Carthaginian Peace refers to a
peacebrought about through the total destruction of the enemy.
The term refers to the outcome of a series of wars between
Romeand the Phoenician city of Carthage, known as the Punic Wars. The two empires fought three separate wars against each other, beginning in 264 BCand ending in 146 BC.
At the end of the
Third Punic War, the Romans laid siege to Carthage. When they took the city, they killed most of the inhabitants, sold the rest into slavery, and destroyed the entire city. Some accounts also have it that they sowed the ground with salt so that nothing could ever grow there again, though this is probably only a legend. As Tacitussaid in a different context, "they make a wasteland and call it peace."
By extension, the term "Carthaginian Peace" can refer to any brutal peace treaty demanding total subjugation of the defeated side.
Modern use of the term is often extended to any peace settlement in which the peace terms are overly harsh and designed to perpetuate the inferiority of the loser. Thus many (the economist
John Maynard Keynesamong them) deemed the Treaty of Versaillesto be a "Carthaginian Peace." The Morgenthau Plan, which was dropped in favor of the Marshall Plan(1948 - 1952), might be described as a Carthaginian Peace, as it advocated the 'pastoralization' (de-industrialization) of Germany following her 1945 defeat in World War II.
Lucius D. Clay, deputy to general Dwight D. Eisenhowerwho in 1945 was military governor of the U.S. occupation Zone in Germany, and who would go on to replace Eisenhower as governor and as commander in chief, U.S. Forces in Europe, would later remark regarding the occupation directive guiding his and General Eisenhower's actions in occupied Germany: "there was no doubt that JCS 1067contemplated the Carthaginian peace which dominated our operations in Germany during the early months of occupation." [A Nation at War in an Era of Strategic Change, p.129 ( [http://books.google.com/books?id=3l7U7Mgmy80C&pg=PA129&lpg=PA129&dq=there+was+no+doubt+that+JCS+1067+contemplated+the+Carthaginian+peace+which+dominated+our+operations+in+Germany+during+the+early+months+of+occupation&source=web&ots=0DA1V0w7WA&sig=dSd7upp-P4OlW28bBQKnsKXbBxk&hl=it&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result#PPA129,M1 Google Books] )]
Debellatio, the end of a war caused by complete destruction of a hostile state.
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carthaginian peace — noun Usage: usually capitalized C : a treaty of peace so severe that it means the virtual destruction of the defeated contestant * * * 1. the treaty by which Rome reduced Carthage to the status of a puppet state in 201 B.C. 2. any brutal peace… … Useful english dictionary
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Carthaginian — I noun a native or inhabitant of ancient Carthage • Hypernyms: ↑African • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Hannibal, ↑Hasdrubal • Member Holonyms: ↑Carthage II … Useful english dictionary
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