Glauber is a discovery system, a type of artificial intelligence used to discover new scientific theories based on empirical evidence and the systematic measurement of related data. It is named after Johann Rudolph Glauber, a chemist in the 17th century whose work helped to develop acid-base theory.

Glauber was designed by Pat Langley as part of his work on discovery heuristics in an attempt to have a computer automatically review a host of values and characteristics and make independent analyses from them. In the case of Glauber, the goal was to have an autonomous application that could estimate or even perfectly describe the nature of a given chemical compound by comparing it to related substances. Langley formalized and compiled Glauber in 1983.

The software was supplied information about a variety of materials as they had been described by 18th century chemists, before most of modern chemical knowledge had been uncovered or invented. Qualitative descriptions like taste, rather than numerical data such as molecular weight, were programmed into the application. Chemical reactions that were known in that era and the distinction between reactants and products were also provided. From this knowledge, Glauber was to figure out which substances were acids, bases, and salts without any quantitative information. The system examined chemical substances and all of their most likely reactions and correlates the expected taste and related acidity or saltiness according to the rule that acids and bases produce salts.

Glauber was a very successful advance in theoretical chemistry as performed by computer, and it, along with similar systems developed by Herbert Simon including Stahl (which examines oxidation) and DALTON (which calculates atomic weight) helped form the groundwork of all current automated chemical analysis.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gláuber — Spielerinformationen Voller Name Leandro Honorato Gláuber Berti Geburtstag 5. August 1983 Geburtsort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Glauber — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Hans Glauber (1933–2008), südtiroler Künstler, Soziologe und Bergsteiger Honorato Gláuber (* 1983), brasilianischer Fußballspieler Johann Rudolph Glauber (1604–1670), deutscher Apotheker und Chemiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GLAUBER (J. R.) — GLAUBER JOHANN RUDOLPH (1604 1670) Chimiste allemand, né à Karlstadt, en Bavière, considéré, en raison de ses vastes connaissances, comme un des «pères de la chimie». Johann Rudolph Glauber vit successivement à Vienne, à Salzbourg, à Francfort et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glauber — Glauber, 1) Johann Rudolf, geb. 1604 in Karlsstadt; war Arzt u. bes. Alchemist, lebte in den Niederlanden, dann in Salzburg, Kitzingen, Frankfurt a.M., Köln, zuletzt in Holland u. st. 1638 in Amsterdam; er machte in der Chemie mehrere wichtige… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Glauber — Glauber, 1) Johann Rudolf, Arzt und Chemiker, geb. 1604 zu Karlstadt in Franken, lebte in Wien, Salzburg, Frankfurt a. M., Köln und etwa seit 1648 in Holland, wo er 1668 in Amsterdam starb. Seine angeblichen Geheimnisse, namentlich ein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Glauber — Glauber, Joh. Rud., Chemiker und Arzt, geb. 1604 zu Karlstadt in Franken, gest. 1668 in Amsterdam, verbesserte die Herstellung der Säuren und Salze, schrieb: »Furni novi philosophici« u.a., »Opera omnia« (1661) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Glauber — Glauber, Johann Rudolf …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Glauber — Glauber,   Johann Rudolph, Chemiker und Apotheker, * Karlstadt 1604, ✝ Amsterdam 10. 3. 1670; erwarb, auf alchimistischer Überlieferung fußend, seine Kenntnisse als Autodidakt; er stellte neue Substanzen dar, verbesserte chemische Apparate und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Glauber — /glowˈbər or glöˈbər/ ● glauberite …   Useful english dictionary

  • Glauber's — Glauber s) ● glauberite …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.