- Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814
The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 (also known as the Convention of London) was a
treatysigned between Great Britain and the United Provinces in Londonon August 13, 1814. It was signed by Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, for Britain and Hendrik Fagel(or Henry Fagel) for the Dutch.
The treaty returned the colonial possessions of the Dutch as they were at
January 1, 1803before the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars, in the Americas, Africa, and Asiawith the exceptions of the Cape of Good Hopeand the South American settlements of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, where the Dutch retained trading rights. In addition, the British ceded the island of Banca in the Malay archipelagoin exchange for the settlement of Cochin in Indiaand its dependencies on the coast of Malabar. The Dutch also ceded the district of Bernagore, situated close to Calcutta, in exchange for an annual fee. The treaty also noted a declaration of June 15, 1814, by the Dutch that ships for the slave tradewere no longer permitted in British ports and it agreed that this restriction would be extended to a ban on involvement in the slave trade by Dutch citizens. Britain also agreed to pay £1,000,000 to Swedento resolve a claim to the Caribbeanisland of Guadeloupe("see Guadeloupe Fund"). The British and the Dutch agreed to spend £2,000,000 each on improving the defences of the Low Countries. More funds, of up to £3,000,000, are mentioned for the "final and satisfactory settlement of the Low Countries in union with Holland." Disputes arising from this treaty were the subject of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.
* [http://www.guyana.org/Western/1803%20to%201840.htm Treaty Text (Document 464)]
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