Xanadu

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Xanadu
other_name = Zanadu, Shangdu, or Shang-tu
native_name = zh-cp|c=上都|p=Shàngdū
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Xanadu, also Zanadu, Shangdu, or Shang-tu (zh-cp|c=上都|p=Shàngdū) was the summer capital of Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty in China, a division of the Mongol Empire (which covered much of Asia and also encroached upon eastern Europe). The city was located in what is now called Inner Mongolia, convert|275|km|mi north of Beijing, about convert|28|km|mi northwest of the modern town of Duolun. The layout of the capital is roughly square shaped with sides of about 2200m, it consists of an "Outer City", and an "Inner City" in the southeast of the capital which has also roughly a square layout with sides about 1400m, and the palace, where Kublai Khan stayed in summer. The palace has sides of roughly 550m, 40% the size of the Forbidden City in Beijing. The most visible modern-day remnants are the earthen walls though there is also a ground-level, circular brick platform in the centre of the inner enclosure. Xanadu was visited by Venetian explorer Marco Polo in 1275; it became fabled as a metaphor for opulence, most famously in the English Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem "Kubla Khan".

External links

* [http://www.doncroner.com/2005/05/china-inner-mongolia-shangdu.html Mr. Don Croner's report on present-day condition of Shangdu, nice photos, and travel directions.]
* [http://www.maplandia.com/china/nei-mongol-zizhiqu/shangdu/ Shangdu Google Satellite Map] ( [http://www.maplandia.com/ maplandia] )
* [http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/en/doc/2003-10/14/content_271814.htm Shangdu city uncovered] ( [http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/ chinadaily.com] )
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/142/ Historical Remains at Yuan Shangdu ] ( [http://whc.unesco.org UNESCO World Heritage] )


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xanadu — steht für: Xanadu (Ort), einen legendären Ort in China Xanadu (Film), einen Film aus dem Jahre 1980 Xanadu (Soundtrack), Soundtrack zum Film von 1980 Xanadu (Musical), ein Musical aus dem Jahre 2007, basierend auf dem gleichnamigen Film Xanadu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xanadu — (Де Панбархат,Бельгия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Golfstraat 2, 8660 Де Панбархат, Бельгия …   Каталог отелей

  • Xanadu —   [nach dem paradiesischen Ort Xanadu im Gedicht »Kubla Khan« von Samuel Taylor Coleridge (*1772, +1834)], von Ted Nelson bereits 1960 initiiertes Projekt, das als Ursprung und Vorläufer des im World Wide Web verwendeten gilt. 1965 wurde von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Xanadu — [zan′ə do͞o΄] n. [after Xanadu, the region where a “stately pleasure dome” is located in the poem “Kubla Khan” by S. T. COLERIDGE Samuel Taylor] any luxurious or exotic mansion, estate, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Xanadu — Mongol city founded by Kublai Khan, 1620s, anglicized form of Shang tu. Sense of dream place of magnificence and luxury derives from Coleridge s poem (1816) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Xanadu —    Comédie musicale de Robert Greenwald, avec Olivia Newton John, Gene Kelly, Michael Beck.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1980   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 1 h 33    Résumé    Une muse descendue de l Olympe enflamme le cœur d un peintre… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Xanadu — [n] utopia Arcadia, dreamland, dreamworld, Eden, heaven, land of milk and honey*, never never land*, paradise, promised land*, Shangri La*, wonderland; concepts 370,689 …   New thesaurus

  • Xanadu — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Xanadu est un mot aux multiples significations, très éloignées les unes des autres. Ce peut être : Xanadu, capitale d été et palais d été de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Xanadú — Para otros usos de este término, véase Xanadu (desambiguación). Xanadú, Xanadu, Zanadu o Shangdu (Shàngdū en pinyin) era la capital de verano del Imperio mongol de Kublai Kan, imperio que ocupaba gran parte de Asia. Hallazgos arqueológicos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Xanadu — Hypertext System, 1965 theoretisch entwickelt von Theodor Nelson als elektronisches, stark referenzierendes Online Archiv allen Schriftguts (siehe http://www.xanadu.net/xanadu/) …   Acronyms


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