Jumbo The Elephant (
1861- September 15, 1885) was a very large African bush elephant, born 1861 in French Sudan, imported to a Pariszoo, transferred to the London Zooin 1865, and sold in 1882 to P. T. Barnum, for the circus. The giant elephant's name has spawned the common word "jumbo" as meaning large in size. Jumbo has long been the official mascot of Tufts University.
The elephant Jumbo was born in 1861 in the
French Sudan, whence he was imported to Franceand kept in the old Zoo" Jardin des Plantes", near the railway station Gare d'Austerlitzin Paris. In 1865 he was transferred to the London Zoo, where he became famous for giving rides to visitors. Children rode on Jumbo's back during his stay at the London Zoo. The London zookeepers gave Jumbo his name; it is likely a variation of one of two Swahiliwords: " jambo" (which means "hello") or "jumbe" (which means "chief").
Jumbo was sold in 1882 to
P. T. Barnum, owner of "The Greatest Show on Earth" (the Barnum & Bailey Circus), for (US) $10,000. When Barnum had offered to buy Jumbo, 100,000 school children wrote to Queen Victoriabegging her not to sell him.
Jumbo's height, estimated to be 3.25 metres (11 ft) in the London Zoo, was claimed to be approximately 4 metres (13 ft) by the time of his death. Jumbo died at a train
marshalling yardin St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada, where he was crushed by a locomotive. A life-size statue of the elephant in St. Thomas commemorates the tragedy. Many metallic objects were found in the elephant's stomach, including pennies, nickels, dimes, keys, and rivets. Barnum afterwards told the story that Jumbo died saving a young circus elephant, Tom Thumb, from being hit by the locomotive, but other witnesses did not support this. [Tufts Magazine, Spring, 2002. [http://www.tufts.edu/alumni/magazine/spring2002/jumbo.html] ] .
Jumbo's skeleton was donated to the
American Museum of Natural Historyin New York City, New York, USA. The elephant's heart was sold to Cornell University. Jumbo's hide was stuffed by William J. Critchleyand Carl Akeley, both of Ward's Natural Science, and the mounted specimen traveled with Barnum's circus for a number of years. In 1889, Barnum donated the stuffed Jumbo to Tufts University, where it was displayed until destroyed by a fire in 1975, coincidentally a fate that befell many of Barnum's exhibits during his own lifetime.The great elephant's ashes are kept in a 14-ounce Peter Pan Crunchy Peanut Butter jar in the office of the Tufts athletic director. [Tufts Magazine, Spring, 2002. [http://www.tufts.edu/alumni/magazine/spring2002/jumbo.html] ] A statue of "Jumbo" was purchased from an amusement park and placed on the Tufts campus after the fire. Jumbo became the university's mascot, and remains such to this day.
Jumbo was used on at least one Victorian
trade card(1890) to advertise Fletcher's Castoria. The text read "Jumbo Feeds Baby Castoria. From peasant nurse to high born lady, All mothers know what's good for baby. While Jumbo, too, though not a lady, Follows suit and feeds the great baby." An image of the card is shown on [http://www.centaur.com/] . Barnum is quoted on the back of the card praising the benefits of the company's ointment Centaur Liniment.
As a result of Barnum's publicity the word "jumbo" is now
synonymous with "large" or "huge": a large hot dog sausagemay be called a "jumbo hot dog"; the Boeing 747is known as the "Jumbo Jet".
The Greatest Show on Earth": A movie based on the story of the Barnum and Bailey Circus.
History of elephants in Europe
List of historical elephants
*Mary, an Asian circus elephant billed as larger than Jumbo, executed by hanging in 1916
*Chambers, Paul "Jumbo: The Greatest Elephant in the World", Andre Deutsch, 2007. ISBN 978-0-233-00222-4Harding, Les Elephant Story: Jumbo and P.T. Barnum Under the Big Top. McFarland, 2000. ISBN 0-7864-0632-1
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10472 Jumbo at Find-A-Grave]
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Look at other dictionaries:
jumbo — jumbo … Dictionnaire des rimes
Jumbo — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jumbo est un éléphant célèbre du XIXe siècle. Jumbo est une entreprise suisse Jumbo est un ancien périodique de bande dessinée Jumbo est un… … Wikipédia en Français
jumbo — jum‧bo [ˈdʒʌmbəʊ ǁ boʊ] adjective [only before a noun] larger than the usual size: • Jumbo loans carry higher interest rates than smaller loans. * * * Ⅰ. jumbo UK US /ˈdʒʌmbəʊ/ adjective [only before noun] ► much larger than the usual size: »a… … Financial and business terms
Jumbo — er den mest berømte elefant gennem tiderne og har givet navn til begrebet jumbojet. Jumbo var en afrikansk elefant, født i Fransk Sudan omkring 1861. Jumbo blev importeret til Frankrig og holdt i den zoologiske have Jardin des Plantes nær Gare de … Danske encyklopædi
jumbo — ● jumbo nom masculin (américain jumbo, surnom de l éléphant) Chariot à portique supportant des perforatrices et servant au forage des trous de mine pour l abattage des roches ou au forage des trous de boulonnage pour le soutènement. ⇒JUMBO, subst … Encyclopédie Universelle
jumbo — (adj.) very large, unusually large for its type, 1882, a reference to Jumbo, name of the London Zoo s huge elephant (acquired from France, said to have been captured as a baby in Abyssinia in 1861), sold February 1882 to U.S. circus showman P.T.… … Etymology dictionary
Jumbo — puede referirse a: Jumbo el famoso elefante del circo de Ringling Brothers and Barnum Bailey; La cadena de supermercados chilena Jumbo; Al grupo mexicano de rock en español, Jumbo; La aeronave Boeing 747. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga ar … Wikipedia Español
jumbo — JÚMBO s.n. Vehicul de transportat perforatoarele de forare în mine sau în străpungerile subterane. [pron. gium . / < americ., fr. jumbo – nume glumeţ dat unui elefant]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 12.05.2005. Sursa: DN JUMBO GIÁM BO/ s. n.… … Dicționar Român
jumbo — informal ► NOUN (pl. jumbos) 1) a very large person or thing. 2) a jumbo jet. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ very large. ORIGIN probably the second element of MUMBO JUMBO(Cf. ↑mumbo jumbo) … English terms dictionary
jumbo — o jumbo jet /dʒumboˈdʒɛt, dʒamboˈdʒɛt, ingl. ˈdʒʌmbəud jɛt/ [dal nome Jumbo dato a un elefante portato a Londra da Barnum] s. m. inv. boeing (ingl.) … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione