Solly Zuckerman, Baron Zuckerman

Infobox Scientist
name =Solly Zuckerman, Baron Zuckerman
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image_width = 150px
caption = Solly Zuckerman
birth_date =birth date|1904|5|30
birth_place =Cape Town, South Africa.
death_date =death date and age|1993|4|1|1904|5|30
death_place =
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citizenship =
nationality =
ethnicity =
field =zoology, anatomy
work_institutions =Oxford University
Birmingham University
University of East Anglia
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
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author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = OM KCB FRS
religion =
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Solly Zuckerman, Baron Zuckerman OM KCB FRS (May 30, 1904 - April 1, 1993) was a UK public servant, zoologist, and scientific advisor.

He was born in Cape Town, South Africa. Zuckerman began his career at the London Zoological Society in 1928, and worked as a research anatomist until 1932.

During World War II, he performed several research projects for the British government including the impact of bombing on people and buildings and an assessment of the bombardment (Operation Corkscrew) of the Italian island of Pantellaria in 1943. After the war Zuckerman was professor of anatomy at Birmingham University (1946-68). Sir Solly was chief scientific adviser to the Ministry of Defence in 1960, and subsequently chief scientific adviser to the British government (1964 to 1971).

Zuckerman was against the developments of the nuclear arms race. This opposition began with his experience during World War II. He taught at 3 different universities:

# Oxford University (1934-1945)
# Birmingham University (1946-1968)
# University of East Anglia (1969-1974).

He also served as the secretary of the Zoological Society of London from 1955 to 1977 and as its President from 1977 to 1984.

Some of his achievements include becoming a pioneer in the study of primate behaviour. He is also credited for making science a normal part of government policy in the Western world.

His more notable publications include "The Social Life of Monkeys and Apes" published in 1931, and "Scientists and War" in 1966. Zuckerman wrote two volumes of autobiography: "From Apes to Warlords" and "Monkeys Men and Missiles". He was awarded a life peerage as Baron Zuckerman, of Burnham Thorpe in the County of Norfolk in 1971.

References

*Citation
id = PMID:16769561
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16769561
last=Burt
first=Jonathan
publication-date=2006 Jun
year=2006
title=Solly Zuckerman: the making of a primatological career in Britain, 1925-1945.
volume=37
issue=2
periodical=Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
pages=295-310
doi = 10.1016/j.shpsc.2006.03.007

*Citation
id = PMID:11615365
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11615365
last=Krohn
first=P L
publication-date=1995
year=1995
title=Solly Zuckerman, Baron Zuckerman, of Burnham Thorpe. O.M.,K.C.B. - 30 May 1904--1 April 1993.
volume=41
issue=
periodical=Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain)
pages=575-98

External links

* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jzuckerman.htm Biography]


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