Jean-François Rewbell


Jean-François Rewbell

Jean-François Rewbell (October 8, 1747—November 23, 1807) was a French lawyer, diplomat, and politician of the Revolution.

The revolutionary

Born at Colmar (now in the "département" of Haut-Rhin), he became president of the local order of lawyers, and in 1789 was elected as a deputy to the Estates-General by the Third Estate of the "bailliage" of Colmar-Schlestadt.

In the National Constituent Assembly his oratory, legal knowledge and austerity of life gave him much influence. A partisan of revolutionary reforms, Rewbell voted in favor of reforms such as the "Civil Constitution of the Clergy", but opposed the recognition citizenship rights for Alsatian Jews.

In July 1791, after the flight of Louis XVI, the constitutional king, Rewbell left the Jacobin Club and joined the "Feuillants". During the session of the Legislative Assembly, after the Constituent Assembly was dissolved in September of that year, he exercised the functions of "procureur syndic", and was subsequently secretary-general of the "département" of Haut-Rhin. He was elected to the Republic's National Convention in 1792, and was its envoy to the Rhineland, advocating the union of the Palatinate and other territories with France. A zealous promoter of the trial of Louis XVI, he was absent on mission at the time of the king's condemnation.

Directorate and retirement

He took part in the Thermidorian Reaction movement which led to the fall of Maximilien Robespierre, and became a member of the reorganised Committee of Public Safety and of the Committee of General Security. In early 1795, he assisted Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès in negotiating the surrender of the Batavian Republic to the His moderation caused his election by seventeen "département" to the Council of Five Hundred.

Appointed a member of the Directory in November 1795, he became its president in 1796; he then entered the Council of Ancients. In office, Rewbell dealt with the Royalist attempted "coup d'état" (The 18 Fructidor), as well as the "Conspiracy of the Equals"; he engineered the annexation of Rhenania and the southern Low Countries to the Republic, as well as the invasion of Switzerland (and the creation of the Helvetic Republic), but was retired by ballot in 1799, after being held responsible for the French in front of the Second Coalition. After Napoleon Bonaparte's coup of 18 Brumaire he retired from public life, and died at Colmar.

References

*L. Sciout, "Le Directoire" (Paris, 1895—97).


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  • Jean-François Rewbell — Jean François Reubell Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reubell. Jean François Reubell ou Rewbell, né le 6 octobre 1747 à Colmar et mort le 24 novembre 1807 à Colmar, est un homme politique français. Fils d un notaire de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Francois Rewbell — Jean François Reubell (Rewbell) (* 6. Oktober 1747 in Colmar; † 23. November 1807 in Colmar) war ein französischer Revolutionär und von 1795 bis 1799 Mitglied des Direktoriums. Leben Jean François Reubell wurde als Sohn eines Rechtsanwalts… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-François Rewbell — Jean François Reubell (Rewbell) (* 6. Oktober 1747 in Colmar; † 23. November 1807 in Colmar) war ein französischer Revolutionär und von 1795 bis 1799 Mitglied des Direktoriums. Leben Jean François Reubell wurde als Sohn eines Rechtsanwalts… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Francois Reubell — Jean François Reubell Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reubell. Jean François Reubell ou Rewbell, né le 6 octobre 1747 à Colmar et mort le 24 novembre 1807 à Colmar, est un homme politique français. Fils d un notaire de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-françois reubell — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reubell. Jean François Reubell ou Rewbell, né le 6 octobre 1747 à Colmar et mort le 24 novembre 1807 à Colmar, est un homme politique français. Fils d un notaire de Colmar, il fait ses études… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Jean-François Reubell — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reubell. Gravure représentant Jean François Rewbell, parue dans l Histoire de la Révolution d Adolphe Thiers. Jean François Reubell ou Rewbell, né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Francois Reubell — Jean François Reubell (Rewbell) (* 6. Oktober 1747 in Colmar; † 23. November 1807 in Colmar) war ein französischer Revolutionär und von 1795 bis 1799 Mitglied des Direktoriums. Leben Jean François Reubell wurde als Sohn eines Rechtsanwalts… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-François Reubell — (Rewbell) (* 6. Oktober 1747 in Colmar; † 23. November 1807 in Colmar) war ein französischer Revolutionär und von 1795 bis 1799 Mitglied des Direktoriums. Leben Jean François Reubell wurde als Sohn eines Rechtsanwalts geboren. Er ergriff den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean François Reubell — (Rewbell) (* 6. Oktober 1747 in Colmar; † 23. November 1807 in Colmar) war ein französischer Revolutionär und von 1795 bis 1799 Mitglied des Direktoriums. Leben Jean François Reubell Jean François Reubell wurde als Sohn eines Rechtsanwalt …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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