Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover


Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover

Ernest Augustus (German: "Ernst August"; Latin: "Ernestus Augustus"; 20 November 162923 January 1698) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Calenberg (or Hanover) subdivision of the duchy. He was appointed prince-elector, but died before the appointment became effective. He was also Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück.

Ernest Augustus was born at Herzberg am Harz, the son of George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (Ernest Augustus was descended from the Leopoldinian line of the Habsburg family and also the House of Hohenzollern). In 1658 he married Sophia of the Palatinate in Heidelberg. As the fourth son, he had little chance of succeeding his father as ruler, and so, in 1662, his relatives appointed him bishop of Osnabrück; according to the Peace of Westphalia, every second bishop of Osnabrück was to be appointed by the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg. However, after two of his elder brothers had died without sons, Ernest Augustus inherited part of his father's territories in 1679, namely Calenberg (including Göttingen).

In 1683, against the protestations of his five younger sons, Ernest Augustus installed primogeniture, so that his territory would not be further subdivided after his death, and also as a pre-condition for obtaining the coveted electorship. He participated in the Great Turkish War on the side of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1692 he was appointed prince-elector by the Emperor; however, the electorship did not come into effect until 1708. Ernest Augustus died in 1698 at Herrenhausen; he was succeeded as duke by his eldest son George Louis, who would later also become king of Great Britain.

Ancestry


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1= 1. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
2= 2. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3= 3. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
4= 4. William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
5= 5. Dorothea of Denmark
6= 6. Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
7= 7. Magdalena von Brandenburg
8= 8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
9= 9. Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
10= 10. Christian III of Denmark
11= 11. Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
12= 12. George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
13= 13. Magdalene of Lippe
14= 14. John George, Elector of Brandenburg
15= 15. Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
16= 16. Heinrich, Duke of Brünswick-Lüneburg
17= 17. Margarete of Saxony
18= 18. Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
19= 19. Ursula of Brandenburg
20= 20. Frederick I of Denmark
21= 21. Anna of Brandenburg
22= 22. Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
23= 23. Catherine of Braunschweig-Lüneburg
24= 24. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
25= 25. Christine of Saxony
26= 26. Bernhard VIII, Herr zur Lippe
27= 27. Katharina of Waldeck-Eisenberg
28= 28. Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg
29= 29. Magdalena of Saxony
30= 30. Joachim Ernst, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
31= 31. Agnes of Barby-Mühlingen

Children

* George Louis (28 May 1660-11 June 1727), King George I of Great Britain
* Friedrich Augustus (3 August 1661-31 December 1690); died at the Battle of St. Georgen
* Stillborn son (born and died February 1664)
* Maximilian Wilhelm (13 December 1666-16 July 1726)
* Stillborn son (born and died 13 December 1666); twin of Maximilian
* Sophia Charlotte (30 October 1668-21 January 1705), married King Frederick I of Prussia
* Karl Philipp (3 October 1669-31 December 1690); died at the Battle of Pristina
* Christian Heinrich (19 September 1671-31 July 1703); died during the Battle of Munderkingen when drowned in the Danube
* Ernest Augustus (7 September 1674-14 August 1728)


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