List of Ashkenazi Jews

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Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim are Jews descended from the medieval Jewish communities of the Rhineland. Many later migrated, largely eastward, forming communities in Germany, Poland, Austria, Eastern Europe and elsewhere between the 10th and 19th centuries. From medieval times until the mid-20th century, the lingua franca among Ashkenazi Jews was Yiddish or Slavic languages such as the (now extinct) Knaanic, and they developed a distinct culture and liturgy influenced by interaction with surrounding nations.

Although in the 11th century they comprised only 3% of the world's Jewish population, today Ashkenazi Jews account for approximately 80% of world Jewry. [ [http://www.jcpa.org/dje/articles3/sephardic.htm Can Sephardic Judaism be Reconstructed? ] ] Most Jewish communities with extended histories in Europe are Ashkenazim, with the exception of those associated with the Mediterranean region. A significant portion of the Jews who migrated from Europe to other continents in the past two centuries are Eastern Ashkenazim, particularly in the United States.

A

* Professor Chimen Abramsky (Jewish Year Book 2007, p.200)
* Jenny Abramsky
* Professor Samson Abramsky (Jewish Year Book 2007, p.198)
* Rabbi Yehezkel Abramsky
* Leonard Adleman
* Guido Adler
* Kurt Herbert Adler
* George Akerlof
* Woody Allen
* Kenneth Arrow
* David Ascalon (artist & synagogue designer)
* Maurice Ascalon (sculptor)
* Tobias Asser
* Robert Aumann
* Robert Axelrod

B

* Moshe Bar
* Ehud Barak
* Joel Barnett
* Gary Becker
* Menachem Begin
* David Ben-Gurion
* Yitzhak Ben-Zvi
* Saul Bellow
* Isaiah Berlin
* Elmer Bernstein
* Leonard Bernstein
* Hans Bethe
* Felix Bloch
* Manuel Blum
* David Bohm
* Max Born
* Mikhail Botvinnik
* Leon Brittan, Baron Brittan of Spennithorne
* Sir Israel Brodie
* Bronfman family
* Martin Buber
* Sir Arnold Burgen
* George Burns

C

* Sir Roy Calne
* Rene Cassin
* Paul Celan
* Georges Charpak
* Noam Chomsky
* Leonard Cohen
* Leon Cooper
* Jamie Lee Curtis
* Tony Curtis

D

* George David
* Larry David
* Moshe Dayan
* Jared Diamond
* Benjamin Disraeli
* Cyril Domb
* Alcina Lubitch Domecq
* Fran Drescher
* Bob Dylan

E

* Boris Efimov
* Zac Efron
* Albert Einstein
* Stanley Harvey Eisen (Paul Stanley)
* Will Eisner
* Barry Eichengreen
* Isidore Epstein
* Sir Jacob Epstein
* Theo Epstein
* Paul Erdos
* Levi Eshkol

F

* Leo Fall
* Edward Feigenbaum
* Douglas Feith
* Richard Feynman
* Norman Finkelstein
* Robert Fogel
* Anne Frank
* Edith Frank-Holländer
* James Franck
* Ilya Frank
* Clement Freud
* Lucien Freud
* Sigmund Freud
* Alfred Fried
* Erich Fried
* David Friedman
* Jerome Friedman
* Milton Friedman
* Thomas Friedman

G

* Dennis Gabor
* Abraham Gancwajch
* Murray Gell-Mann
* George Gershwin
* Allen Ginsberg
* Donald Glaser
* Sheldon Glashow
* Roy Glauber
* Emma Goldman
* Lipa Goldman
* Marcus Goldman
* Yosef Goldman
* Sir Hermann Gollancz
* Victor Gollancz
* Amy Goodman
* Benny Goodman
* Joseph Gordon-Levitt
* Stephen Jay Gould
* Alan Greenspan

H

* Monty Hall
* John Harsanyi
* Ronald Harwood
* Goldie Hawn
* Rose Heilbron
* Joseph H. Hertz
* Chaim Herzog
* Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog
* Sir Peter Hirsch
* Samson Raphael Hirsch
* Eva Hoffman
* Robert Hofstadter
* Bernhard Horwitz
* Anthony Horowitz
* David Horowitz
* Israel Horowitz
* Kate Hudson

I

* Scott Ian
* Moses Isserles
* Israel Isserlin

J

* Louis Jacobs
* Immanuel Jakobovits
* Sid James
* Dawid Janowski
* Arthur Jensen
* George Jessel (actor)
* George Jessel (jurist)
* Alejandro Jodorowsky
* Al Jolson
* Brian Josephson
* Walter Jurmann

K

* Franz Kafka
* William Kahan
* Bob Kahn
* Daniel Kahneman
* Leon Kamin
* Leonid Kantorovich
* Mona May Karff
* Garry Kasparov
* Daniel Kessler
* Alexander Khalifman
* Mia Kirshner
* Henry Kissinger
* Boris Khaykin
* Calvin Klein
* Ernest Klein (chess player)
* Lawrence Klein
* Arthur Koestler
* Abraham Isaac Kook
* Viktor Korchnoi
* Erich Wolfgang Korngold
* David Kossoff
* Paul Kossoff
* Edward E. Kramer
* Fritz Kreisler
* Mario Kreutzberger
* William Kristol
* Stella Kübler
* Simon Kuznets

L

* Michael Leigh
* Lev Landau
* Edward Lasker
* Emanuel Lasker
* Ralph Lauren
* Yisrael Meir Lau
* Ruth Lawrence
* Leon Lederman
* David Lee
* Arthur Lenk
* Wassily Leontief
* Oscar Levant
* Bernard Levin
* Richard Lewontin
* Joe Lieberman
* Willy Lindwer
* Gabriel Lippmann
* Judah Loew ben Bezalel
* Frederick Loewe
* Johann Löwenthal

