PFM-1 (Russian: "ПФМ-1", short for "противопехотная фугасная мина" - anti-infantry cluster landmine; NATO name: "Green parrot", also known as "butterfly mine") is a
land mineof Sovietproduction, very similar to BLU-43 US Armylandmine. Both devices are very similar in shape and principles, although they use different explosive.
The mine is basically a plastic bag containing explosive liquid. The mine is stored with a pin restraining a detonating plunger. Once the arming pin is removed, the plunger is slowly forced by a spring forward until it contacts the detonator, at which point it is armed. This takes between one and forty minutes, allowing the mine to be deployed or air dropped.
Deformation of the soft plastic skin of the mine forces the arming plunger to strike the detonator, detonating the mine. Because the body of the mine is a single cumulative pressure primer, it is extremely dangerous to handle the mine: A single press of 5 kg or more presses, adding each other to 5 kg will make it go off. The charge is usually nonlethal, although sufficient for traumatic amputation of the foot. A variant of the mine, PFM-1S, self-destroys after one to forty hours, with 85% of the mines destroyed by 80 hours.
The mine can be deployed both from helicopters and by infantry. In the latter variant, a number of mines is spread over a circle with a diameter of ~15 meters.
Once the mine is armed it cannot be disarmed.
PFM-1 was mainly used during the
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistanto prevent groups of insurgents from using certain roads. Unfortunately, civilians often fell prey to it. One of the unforeseen results of its military application was a high number of casualties among children. Due to its unusual shape, the mine was often mistaken for a toy by children. As the mine exploded, it often resulted in hand and head trauma, which was frequently lethal. This characteristic made this particular type of land mine a principal target for the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. Russiahas not signed the Ottawa Treaty, allowing them to retain this type of landmine in their arsenal.
* Weight: 75 g
* Filling: 37 g of VS6-D or VS-60D liquid explosive
* Fuze: MVDM/VGM-572
* Length: 120 mm
* Width: 20 mm
* Height: 61 mm
* Operating pressure: 5-25 kg
Organization for Mine Clearance and Afghan Rehabilitation
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
PFM-1 — mit Abwurfbox Allgemeine Angaben Bezeichnung: PFM 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
PFM — could mean:* Prison Fellowship Ministries * Pulse Frequency Modulation * Personal Financial Management, a class of web sites which include Wesabe, Mint.com, Geezeo and Jwaala * Printer Font Metrics, part of a Type 1 font description used by the… … Wikipedia
.pfm — [Abk. für Postscript Font Metric], Erweiterung einer Datei, die metrische Informationen zu einer PostScript Schrift (PostScript) enthält … Universal-Lexikon
PFM — Premiata Forneria Marconi Premiata Forneria Marconi (communément appelé PFM) est un groupe rock italien (rock progressif) dont les débuts remontent à 1972 avec l album Storia di un minuto. Un des leaders du mouvement progressif des années 70, PFM … Wikipédia en Français
PFM-1 — A PFM 1 mine. (Photo credit:Juergen Lumpp) PFM 1 schematic PFM 1 ПФМ 1С (ПФМ 1) противопехотная мина, фугасная нажимного действия. Была разработана в СССР, является почти точной копией американской мины BLU 43/B «Dragontooth». Принята на… … Википедия
PFM — Die Abkürzung PFM steht für: Pulsed Force Mode, eine Betriebsart für ein Rasterkraftmikroskop Photonic Force Microscope, eine Mikroskopieart (optische Pinzette) Pulsfrequenzmodulation Premiata Forneria Marconi, eine italienische Rock Band… … Deutsch Wikipedia
PFM — Pure Freaking Magic. Used by the computer elite when something is too cutting edge to be understood even in their own circles. (Coined by the boys at maximum3d.com.) We understood the FSAA, but 8 layer single pass multi texturing? That s just PFM … Dictionary of american slang
PFM — n. pure fucking magic, absolutely astounding. □ The whole evening was PFM! I had a great time! … Dictionary of American slang and colloquial expressions
PFM — … Википедия
PFM — Premiata Forneria Marconi (Business » Firms) Public Financial Management (Governmental » US Government) Public Financial Management (Business » Firms) ** Porcelain Fused to Metal (Business » Products) * Prison Fellowship Ministries (Community »… … Abbreviations dictionary