Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe
The Basilica of Sant' Apollinare in Classe is an important monument of
Byzantine artin Ravenna, Italy. When the UNESCOinscribed eight Ravenna sites on the World Heritage List, it cited this basilica as "an outstanding example of the early Christian basilica in its purity and simplicity of its design and use of space and in the sumptuous nature of its decoration".
The imposing brick structure was erected by order of
Bishop Ursicinus(Ursicino), using money from the Greek banker, Iulianus Argentarius. It was certainly located next to a Christian cemetery, and quite possibly on top of a pre-existing pagan one, as some of the ancient tombstones were re-used in its construction.
Sant'Apollinare in Classe was consecrated on
May 8, 549by Bishop Maximian and dedicated to the first bishop of Ravenna and Classe. The Basilica is thus contemporary to the Basilica of San Vitalein Ravenna. In 856, the relics of Saint Apollinarewere transferred from the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe to the Basilica of Sant' Apollinare Nuovoin Ravenna.
The exterior has a large façade with two simple uprights and one mullioned window with three openings. The
narthexand building to the right of the entry are later additions, as is the fine 10th century bell tower.
The interior contains 24 columns of Greek
marble, which terminate in a green mosaicof meadows and sheep. The faded frescos depict some of the archbishops of Ravenna, and date to the 18th century. The lateral walls are bare, but were certainly once covered with gorgeous mosaics. These were likely demolished by the Venetians in 1449, although they left the mosaic decoration in the apseand on the triumphal arch in situ.
* [http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Venice%20&%20N%20Italy/Ravenna/San%20Apollinare%20in%20Classe.htm photos]
* [http://proxy.racine.ra.it/racine/ravtur/classe1.htm Virtual tour]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo — The Basilica of Sant Apollinare Nuovo is a church in Ravenna, Emilia Romagna (Italy). It was erected by the Arian King Theodoric as his palace chapel, during the first quarter of the 6th century (as attested in the Liber Pontificalis). This Arian … Wikipedia
Basilique Sant'Apollinare In Classe — Basilique Saint Apollinaire in Classe Basilique Saint Apollinaire in Classe Vue générale de l édifice Nom local Basilica di Sant Apollinare in Classe L … Wikipédia en Français
Basilique Saint Apollinare in Classe — Basilique Saint Apollinaire in Classe Basilique Saint Apollinaire in Classe Vue générale de l édifice Nom local Basilica di Sant Apollinare in Classe L … Wikipédia en Français
Basilique Sant'Apollinare Nuovo — Basilique Saint Apollinaire le Neuf Basilique Saint Apollinaire le Neuf (Ravenne) Vue générale de l édifice Nom local Basilica di Sant Apollinare Nuovo … Wikipédia en Français
Église Sant'Apollinare nuovo — Basilique Saint Apollinaire le Neuf Basilique Saint Apollinaire le Neuf (Ravenne) Vue générale de l édifice Nom local Basilica di Sant Apollinare Nuovo … Wikipédia en Français
Classe, ancient port of Ravenna — Classe was a military port located two and a half miles east south east from Ravenna, Italy. It was near the head of the Adriatic coast. For almost five hundred years it was an important strategic military port. When it was not being used… … Wikipedia
Apollinare — Infobox Saint name=Saint Apollinaris birth date= death date= feast day=July 20 (Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church July 23 (pre 1969 General Roman Calendars) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church imagesize=250px… … Wikipedia
Basilica of San Vitale — The Church or Basilica of San Vitale styled an ecclesiastical basilica in the Roman Catholic Church, though it is not of architectural basilica form is the most famous monument of Ravenna, Italy and is one of the most important examples of… … Wikipedia
Basilica — Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem Gebäudetyp Basilika. Zu den von der Bauform unabhängigen Titeln für bestimmte katholische Kirchengebäude siehe Basilica maior und Basilica minor, zur Trierer Basilika siehe Konstantinbasilika, zur… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Basílica de San Apolinar Nuovo — Monumentos paleocristianos de Rávena Nombre descrito en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad … Wikipedia Español