Roč (Italian: "Rozzo") is a village in Istria, north-west Croatia, with a population of only 180 people. It is about 50 km south-east of Trieste, Italy, located on the road Trieste — Koper — Učka tunnel — Rijeka. Its other names are "Rus" (quoted as such in a document of 1064), "Ronz" and "Rozzo". Together with Roč, they all derive from the Celtic name Roz: the related name Roc is very common in wide areas under Celts influence. The Romans called it Castrum Rotium or Rocium.

Roč is considered a town rather than a village due to its rich cultural heritage. The local Church of St. Anthony holds the precious Roč Glagolitic Abecedarium from the 1200s. The first Croatian printed book, the Missal of 1483, was prepared in Roč by one Juri Žakan.

The town of Roč is declared by the authorities as an important cultural monument, as it has a well preserved city walls from the Middle Ages with two entrances, a Roman lapidarium, a Venetian bombarda cannon and a functional watchtower. Furthermore, it has the church of St. Anton from the 12th, St. Rok from the 14th and St. Bertol from the 15th century, and numerous other smaller artifacts preserved in the ancient buildings.

Seven kilometers from Roč is Hum, with a population of only 22 people often called the smallest town in the world. Along the road from Roč to Hum is Glagolitic avenue, a memorial avenue of ten monuments from the history of the Glagolitic alphabet.

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  • roc — roc …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • roc — [ rɔk ] n. m. • XVe; forme masc. de roche 1 ♦ Littér. Bloc ou masse de pierre dure formant une éminence sur le sol. ⇒ pierre, 1. rocher. « Oh ! que la mer est sombre au pied des rocs sinistres ! » (Hugo). Cour. Dur, ferme, insensible, solide… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • roc — 1. (rok) s. m. Masse de pierre très dure qui tient à la terre. •   La source du fleuve Marsyas est au sommet d une montagne, d où il tombe sur un roc, VAUGEL. Q. C. III, 1. •   Menez la sur un roc, au haut d une montagne, En des lieux où l attend …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Roc — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un roc destrozando el barco de Simbad. Los Rocs o Rukh (en idioma persa رخ rokh, según afirmó Charles Louis de Casartelli es una forma abreviada de simurgh en persa), son aves de rapiña gigantescas, a menudo blancas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Roc — als Abkürzung steht für: Ligue ROC, eine französische Umweltorganisation Race of Champions, eine Automobilsportveranstaltung Rate of Change Oszillator, siehe Momentum (Chartanalyse) Receiver Operating Characteristic, eine grafische Methode zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ROC — als Abkürzung steht für: Ligue ROC, eine französische Umweltorganisation Race of Champions, eine Automobilsportveranstaltung Restricted Operator’s Certificate, beschränkt gültiges Betriebszeugnis für Funker im Seefunk Rate of Change Oszillator,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • roc — ROC. s. m. Masse de pierre trés dure, qui a sa racine en terre. Ce roc est fort dur, bastir sur le roc. des fossez taillez dans le roc. percer le roc. cette place est sur un roc, bastir sur le roc. dur comme le roc. aussi ferme que le roc, qu un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Roc — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roč — Roč …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ROC — FINANCE abbreviation for return on capital * * *    Rate of Change. In technical analysis, the ROC is an indicator that measures the ratio of the most recent closing price to a price in a previous set period. Thus, a five day rate of change… …   Financial and business terms

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