Kenneth H. Jackson
Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1 November 1909 – 20 February 1991) was an English linguist and a translator who specialised in the
Celtic languages. He demonstrated how the text of the Ulster Cycleof tales, written down around 1100, preserves an oral tradition of some six centuries earlier and reflects Celtic Irish society of the third and fourth century AD. His "Celtic Miscellany" is a popular standard.
He married Janet Dall Galloway on 12 August 1936. Their two children Alaster and Stephenie were born in the USA but brought up in Scotland. In retirement, Jackson continued his work on place-names and Gaelic languages. However he suffered a stroke in 1984 that restricted his work.
An obituary was published the "The Times" on 8 March 1991 and in "Nomina 15".
Beddington, Surrey, Jackson's early education was at Hillcrest School, Wallington (1916-19) and then at Whitgift Grammar School, Croydonfrom 1920-1928. He won an open scholarship to St John's College, Cambridgein 1928. He studied under Hector and Nora Chadwick, becoming fluent in six Celtic languages. At Cambridge he read Classicsand then studied the early cultures of the British Isles. He was then awarded a travelling scholarship during which he undertook study and fieldwork in Wales and Ireland. In the 1950s he spent his vacations recording dialects for the Linguistic Survey of Scotland.
Jackson returned to Cambridge in 1934 as a lecturer in Celtic. In 1939 he went to
Harvard Universityand was appointed an associate professor in 1940, being the first chair of the Department of Celtic Language and Literature. He undertook war service with the Uncommon Languages section of British censorship (where he said he learnt Japanese in three weeks). Afterwards he went back to Harvard, and became a full professor in 1948. He accepted the chair of Celtic Languages, History and Antiquities at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland (1950-1979).
While at Edinburgh Jackson published articles and books on the ancient
Celts, and the Dark Ages and Middle Ages, on all six modern Celtic languages, on folklore, placenames and dialects. A bibliography of his publications appears in "Studia Celtica" 14/14, pp 5-11 (1979-80). A selection of his publications is given below:
* 1935. "Studies in Early Celtic Nature Poetry", Cambridge: University Press.
* 1953. "Language and history in early Britain: A chronological survey of the Brittonic languages, first to twelfth century A.D.", Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press.
* 1955. "The Pictish Language" in F T Wainwright (ed) "The Problem of the Picts". Edinburgh.
* 1955. "Contributions to the study of Manx phonology", University of Edinburgh Linguistic Survey of Scotland Series.
* 1959. "The Arthur of History" "Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages", Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-811588-1.
* 1959. "Arthur in Early Welsh Verse" "Arthurian Literature in the Middle Ages", Oxford: Clarendon Press.
* 1961. "The international popular tale and early Welsh tradition" "The Gregynog Lectures, 1961", Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
* 1964. "The oldest Irish tradition: A window on the Iron Age", Cambridge: University Press. Reprinted 1999.
* 1967. "A Historical phonology of Breton",
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, ISBN 978-0901282538
* 1969. "The Gododdin: The Oldest Scottish poem", Edinburgh:University Press.
* 1972, etc. "A Celtic Miscellany : Translations from the Celtic Literature", Penguin Paperback. ISBN 0-14-044247-2. Poetry and prose from six Celtic languages, Welsh, Irish and Scottish Gaelic, Cornish, Breton and Manx.
* 1990. "Aislinge Meic Con Glinne", Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, ISBN 0-901282-94-4
Jackson was a Fellow of the
British Academy(elected 1957) and a Commissioner for the ancient and historical monuments of Scotland. He held honorary degrees from universities in England, Wales, Ireland and Brittany. He was awarded a CBEin 1985 for his work on Celtic studies. He was an Honorary Fellow of the Modern Language Association. He was a member of the Council of the English Placename Society for over forty years, being both Vice-President and then President.
He gave the John Rhys Lecture at the British Academy in 1953 on "Common Gaelic", and the 1964 Rede Lecture on "The Oldest Irish Tradition".
Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press.
* "Studia Celtica" 14-15, pp 1-11 (1979-80).
The English Placename Society Journal, Volume 23 pp 49-50 (1991).
* Studia Celtica 26-27, 202-212 (1991-92).
Proceedings of the British Academy80, pp 319-32 (1993 for 1991).
Nomina15, pp 127-29, 1991-2.
NAME=Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone
SHORT DESCRIPTION=British linguist
DATE OF BIRTH=1 November 1909
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=20 February 1991
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kenneth T. Jackson — Kenneth Terry Jackson (born 1939) is a professor of history and social sciences at Columbia University. A frequent television guest, he is best known as an urban historian and a preeminent authority on New York City, where he lives on the Upper… … Wikipedia
Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson — Kenneth Jackson Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1er novembre 1909 – 20 février 1991) a été un des plus éminents celtisants de sa génération. Il est né à Croydon, Angleterre. Il fit ses études sous la direction de Nora Kershaw… … Wikipédia en Français
Kenneth A. Jackson — ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker, ehemaliger Hochschullehrer und Fachbuchautor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Weblinks 4 Einzelnachweise … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kenneth Jackson — may refer to:*Kenneth H. Jackson (1909 1991), linguist specializing in the Brythonic languages *Kenneth T. Jackson (1939 ), historian specializing in New York City *Kenny Jackson (born 1962), former professional American football player *Kenny… … Wikipedia
Jackson (Familienname) — Jackson ist ein Familienname. Herkunft Der Name ist eine patronymische Bildung und bedeutet Sohn des Jack. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jackson Heights, Queens — Jackson Heights is a neighborhood in north western portion of the borough of Queens in New York City, USA. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 3. [ [http://www.nyc.gov/html/cau/html/cb/cb queens.shtml Queens Community Boards] , New … Wikipedia
Kenneth Jackson — Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1er novembre 1909 – 20 février 1991) a été un des plus éminents celtisants de sa génération. Il est né à Croydon, Angleterre. Biographie Il fit ses études sous la direction de Nora Kershaw Chadwick.… … Wikipédia en Français
Kenneth R. Timmerman — (born November 4, 1953 ) is a journalist, political writer, and conservative Republican activist who in 2000 was a candidate for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senator from Maryland. Timmerman is executive director of the Foundation for… … Wikipedia
Kenneth MacKay — Kenneth Hood MacKay, Jr. Kenneth Hood MacKay, Jr. (* 22. März 1933 in Ocala, Florida) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei und war 1998 bis 1999 der 42. Gouverneur von Florida. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kenneth MacKay, Jr. — Kenneth Hood MacKay, Jr. Kenneth Hood MacKay, Jr. (* 22. März 1933 in Ocala, Florida) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei und war 1998 bis 1999 der 42. Gouverneur von Florida. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia