Infobox Sporting Event Organization
name = Gay Games
size = 250px
caption = The Federation of Gay Games logo
abbreviation = FGG
motto = Participation
formation = 1982 - San Francisco
recurrence = 4 years
last = 2006 - Chicago
purpose = "To foster and augment self-respect of
lesbians and gaymen throughout the world and to engender respect and understanding from the nongay world." [ [http://www.gaygames.com/en/federation/purpose.htm] ]
leader_title = Co-Presidents
leader_name = Sion O'Connor, Emy Ritt
website = [http://www.gaygames.com/en/federation/index.htm Gaygames.com/en]
The Gay Games is the world's largest sporting and cultural event organized by and specifically for
LGBTathletes, artists, musicians, and others. Originally called the "Gay Olympics," it was started in San Franciscoin 1982, as the brainchild of Tom Waddell, whose goals were to promote the spirit of inclusion and participation, as well as the pursuit of personal growth in a sporting event.
The Gay Games is open to all who wish to participate, without regard to sexual orientation. There are no qualifying standards to compete in the Gay Games. It brings together people from all over the world, many from countries where
homosexualityremains illegal and hidden.
Federation of Gay Gamesis the sanctioning body of the Gay Games. From its statement of concept and purpose:
Gay Games host cities, opening dates, and participation levels
Dr. Tom Waddell, the doctor and former Olympian who helped found the Gay Games, intended the Gay Games to be called the "Gay Olympics," but a lawsuit filed less than three weeks before 1982's inaugural Gay Olympics forced the name change.cite news |first=Savannah |last=Blackwell |url=http://www.sfbg.com/News/35/49/49olysb2.html |title=Crushing the Gay Olympics: The USOC's homophobic past |publisher=San Francisco Bay Guardian |date=
Event organizers were sued by the
International Olympic Committee(IOC) and the United States Olympic Committee(USOC) under the U.S. Amateur Sports Act of 1978, which gave the USOC exclusive rights to the word "Olympic" in the United States. Defendants of the lawsuit contended that the law was capriciously applied and that if the Nebraska Rat Olympics and the Police Olympics did not face similar lawsuits, neither should the Gay Olympics.cite news |first=Joe |last=Clark |url=http://www.joeclark.org/glory.html |title=Glory of the Gay Games |date=1994 |accessdate=2006-01-04]
Some, like Jeff Sheehy, coauthor of San Francisco's domestic partner legislation and former president of the
Harvey Milk Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgendered Democratic Club, believed homophobiato be a motivation behind the lawsuit. They cite the authorized use of the word "Olympics" by the Special Olympicsand other organizations as evidence of this homophobia.
Others, like Daniel Bell, cite the IOC's long history of protecting the Olympics brand as evidence that the lawsuit against the "Gay Olympics" was not motivated by discrimination against gays. Since 1910 the IOC has taken action, including lawsuits and expulsion from the IOC, to stop other organizations from using the word "Olympics."cite web |author=Bell, Daniel |year=1998 |url=http://www.internationalgames.net/topics/gayolympics.htm |title=Why can't the Gay Games be the Gay Olympics? |publisher=International Games Archive |accessdate=2006-01-04 ]
Schism in LGBT sports communities over Gay Games VII
In 2001, the
Federation of Gay Games(FGG) awarded the seventh edition of the Gay Games to Montréal, Canadafor 2006, but the FGG removed its sanction in late 2003 after differences arose between it and the Montréal 2006 organizing committee. There were three main points of contention, over which neither party could agree:
* Size of the event
* Size of the budget — especially the planned break-even participation point
* Financial transparencyThe FGG wanted to plan for a smaller event with a more conservative budget and, the Montréal organizing committee wanted to plan for an event with 24,000 participants, twice the level of participation of the previous Gay Games in 2002. Due to financial problems in previous events, the FGG also asked for transparency into Montréal 2006's financial activities.
After withdrawal of its sanction from Montréal, the FGG held a second round of bidding between Chicago and Los Angeles, both of which had put forth well-received bids to host the 2006 games in the first round in 2002. Ultimately, the FGG awarded
Gay Games VIIto Chicago.
The Montréal organizing committee nevertheless decided to proceed to hold an athletic and cultural event without the sanction of the FGG; this plan developed into the first edition of the
World Outgames, and the creation of its sanctioning body, the Gay and Lesbian International Sport Association.
Due to limited personal resources, many individual and team participants were forced to choose between Gay Games Chicago and World Outgames Montréal, a situation exacerbated by the two events being a week apart. The closing ceremony of Gay Games Chicago on 22 July 2006 was only 7 days before the opening ceremony of World Outgames Montréal on 29 July 2006. This meant that those who competed or performed in Chicago would have little recovery time before Montréal. The split resulted in a lower quality of athletic competition at both events because neither could claim the whole field of competitors. In this regard, competitors in team sports fared the worst because teams were much less likely (relative to competitors in individual sports) to compete in both the Gay Games and World Outgames.There was some advantages to the games being so close together time wise and location wise. For overseas participants that had to travel far the convenience of the games being only a week apart and not far form each other, enabled those participants to attend both.
It is yet to be seen whether the worldwide communities of LGBT athletes are willing and able to support both the Gay Games and World Outgames into the future. The Chicago Gay Games VII ended with no debt and all bills paid. The Montreal Outgames ended with 5.3M Canadian dollars of debt.
Gay Games VIII: Cologne 2010
16 March 2005, the Federation of Gay Games announced that Cologne, Johannesburg, and Pariswere the official candidate cities for Gay Games VIII in 2010. Cologne was elected in the FGG annual meeting in Chicago on 14 November 2005.
* Cities which hosted Gay Games (c.q. World Outgames) have some Olympic tradition and/or facilities have been used. The Games have not been held during an Olympic Year.
* Host cities intentionally switch between the (Northern-)American and the (Western-)
European continents.fact|date=July 2008 ( Sydney2006 was the first in the Southern Hemisphere)
* The second World Outgames will take place in
Copenhagenfrom 25 July to 2 August 2009.
* the 3rd World Outgames are foreseen in 2013. Among others is
Antwerp( Belgium) one of the candidate-cities
* the IX Gay Games will probably been organised in 2014. Among others is
Antwerp( Belgium) one of the candidate-cities
Federation of Gay Games, the sanctioning body of the Gay Games
Gay Games VIIChicago 2006
* EuroGames is an event similar to the Gay Games. Whereas Gay Games is a global event, Eurogames is primarily European.
European Gay and Lesbian Sport Federation, the sanctioning body of the EuroGames
World Outgames, sanctioned by the Gay and Lesbian International Sport Association
* [http://www.gaygameschicago.org/ Gay Games Chicago 2006]
* [http://www.gaygamescologne.com/ Gay Games Cologne 2010]
* [http://www.gaygames.org/ Federation of Gay Games]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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