Manila hemp


Manila hemp
The packaging of manila hemp (Musa textilis) into bales at Kali Telepak, Besoeki, East Java.

Manila hemp, also known as manilla, is a type of fiber obtained from the leaves of the abacá (Musa textilis), a relative of the banana. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. It was once used mainly to make manila rope,[1] but this is now of minor importance. Manila envelopes and manila paper take their name from this fibre.[2][3]

It is not actually hemp, but named so because hemp was long a major source of fibre, and other fibres were sometimes named after it. The name refers to the capital of the Philippines, one of the main producers of abacá.[2][3]

References

  1. ^ "Manila hemp". Transport Information Service, Gesamtverband der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft e.V.. http://www.tis-gdv.de/tis_e/ware/fasern/manila/manila.htm. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b H. T. Edwards, B. E. Brewer, George E. Nesom, Otis Warren Barrett, William Scrugham Lyon, & Murad M. Saleeby (1904). "Abacá (manila hemp)". Farmers' bulletin (Bureau of Agriculture. Republic of the Philippines). 
  3. ^ a b Katrien Hendrickx (1904). "The Origins of Banana-fibre Cloth in the Ryukyus, Japan". Farmers' bulletin. Studia anthropologica (Leuven University Press) 11: 170. ISBN 9789058676146. http://books.google.com/books?id=ULyu8dNqS1sC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manila hemp — n. 1. A fibrous material obtained from the abaca plant ({Musa textilis}), a plant allied to the banana, growing in the Philippine and other East India islands; called also by the native name {abaca}. From it matting, canvas, ropes, and cables are …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manila hemp — Hemp Hemp (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp, Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka nnabis, ka nnabos; cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from some… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Manila hemp — n. [often m h ] 1. a Philippine plant (Musa textilis) of the banana family 2. a strong, tough fiber from the leafstalks of this plant, used for making high quality rope, paper, clothing, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Manila hemp — noun 1. a kind of hemp obtained from the abaca plant in the Philippines • Syn: ↑Manilla hemp, ↑abaca • Hypernyms: ↑hemp 2. Philippine banana tree having leafstalks that yield Manila hemp used for rope and paper etc • Syn: ↑abaca, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Manila Hemp — ABACA, or MANILA HEMP A fibre obtained from the leaf stalks of the musa textilis , a plant in the Philippine Islands, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. It is strong, has great durability, varies from 40 in. to 140 in. in length, yellowish white in colour …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • manila hemp — /mənɪlə ˈhɛmp/ (say muhniluh hemp) noun a fibrous material obtained from the leaves of the abaca tree, Musa textilis, used for making ropes, fabrics, etc. Also, Manila hemp …   Australian English dictionary

  • Manila-hemp — pluoštinis bananas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bananinių šeimos pluoštinis augalas (Musa textilis), paplitęs Filipinuose, plačiai auginamas kitur. atitikmenys: lot. Musa textilis angl. abaca; abaca banana; Manila hemp vok. Faser Banane; …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Manila hemp — noun The fibre of the abaca. Syn: abaca, abacá, abaka, abaca fibre, manila hemp fibre …   Wiktionary

  • Manila hemp — Manil′a hemp′ n. tex abaca 2) • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • Manila hemp — noun Etymology: Manila, Philippine Islands Date: 1814 abaca …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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