T-38 tank


T-38 tank

Infobox Weapon
name= T-38 amphibious scout tank


caption=
origin= Soviet Union
type= Light amphibious tank
is_artillery=
is_vehicle= yes
is_UK= yes
service= 1937–43
used_by=
wars= World War II
designer= N. Astrov & N. Kozyrev, Factory No. 37, Moscow
design_date= 1934–36
manufacturer= Factory No. 37
unit_cost=
production_date= 1937–39
number= ~1,300
variants=
spec_label=
weight= 3.3 tonnes
length= 3.78 m
width= 3.33 m
height= 1.63 m
crew= 2
elevation=
traverse=
armour= 3–9 mm
primary_armament= 7.62mm DT machine gun
secondary_armament=
engine= GAZ-AA
engine_power= 40 hp (30 kW)
pw_ratio= 12 hp/tonne
transmission=
suspension= sprung bogie
clearance=
fuel_capacity=
vehicle_range= 170 km
speed= 40 km/h

The T-38 amphibious scout tank was a Soviet light amphibious tank that saw service in World War II.

History

Designed in 1934–36 by N. Astrov's bureau at Factory No. 37 in Moscow, [Zaloga 1984, p 77–78.] the T-38 was a development of the earlier T-37, based in turn on the French AMR 33 light reconnaissance tank. The tank was powered by a standard GAZ (Ford) engine and was cheap to produce. Buoyancy was achieved by the large-volume hull and large fenders. In water, the vehicle was propelled by small three-bladed propeller mounted at the rear.

The tanks were intended for use for reconnaissance and infantry support. As a scout tank the T-38 had the advantages of very low silhouette and good mobility, due to its ability to swim. The T-38 was also intended to be air-portable; during the Kiev maneuvers in 1936, the tanks were transported by Tupolev TB-3 bombers, mounted under the fuselage. Infantry battalions were each issued 38 T-38s, with 50 being designated for each airborne armored battalions. However, the thin armor and single machinegun armament made the tank of only limited use in combat while the lack of radios in most T-38s was a serious limitation in a recon vehicle. The T-38's limitations were recognized, and it would have been replaced by the T-40, but the outbreak of the Second World War meant that only a few T-40s were produced.

Around 1,500 T-38s were built, illustrating the importance of amphibious scout tanks to the Red Army. Some were up-gunned with a 20 mm ShVAK cannon.

ervice history

The tank served with the Red Army in the Winter War with Finland in 1940, but was unsuccessful due to its light armament and thin armour. In the confined terrain of Finland the tank was a deathtrap. It did not do well in the early stages of World War II, and large numbers were captured by the Germans during Operation Barbarossa. The T-38 was rarely seen in direct combat after 1941 and mostly relegated to other roles such as artillery tractor, although it was reported to have been used in the Dnieper River crossing of 1943. During WW2, the main amphibious scout vehicle of the Red Army was the Ford GPA amphibious jeep, an open unarmored vehicle provided through Lend-Lease.

The German Army did not generally use captured T-38s as gun tanks (unlike captured T-26s, T-34s, or other more valuable vehicles). It is reported that some were re-used by converting them into self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery, mounting a 37 mm anti-aircraft gun on the T-38 chassis, although this would seem to be a very large piece for the chassis.

Variants

* T-38RT (1937), version equipped with radio.
* OT-38 (1937), flamethrower-equipped version.
* T-38M1 (1937), prototype with superior planetary transmission, considered too complex for production.
* T-38M2 (1938), modification improving the gearbox and replacing the engine with GAZ M1.
* T-38TU, command version with extra radio antenna.
* SU-45 (1936), experimental 45 mm self-propelled gun.
* T-38TT (1939), experimental remotely controlled tank (teletank).

References

* Bean, Tim & Will Fowler (2002) "Russian Tanks of World War II - Stalin's Armored Might"
* Bishop, Chris (1998) "The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II"
* Chamberlain, Peter & Chris Ellis (1972) "Tanks of the World, 1915-1945"
* Fleischer, Wolfgang (1999) "Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945"
* cite book
first = Steven J.
last = Zaloga
authorlink =
coauthors = James Grandsen
year = 1984
month =
title = Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two
chapter =
editor =
others =
edition =
pages =
publisher = Arms and Armour Press
location = London
id = ISBN 0-85368-606-8
url =

External links

* [http://www.wwiivehicles.com/ussr/tanks_light/t38.html WWII vehicles]
* [http://www.onwar.com/tanks/ussr/data/t38.htm OnWar]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tank Girl — is a British comic character created by Damon Albarn and written by Alan Martin and originally drawn by Jamie Hewlett, and is currently drawn by Rufus Dayglo, Ashley Wood, and Mike McMahon.As the name suggests, Tank Girl drives a tank, which is… …   Wikipedia

  • Tank Man — stops the advance of a column of tanks on June 5, 1989, in Beijing. This photograph, taken by Jeff Widener of the Associated Press, became one of the most famous images of the 20th century, and an international symbol at the end of the Cold War… …   Wikipedia

  • Tank Girl — Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans Tank Girl Alias Rebecca Buck Pouvoirs tireuse d’élite …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tank — [ tɑ̃k ] n. m. • 1857; mot angl. « réservoir »; tanque « citerne pour se baigner, aux Indes » 1617; mot port. 1 ♦ Citerne d un navire pétrolier. Cylindre métallique de grandes dimensions utilisé comme réservoir dans certaines industries. Tank à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tank research and development — continues in many industrial countries despite the end of the Cold war. The funds involved are lower than when the United States and the Soviet Union were engaged in a massive arms race. Most of the tank design bureaus or arsenals now function… …   Wikipedia

  • Tank desant — ( ru. танковый десант, tankovyy desant ) is a military combined arms tactic, where infantry soldiers ride into an attack on tanks, then dismount to fight on foot in the final phase of the assault. Desant (from fr. descente to disembark) is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Tank formations during the Cold War — Tank formations and number of tanks of the most important countries in Europe during the Cold War.List of units: West Germany German Army as of 1981/82: * 6 Tank Divisions (Panzerdivisionen) * 4 Armored Infantry Divisions… …   Wikipedia

  • Tank Girl (film, 1995) — Tank Girl Tank Girl Alias Rebecca Buck Pouvoir aucun, endurance, agilités, tireur d élite, possède un tank, bazooka, fusil, batte de base ball Créé par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tank blanketing — Tank blanketing, also referred to as tank padding, is the process of applying a gas to the empty space in a storage container. The term storage container here refers to any container that is used to store products, regardless of its size. Though… …   Wikipedia

  • Tank — Tank  игровой автомат, работающий при опускании жетонов. Представляет собой простую аркадную игру для двух игроков. Выпущен 5 ноября 1974 года компанией Kee Games, дочерним предприятием Особенности Tank  первый игровой автомат, использовавший для …   Википедия

  • Tank (аркадная игра) — Tank  игровой автомат, работающий при опускании жетонов. Представляет собой простую аркадную игру для двух игроков. Выпущен 5 ноября 1974 года компанией Kee Games, дочерним предприятием Atari. Особенности Tank  первый игровой автомат,… …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.