Gloxinia (genus)

Taxobox
name = "Gloxinia"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Lamiales
familia = Gesneriaceae
genus = "Gloxinia"
genus_authority = L'Hér.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.

"Gloxinia" is a genus of three species of tropical rhizomatous herbs in the flowering plant family Gesneriaceae. The species are primarily found in the Andes of South America but "Gloxinia perennis" is also found in Central America and the West Indies, where it has probably escaped from cultivation.

"Gloxinia perennis" is the original (type) species of the genus and for much of its history the genus consisted of only "G. perennis" and a very small number of other species. However, most recent references on "Gloxinia" reflect the 1976 classification of Hans Wiehler, who took a broad view of the genus. A recent analysis of "Gloxinia" and related genera based on molecular and morphological work has determined that Wiehler's circumscription of the genus was unnatural, both phylogenetically and morphologically. The analyses demonstrated that the genera "Anodiscus" and "Koellikeria", each with a single species, were more closely related to "Gloxinia perennis" than were any of the other species included in "Gloxinia" by Wiehler, several of which proved to be more closely related to other genera (particularly "Diastema", "Monopyle", and "Phinaea"). As a result of this work, most of the species have been transferred to other genera while "Koellikeria erinoides" and "Anodiscus xanthophyllus" have been transferred into a much more narrowly defined "Gloxinia" consisting of only three species, all of them characterized by having a raceme-like flowering stem. The other species have been transferred to the existing genus "Monopyle", the resurrected genera "Mandirola" and "Seemannia", and the new genera "Gloxinella", "Gloxiniopsis", "Nomopyle", and "Sphaerorrhiza". "Gloxinia perennis" forms fertile hybrids with species of "Seemannia", which was the primary reason for uniting the two genera.

"Sinningia speciosa", a popular houseplant, was originally described and introduced to cultivation as "Gloxinia speciosa" and is still commonly known as "gloxinia".

;Species

*"Gloxinia perennis" has a wide range in Central and South America. The plant is an herb with large nodding, purple, mint-scented flowers. It is sometimes known as "Canterbury Bells" (not to be confused with members of the genus "Campanula", which go by the same name). It is cultivated in tropical regions and its original range is unknown.

*"Gloxinia erinoides" (syn. "Koellikeria erinoides") occurs from Costa Rica to Bolivia. The plant is a small herb with tiny white and maroon flowers. This diminutive plant is notable for having tiny but distinctly coconut-scented flowers and is occasionally cultivated as a houseplant.

*"Gloxinia xanthophylla" (syn. "Anodiscus xanthophyllus") occurs in Ecuador and Peru. The plant is a shrubby herb with small white flowers and is rarely encountered in cultivation. Unlike the other two species it lacks scaly rhizomes.

;Excluded species
*"Gloxinia burchellii" = "Sphaerorrhiza burchellii"
*"Gloxinia dodsonii" = "Nomopyle dodsonii"
*"Gloxinia gymnostoma" = "Seemannia gymnostoma"
*"Gloxinia ichthyostoma" = "Mandirola ichthyostoma"
*"Gloxinia lindeniana" = "Gloxinella lindeniana"
*"Gloxinia nematanthodes" = "Seemannia nematanthodes"
*"Gloxinia planalta" = "Mandirola multiflora"
*"Gloxinia purpurascens" = "Seemannia purpurascens"
*"Gloxinia racemosa" = "Gloxiniopsis racemosa"
*"Gloxinia reflexa" = "Monopyle reflexa"
*"Gloxinia rupestris" = "Mandirola rupestris"
*"Gloxinia sarmentiana" = "Sphaerorrhiza sarmentiana"
*"Gloxinia speciosa" = "Sinningia speciosa"
*"Gloxinia sylvatica" = "Seemannia sylvatica"

References and external links

*Roalson, E.H., J.K. Boggan, L.E., Skog, & E.A. Zimmer. 2005. Untangling the Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae). I. Phylogenetic patterns and generic boundaries inferred from nuclear, chloroplast, and morphological cladistic data sets. "Taxon" 54 (2): 389-410.
*Roalson, E.H., J.K. Boggan & L.E. Skog. 2005. Reorganization of tribal and generic boundaries in the Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae: Gesnerioideae) and the description of a new tribe in the Gesnerioideae, Sphaerorrhizeae. "Selbyana" 25 (2): 225-238.
*Wiehler, H. 1976. A report on the classification of "Achimenes", "Eucodonia", "Gloxinia", and "Anetanthus" (Gesneriaceae). "Selbyana" 1 (4): 374-404.

External links

* [http://www.botanik.univie.ac.at/morphology/genera_gesneriaceae/genera/gloxinia.htm "Anodiscus"] , [http://www.botanik.univie.ac.at/morphology/genera_gesneriaceae/genera/gloxinia.htm "Gloxinia"] , and [http://www.botanik.univie.ac.at/morphology/genera_gesneriaceae/genera/gloxinia.htm "Koellikeria"] from [http://www.botanik.univie.ac.at/morphology/genera_gesneriaceae/index.htm The Genera of Gesneriaceae]
* [http://gesneriads.ca/gendiagl.htm "Diastema", "Gloxinia", "Phinaea" and Related Intergenerics] from the [http://gesneriads.ca Gesneriad Reference Web]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gloxinia — can refer to: *The genus Gloxinia of flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae *The plant species Sinningia speciosa , formerly classified in the genus Gloxinia and still commonly known by that name, in the family Gesneriaceae *Creeping… …   Wikipedia

  • Gloxinia — Glox*in i*a, n. [NL.] (Bot.) American genus of herbaceous plants with very handsome bell shaped blossoms; named after B. P. Gloxin, a German botanist. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gloxinia — /glok sin ee euh/, n. 1. any of several horticultural varieties of a plant belonging to the genus Sinningia, of the gesneria family, esp. S. speciosa, having large white, red, or purple bell shaped flowers. 2. any plant of the genus Gloxinia, of… …   Universalium

  • genus Gloxinia — noun small genus of tropical American herbs with leafy stems and axillary flowers • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Gesneriaceae, ↑family Gesneriaceae, ↑gesneria family • Member Meronyms: ↑Canterbury bell …   Useful english dictionary

  • genus Sinningia — noun genus of perennial tuberous herbs and shrubs of Central and South America • Syn: ↑Sinningia • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Gesneriaceae, ↑family Gesneriaceae, ↑gesneria family …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gloxinia — ID 37549 Symbol Key GLOXI Common Name gloxinia Family Gesneriaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution PR Growth Habit N/A Dura …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Gloxinia perennis — noun herb of Colombia to Peru having pale purple flowers • Syn: ↑Canterbury bell • Hypernyms: ↑gloxinia • Member Holonyms: ↑genus Gloxinia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gloxinia spesiosa — noun South American herb cultivated in many varieties as a houseplant for its large handsome leaves and large variously colored bell shaped flowers • Syn: ↑florist s gloxinia, ↑Sinningia speciosa • Hypernyms: ↑gloxinia • Member Holonyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • gloxinia — noun Any of several South American plants (of the genus Gloxinia or Sinningia) that have showy, colourful flowers …   Wiktionary

  • Gloxinia perennis — ID 37550 Symbol Key GLPE3 Common Name Canterbury bells Family Gesneriaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution PR Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics


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