Francis Robortello

Francesco Robortello (Franciscus Robortellus, Udine 1516 – Padua 1567) was a Renaissance humanist, nicknamed "Canis grammaticus" ("the grammatical dog") for his confrontational and demanding manner. Robortello was an editor of rediscovered works of Antiquity, who taught philosophy and rhetoric, as well as ethics (following Aristotle), and Latin and Greek, roving from Padua through universities at Lucca, Pisa, Venice, Padua, and Bologna before finally returning to Padua in 1560.

Robortello's scientific approach to textual emendations laid the groundwork for modern Hermeneutics. His commentary on Aristotle's "Poetics" formed the basis for Renaissance and 17th century theories of comedy, influential in writing for the theatre everywhere save in England. At the same time he was the conservative Aristotelian philosopher who urged woman to submit her will to that of her husband on the basis of her moral weakness, a traditional viewpoint that stemmed from faulty reasoning powers, ancient formulas of misogyny, in his "libro politicos: Aristotelis disputatio" (Venice, 1552, p. 175, quoted Comensoli 1989).

He followed his "In librum Aristotelis de arte poetica explicationes" (1548), in which he emended the Latin version of Alessandro de’ Pazzi (published 1536) with a paraphrase of Horace's "Ars poetica" and with explications of genres missing in the surviving text of Aristotle: "De Satyra", "De Epigrammate", "De Comoedia", "De Salibus", "De Elegia."

In the fields of philology and history he sustained controversies in print with Carlo Sigonio and Vincenzo Maggi in the form of essay-like "orations", correcting the editions published in Venice by Aldus Manutius, and even philological missteps of Erasmus. These brief essays were collected and published at intervals [http://www.polybiblio.com/mediolan/19740.html] [http://www.comune.empoli.fi.it/biblioteca/CATALOGO/schede/sch319.html] . A convention of surveys of Italian liguistics (Gensini 1993) is to start with Robortello.

At Padua in the 1550s one of his pupils was Giacomo Zabarella. Another pupil was Jan Kochanowski, a poet who wrote both in Polish and Latin and introduced the ideas, forms and spirit of the Renaissance into Polish literature.

Main works

*"De historica facultate disputatio" (alternatively as "De arte historica"), 1548; 1567. An incunable of historiography.
*"De rhetorica facultate", 1548
*"In Aristotelis poeticam explicationes", Florence 1548, 2nd edition 1555. Reinterpreting Aristotle's "Poetics" for the humanist.
*"Dionysi Longini rhetoris praestantissimi liber de grandi sive sublimiorationis genere ... cum adnotationibus", Basel 1554. Recovering the lost literary criticism of Longinus, "On the Sublime".
*"Thesaurus criticus", 1557, second edition, 1604
*"De arte, sive ratione corrigendi antiquorum libros disputatio," Florence 1548; [ [http://www.polybiblio.com/mediolan/19740.html "Firenze, Lorenzo Torrentino, 1548"] ] 2nd edition 1562 This "Lecture on the art and method of correcting the books of the old writers" was one of the first critical discussions of the methodologies to apply in correcting texts of Antiquity.
*"De artificio dicendi" 1567. A textbook of rhetoric.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/philo/galerie/neuzeit/robort.htm Franciscus Robortellus (Francesco Robortello)] de icon
* [http://www.italica.rai.it/rinascimento/parole_chiave/schede/robortellofranc.htm Italica: Rinascimento" Francesco Robortello] it icon
* [http://www.geocities.com/magdamun/dekkercomensoli.html Viviana Comensoli, "Gender and Eloquence in Dekker's "The Honest Whore", Part II,"] note.
* [http://www.theatredatabase.com/16th_century/italian_dramatic_criticism_of_the_renaissance.html Theaterbase: Barret H. Clark, Italian Dramatic Criticism of the Renaissance] . Context of Robortello's works.

References

*Ryan, E. E. "Robortello and Maggi on Aristotle's Theory of Catharsis". in "Rinascimento XXII" (1982) pp 263-273.

Further reading

*María José Vega, "La formación de la teoría de la comedia: Francesco Robortello".
*Edward John Kenney, 1974 "The Classical Text: Aspects of Editing in the Age of the Printed Book" (University of California), 1974), especially pp 29-36.


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