Baston

Baston is a parish on the edge of The Fens and in the administrative district of South Kesteven, Lincolnshire, England. Like most fen-edge parishes, it was laid out more than a thousand years ago, in an elongated form, so as to afford the produce of a variety of habitats for the villagers. The village itself lies along the road between King Street, a road built apparently, in the second century and Baston Fen which is on the margin of the much bigger, Deeping Fen. Until the nineteenth century, the heart of Deeping Fen was a common fen on which all the surrounding villages had rights of turbary, fowling, pasture and so on.

Baston is also a family name which probably has a separate origin.

Geology

The parish lies on a fan of gravel from the Devensian glacial period, which spreads from the upland mouth of the valley of the River Welland, to the east of Stamford, Lincolnshire. There are consequently two main forms of business in the parish: arable farming and gravel extraction. The flooded gravel pits subsequently lend themselves to development for leisure pursuits such as angling, birdwatching and watersports. The gravel was washed down from the tundra environment to the west and deposited in the periglacial lake, known as Lake Fenland, below the icy waters of which, the site of Baston then lay.

Geography

Geographically, in the fen, the parish's northern boundary lies on the River Glen, beyond which is Thurlby. To the south, is Langtoft and beyond King Street, in the west is Greatford.

History

Baston's story begins with King Street and the Car Dyke, a Roman boundary marker, canal or catchwater drain, according to one's opinion. Another significant Roman feature of Baston is the Roman road leading across the fen towards Spalding (Margary 261). Part of the modern fen road follows it.

At the end of the village, near King Street was an Anglian cemetery which was in use up to about the year 500. This coincides as nearly as can be told, with the date of the beginning of Arthur's exploits as reported by the Historia Brittonum, when Arthur fought his first battle at the mouth of the River Glen and stopped the spread of Anglo-Saxon settlement for fifty years.

Like most places in Europe, Baston suffered from visits from the plague. A few of its victims in Baston are listed [http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3FNQ346.htm#Baston here] .

port

In 2002, a group of local residents decided that the village needed an area where a range of sports could be conducted. The cost of a sports hall was thought to be prohibitive, so the project was focused on a multi-use sports and skateboarding area. Following a village wide survey, which had a 37% return rate, a public meeting was held in June 2002. As a result of both the survey and public meeting, it was decided that there was a mandate from the village to progress the project. Consequently, B-Active was formed as a sub-committee of the BPFMC.

As part of this the Baston Football Club was formed in 2006 by Samuel Spry, with help from what was going to be the basis of the squad, including Charles Clare, and joined the Grantham & District Saturday Afternoon League.

Local administration

*For the purpose of electing councillors for South Kesteven District Council, the parish forms part of Truesdale ward, which elects two councillors. [http://moderngov.skdc.com/mgUserInfo.asp?UID=914 1] [http://moderngov.skdc.com/mgUserInfo.asp?UID=934&J=2 2]
* Details of the Parish Council are given [http://www.bourneonline.co.uk/pp/parish/detail.asp?id=72 here] .

References

*Mayes, P. & Dean, M.J. "An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Baston Lincolnshire" The Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. (1976) ISBN 0-904680-05-3
*Phillips, C.W. ed. "The Fenland in Roman Times" Royal Geographical Society (1970)

External links

* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Baston/ Baston historical summary (UK & Ireland Genealogy page]
* [http://boar.org.uk/ariwxe3Baston(home.htm Links to articles and documents concerning Baston's history]


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  • baston — BASTON. s. m. Brin de bois qu on peut tenir à la main, servant à divers usages. Gros baston. baston noueux. baston pour brusler. baston de fagot. baston de coteret. il n y a pas ceans un baston de bois. s appuyer sur un baston. marcher avec un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • baston — Baston, m. acut. Ores que le Languedoc et peuples adjacens, l Espagnol mesmes et l Italien l escrivent et prononcent par S. baston, bastone: Si est ce qu il vient de Batuo Latin, qui signifie batre et frapper, comme sont aussi tous ces mots,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • baston — BASTÓN, bastoane, s.n. Bucată de lemn lungă (cam de un metru) şi subţire, de obicei curbată la un capăt, care se poate ţine în mână şi are diverse utilizări. ♢ Baston de mareşal = un fel de baston scurt, purtat de un mareşal. ♦ Lovitură dată cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Bastón — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bastón (desambiguación). Retrato de hombre con bastón El bastón es una especie de vara hecha de madera (aunque también de otros materiales) que se lleva en la man …   Wikipedia Español

  • baston — [ bastɔ̃ ] n. m. ou f. • 1926; déverbal de bastonner « cogner, frapper » ♦ Arg. Bagarre. ⇒ castagne. Il y a eu du baston à la sortie du bal. Une sacrée baston. ● baston nom masculin ou féminin (ancienne forme de bâton) Argot. Bagarre provoquée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bastón — sustantivo masculino 1. Palo de madera o metal con empuñadura, generalmente pulido o trabajado, que se usa para apoyarse al andar: bastón con empuñadura de plata. Su abuelo necesita el bastón para andar. 2. Palo usado por algunas autoridades como …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • bastón — (De or. inc.); cf. it. bastone, fr. bâton). 1. m. Vara, por lo común con puño y contera y más o menos pulimento, que sirve para apoyarse al andar. 2. Insignia de mando o de autoridad, generalmente de caña de Indias. 3. En el arte de la seda, palo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • bastón — m. oftalm. Fotorreceptor de la retina del ojo de los vertebrados que responde a iluminaciones de baja intensidad pero no posee la capacidad de detectar los colores, misión que corresponde a los conos. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • Baston — Bas ton (b[a^]s t[u^]n), n. [OF. baston, F. b[^a]ton, LL. basto. See {Bastion}, and cf. {Baton}, and 3d {Batten}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A staff or cudgel. [Obs.] To fight with blunt bastons. Holland. [1913 Webster] 2. (Her.) See {Baton}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bašton — bàštōn (bàštūn) m <G baštóna> DEFINICIJA 1. u talijanskim igraćim kartama simbol štapa, palice; bastun 2. štapić u tabli, »red« čokolade ETIMOLOGIJA mlet. bastòn, tal. bastone ≃ fr. bastonnade: batinjanje …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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