Azemmour


Azemmour

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Azemmour
other_name = Azamor
native_name = أزمور‎
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mapsize = 200px
map_caption = Location of Azemmour in Morocco
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Morocco
subdivision_type1 = administrative region
subdivision_name1 = Greater Casablanca
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settlement_type = Town
population_total = approx. 40000
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latd=33 |latm=17 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=8 |longm=20 |longs= |longEW=W
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Azemmour or Azamor ( _ar. أزمور; from Berber "azemmur", i.e. "The Olives") is a Moroccan city, on the left bank of the Oum Er-Rbia River, 75 km southwest of Casablanca. Although it was a dependency of the King of Fez, Azemmour had great autonomy. In 1486 its inhabitants became vassals and tributaries of John II of Portugal. Manuel I of Portugal confirmed the treaty in 1497 and the city paid 10 000 "savéis" every year. Later, unrest started to grow and thus Manuel sent a small fleet commanded by João de Meneses to conquer the city in 1508.

In 1513 Azemmour's governor Moulay Zayam refused to pay the tribute and mustered a powerful, well-equipped army. Manuel responded to this challenge by sending a massive fleet of five hundred ships and fifteen thousand soldiers (Bergreen, 19). James, Duke of Braganza led this army and on September 1 he conquered the city with no resistance from its inhabitants. Ferdinand Magellan, the man famed for leading the first-ever circumnavigation of the earth, was among the Portuguese soldiers there and lost his horse in skirmishes outside the city. However, Portuguese control of the city lasted for a short period as it was abandoned by John III of Portugal in 1541 due to economic difficulties.

The Azemmour Festival is held annually on July.

Azemmour's beach, referred to locally as Azemmour Plage, is a place for surfing and kitesurfing. [ [http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Africa/Morocco/Province_d_El_Jadida/Azemmour-2117651/Things_To_Do-Azemmour-BR-1.html Azemmour Things To Do - Travel Guides] , VirtualTourist.com] [ [http://www.azamasurfing.co.nr Azemmour Plage] ]

ee also

* Battle of Azemmour

ources

* Laurence Bergreen - Over the Edge of the World. (New York: Perennial, 2003)

References


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