Treaty of Fort Harmar


Treaty of Fort Harmar

The Treaty of Fort Harmar was an agreement between the United States government and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country. it was signed at Fort Harmar, near present-day Marietta, Ohio, on January 9, 1789. Representatives of the Six Nations and other groups including the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Potawatomi and Sauk met with Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, and other American leaders such as Josiah Harmar and Richard Butler.

The treaty was supposed to address issues left over from the 1784 Treaty of Fort Stanwix and the 1785 Treaty of Fort McIntosh; however, the new agreement did little more than reiterate the terms of those two previous documents with a few minor changes. The document failed to address the most important grievances of the tribes, the settlement of New Englanders in the Firelands portions of the Western Reserve, an area that extended into the territory set aside for the tribes. Governor Arthur St. Clair had been authorized by Congress and Secretary of War Henry Knox to offer back some lands reserved for American settlement in exchange for the disputed Firelands of the Western Reserve. St. Clair however refused to give up these lands and instead, through threats and bribery, negotiated a treaty that simply reiterated the terms of previous treaties. Furthermore, several tribes such as the Shawnee were excluded from the negotiations. The Shawnee refused to abide by the treaty. The new treaty did almost nothing to stop the rash of violence along the frontier. The failure of the treaty led to an escalation of the Northwest Indian War that would continue for another six years until the tribal alliance was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. As the Treaty of Greenville in 1795, the tribes were forced to give up claims to most of what is now the state of Ohio.

ee also

*List of treaties

External links

* [http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/ntreaty/six1789.htm Text of the Treaty]


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