Chat (bird)


Chat (bird)
This article is about the Old World chats; see below for other birds called "chats".
Chats
Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Subfamily: Saxicolinae
Genera

About 30, see text.

Chats (formerly sometimes known as "Chat-thrushes") are a group of small Old World insectivorous birds formerly[when?] classed as members of the thrush family Turdidae, but now[vague] considered Old World flycatchers.

This name is normally applied to the robust ground-feeding flycatchers found in Europe and Asia; these make up most of the subfamily Saxicolinae. There are a large number of genera. Most northern species are strong migrants.

Other songbirds called "chats" are:

  • Australian chats, genera Ashbyia and Epthianura of the honeyeater family (Meliphagidae). They belong to a more ancient lineage than Saxicolinae.
  • American chats, genus Granatellus of the cardinal family (Cardinalidae), formerly placed in the wood-warbler family. They belong to a more modern lineage than Saxicolinae.
  • Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens), an enigmatic North American songbird tentatively placed in the wood-warbler family (Parulidae); its true relationships are unresolved.

Species in taxonomic order

Saxicolinae genera not usually called "chats" are:

Aberrant redstarts, possibly belonging in this subfamily:

  • Genus Chaimarrornis - White-capped Redstart
  • Genus Rhyacornis (2 species)
  • Genus Hodgsonius - White-bellied Redstart

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chat — may refer to: Contents 1 Conversation 2 Geography 3 Other uses 4 ChAT 5 CHAT …   Wikipedia

  • Chat — Chat, n. 1. Light, familiar talk; conversation; gossip. [1913 Webster] Snuff, or fan, supply each pause of chat, With singing, laughing, ogling, and all that. Pope. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the genus {Icteria}, allied to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chat Flycatcher — In Northern Cape, South Africa Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • chat-thrush — ▪ bird  any of the 190 species belonging to the songbird family Turdidae (order Passeriformes) that are generally smaller and have slenderer legs and more colourful plumage than true, or typical, thrushes. Chat thrushes are sometimes treated as a …   Universalium

  • Chat Moss — Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • chat — chattable, adj. /chat/, v., chatted, chatting, n. v.i. 1. to converse in a familiar or informal manner. v.t. 2. chat up, Chiefly Brit. a. to talk flirtatiously with. b. to talk to in a friendly, open way. n. 3. informal conversation: We had a… …   Universalium

  • chat — I. /tʃæt / (say chat) verb (i) (chatted, chatting) 1. to converse in a familiar or informal manner. 2. Internet to take part in real time communication using internet relay chat. –noun 3. a short informal conversation: a pleasant chat. 4.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Bird & Diz — Infobox Album Name = Bird Diz Type = studio Artist = Charlie Parker Dizzy Gillespie Released = 1952 Recorded = February May 5, 1949 and June 6, 1950 New York, New York Genre = Jazz, bebop Length = 24:58 (Original LP) 44:52 (Remaster) Label =… …   Wikipedia

  • bird — I (Roget s IV) n. 1. [Any warm blooded vertebrate with feathers and wings] Syn. fowl, feathered creature, Avis (Latin), songbird, passerine bird, oscine bird, bird of prey, raptor, shorebird, seabird, wader, wading bird, waterfowl, ratite,… …   English dictionary for students

  • Bush chat — Chat Chat, n. 1. Light, familiar talk; conversation; gossip. [1913 Webster] Snuff, or fan, supply each pause of chat, With singing, laughing, ogling, and all that. Pope. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of the genus {Icteria}, allied to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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