warthat would continue for another six years until the tribal alliance was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. As the Treaty of Greenvillein 1795, the tribes were forced to give up claims to most of what is now the state of Ohio.
List of treaties
* [http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/ntreaty/six1789.htm Text of the Treaty]
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