To become a Citizen of
Malaysia, a person must meet the requirements of the Malaysia Citizenship Rules 1964.
The criteria to be a Malaysian citizen are
*"every person born before Malaysia Day who is a citizen of the Malaysia by virtue of these provisions"
*"every person who immediately before Merdeka Day, was a citizen of Malaysia by virtue of any of the provisions of the Federation of Malaya Agreement,
1948, whether by operation of law or otherwise"
*"every person born within Malaysia on or after Merdeka Day and before October,
*"any person born within Malaysia but whose parents are foreign can acquire citizenship after a period of 6 years"
*"every person born within Malaysia after September
1962, of whose parents one at least was at the time of the birth either a citizen or permanently resident in Malaysia, or who was not born a citizen of any other country"
*"every person born outside Malaysia on or after Merdeka Day whose father was a citizen at the time of his birth and either was born in Malaysia or was at the time of the birth in service under the Government of Malaysia or of a State"
*"every person born outside Malaysia on or after Merdeka Day whose father was a citizen at the time of the birth if the birth was, or is, within 1 year of its occurrence or within such longer period as in any particular case was or is allowed by the Malaysian Government, registered at a consulate of Malaysia or, if it occurred in
Singapore, Sarawak, Bruneior North Borneo, registered with the Federal Government"
*"every person born on or after Malaysia Day, and having any of the qualifications specified below"
*"every person born within Malaysia of whose parents one at least is at the time of the birth either a citizen or permanently resident in Malaysia and"
*"every person born outside the Malaysia whose father is at the time of the birth a citizen and either was born in Malaysia or is at the time of the birth in the service of the Federation or of a State and"
*"every person born outside Malaysia whose father is at the time of the birth a citizen and whose birth is, within 1 year of its occurrence or within such longer period as the Malaysian Government may in any particular case allow, registered at a consulate of Malaysia or, if it occurs in Brunei or in a territory prescribed for this purpose by order of the
Yang di-Pertuan Agong, registered with the Malaysian Government and"
*"every person born in Singapore of whose parents one at least is at the time of the birth a citizen and who is not born citizen otherwise than by virtue of this paragraph and"
*"every person born within Malaysia who is not born a citizen of any country otherwise than by virtue of this paragraph"
A person can become a citizen of Malaysia either by "registration" or "naturalization". In cases by registration, where a person is by operation of law is a citizen but have yet to be registered, such person is entitled to citizenship upon application and be registered as a citizen of Malaysia. For cases by naturalization, this refers to the process of admitting a person not a citizen of Malaysia to citizenship. This is subjected to the requirements and conditions of the Federal Government. Any person holding Malaysian citizenship is also disallowed to hold any other country's citizenship. Malaysia does not allow
Those applying for citizenship by registration must have "an elementary knowledge of the
Malay language". Those applying to become naturalised citizens must have "an adequate knowledge of the Malay language" and have resided in the country for ten of the past twelve years, including the twelve months immediately preceding the application. These requirements are set out by Part III of the Constitution; however, as there is no objective definition of what constitutes elementary or adequate knowledge of Malay, in practice, the tests are often subjective, sometimes even varying in whether a written knowledge of Malay is required. [Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). "Hickling's Malaysian Public Law", p. 33. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.]
Notes and references
* [http://www.lawyerment.com.my/library/doc/imgr/lctz/ Lawyerment] - Malaysian legal website
* [http://www.jpn.gov.my/ JPN] - National Registration Department
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