Federal district

Federal district

Federal districts are a type of administrative division of a country, under the direct control of that country's federal government.

United States

The seat of the U.S. federal government in Washington is a federal district known as the District of Columbia. In addition, the U.S. government has several other kinds of "federal districts" which are not specifically related to a capital city:

*The federal court system divides each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, into one or more federal judicial districts. A United States district court and a bankruptcy court are located in each. There are also regional federal judicial circuits, each consisting of a group of states (except for the District of Columbia Circuit, which consists only of the federal district); Puerto Rico and the United States territorial courts are also assigned to circuits. Each circuit has a United States court of appeals.
*The U.S. central bank, the Federal Reserve, consists of twelve banks located around the country; each of these banks serves a Federal Reserve district.


In Malaysia, the term Federal Territory (Malay: "Wilayah Persekutuan)" is used for the three territories governed directly by the federal government, namely Kuala Lumpur (national capital), Putrajaya (federal government administrative centre) and Labuan Island (international offshore financial centre).

Latin America

The term "Distrito Federal", meaning "Federal District" in both the Spanish and Portuguese languages, is used to refer to:

* Argentine Capital District, known as "Autonomous City of Buenos Aires" since 1996.
* Brazilian Federal District
* Mexican Federal District
* Venezuelan Capital District


In India, the term Union Territory is used for the six territories governed directly by the federal national government, namely - Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep and Pondicherry.

Other uses

There are seven Federal districts of Russia, which function as an additional administrative layer between other subdivisions and the Russian Federation as a whole. But these have nothing to do with the territory surrounding a capital city.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Federal District — a district in which the national government of a country is located, esp. one in Latin America. Spanish, Portuguese, Distrito Federal. * * * ▪ district, Mexico Spanish  Distrito Federal (D.F.)    administrative district, central Mexico, the seat… …   Universalium

  • Federal District — geographical name 1. (or Portuguese Distrito Federal) district E central Brazil including capital city of Brasília area 2245 square miles (5814 square kilometers), population 1,596,174 2. see Distrito Federal 3 3. see Distrito Federal 4 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • federal district — noun Date: circa 1934 a district set apart as the seat of the central government of a federation …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Federal District buildings — The twin buildings on the south side of the Zocalo in Mexico City with Avenida 20 de Noviembre running between them are both offices of the governing authority of the Federal District or Mexico City. The one to the west of 20 de Noviembre is the… …   Wikipedia

  • federal district court — noun Date: 1948 a district trial court of law and equity that hears cases under federal jurisdiction …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • federal district court. — See district court (def. 2). [1930 35] * * * …   Universalium

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  • Brazilian Federal District —   Federal district   The city seen from the subway station of Águas Claras …   Wikipedia

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  • Head of Government of the Federal District — The Head of Government ( es. Jefe de Gobierno) wields executive power in the Mexican Federal District. The Head of Government serves a six year term, running concurrently with that of the President of the Republic.The federal district, or D.F.,… …   Wikipedia

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