M

* Gustav Mahler
* Henryk Makower
* Harry Markowitz
* Michael Marks
* Leeran Markizano
* Michael Martin
* Groucho Marx
* Karl Marx
* Fritzi Massary
* John McCarthy (computer scientist)
* Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett
* Golda Meir
* Felix Mendelssohn
* Dia Mirza
* Moses Mendelssohn
* Yehudi Menuhin
* Robert Merton
* Leon Mestel
* Yona Metzger
* Giacomo Meyerbeer
* Albert Michelson
* Merton Miller
* Nathan Milstein
* Marvin Minsky
* Franco Modigliani
* Benno Moiseiwitsch
* Ludwig Mond
* Samuel Montagu, 1st Baron Swaythling
* Ron Moody
* Claus Moser
* Zero Mostel
* Ben Mottelson
* Peter Munk

N

* Miguel Najdorf
* Benjamin Netanyahu
* Julia Neuberger, Baroness Neuberger
* John von Neumann
* Mike Nichols
* Leonard Nimoy
* Aron Nimzowitsch

O

* Jacques Offenbach
* Ehud Olmert
* Leo Ornstein
* Douglas Osheroff
* Franz Oppenheimer
* Robert Oppenheimer

P

* Seymour Papert
* Mandy Patinkin
* Wolfgang Pauli
* Arno Penzias
* Shimon Peres
* Martin Perl
* Alan Perlis
* Peter Pershan
* River Phoenix
* Bronson Pinchot
* Steven Pinker
* Amir Pnueli
* André Previn
* Susan Polgar
* Judit Polgar
* Zsófia Polgár
* Kevin Pollak
* Sir Karl Popper
* Natalie Portman
* Stefanie Powers
* Hilary Putnam
* Calel Perechodnik - A member of Jewish Ghetto Police in the Warsaw Ghetto.

Q

* Judah Quastel

R

* Rabbeinu Tam
* Isidor Rabi
* Michael Rabin
* Yitzhak Rabin
* Gilda Radner
* Idan Raichel - Israeli musician
* Rashbam
* Rashi
* Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading
* Bar Refaeli
* Janet Reger, fashion designer [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4349445.stm]
* Stefan Reif
* Frederick Reines
* Fred Reinfeld
* Samuel Reshevsky
* Richard Réti
* Burton Richter
* Edward G. Robinson
* Judith Rodin
* Mark Ronson
* Steven Rose
* Eddie Rosner
* Joseph Rotblat
* Philip Roth
* Lionel de Rothschild
* Mayer Amschel Rothschild
* Nathan Mayer Rothschild
* Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild
* Akiba Rubinstein
* Robert E. Rubin

* Andrew Sachs
* Jonathan Sacks
* Leonard Sainer
* Herbert Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel
* Paul Samuelson
* Adam Sandler
* Michael Savage (commentator)
* Arthur Schawlow
* Solomon Schechter
* Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg
* Emanuel Schiffers
* Joseph Schmidt
* Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
* Arnold Schoenberg
* Myron Scholes
* Liev Schreiber
* Chuck Schumer
* Melvin Schwartz
* Michael Schwartz
* Karl Schwarzschild
* Julian Schwinger
*Philip H. Sechzer
* Emilio Segrè
* Reinhard Selten
* Adi Shamir
* Yitzhak Shamir
* Helen Sharman
* Ariel Sharon
* William Shatner
* Zalman Shazar
* Sylvia Sidney
* John Silver
* Sarah Silverman
* Alicia Silverstone
* Arnold Silverstone, Baron Ashdown
* Simeon Singer
* Herbert Simon
* Vasily Smyslov
* Robert Solow
* E. A. Speiser
* Aaron Spelling
* Professor David Spiegelhalter (Jewish Year Book 2007, p.198)
* Rudolf Spielmann
* Steven Spielberg
* Mark Spitz
* Robert Starer
* Maxim Staviski
* Leonid Stein
* Jack Steinberger
* Herman Steiner
* Max Steiner
* Wilhelm Steinitz
* Howard Stern
* Leonard N. Stern
* Max Stern
* Otto Stern
* Robert Sternberg
* Joseph Stiglitz
* Oscar Straus (composer)
* Emil Sutovsky
* Lawrence Summers
* Peter Svidler

T

* Mark Taimanov
* Mikhail Tal
* Igor Tamm
* Siegbert Tarrasch
* Edward Teller
* Ernst Toch
* Meier Tzelniker

U

* Stanislaw Ulam
* Edgar G. Ulmer
* David Unger, Guatemalan author
* Louis Untermeyer

V

* Immanuel Velikovsky
* Dziga Vertov
* Vilna Gaon
* J. Buzz Von Ornsteiner

W

* Kurt Weill
* Sanford I. Weill
* Steven Weinberg
* Hugo Weisgall
* Ezer Weizman
* Chaim Weizmann
* Samson Wertheimer
* Elie Wiesel
* Simon Wiesenthal
* Rachel Weisz
* Eugene Wigner
* Stephen Samuel Wise
* Jacob Wolfowitz
* Paul Wolfowitz
* Stephen Wolfram
* Harry Woolf, Baron Woolf
* Yehudi Wyner

X

Y

* Daniel Yanofsky
* Jack Yellen
* Harris Yulin
* Kevin Youkilis

Z

* Ludwik Zamenhof - The founder of Esperanto
* Erich Zeisl
* Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.
* Efrem Zimbalist
* Fred Zinnemann
* Jacob Ziv
* Adolph Zukor
* Ayelet Zurer

References


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