Remembrance Sunday

In the United Kingdom, Remembrance Sunday is the second Sunday of November, the Sunday nearest to 11 November (Remembrance Day), which is the anniversary of the end of the hostilities of the First World War at 11 a.m. in 1918.

Remembrance Sunday is marked by ceremonies at local war memorials in most towns and villages, attended by civic dignitaries, ex-servicemen and women (principally the Royal British Legion), youth organisations (e.g. Scouts and Guides), and military cadet forces (e.g. Air cadets, Army cadets and Sea cadets). Wreaths of poppies are laid on the memorials and two-minutes' silence is held at 11 a.m.

National ceremony

The national ceremony is held at the Cenotaph on Whitehall, London and since 2005 the women's memorial is also included. Wreaths are laid by the Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales, Duke of York, the Princess Royal, the Duke of Kent and William of Wales; the Prime Minister, leaders of major political parties, the Foreign Secretary, the Commonwealth High Commissioners and representatives from the Army, Navy and the Royal Air Force, the Merchant Navy and fishing fleets and the Civilian Services. A two minutes' silence is held at 11 a.m., before the laying of the wreaths. The silence represents the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month in 1918 the guns of Europe fell silent. [cite web
url = http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/remembrance/history/silence_history.shtml
title = Remembrance - The two-minutes silence
accessdate = 2007-11-11
publisher = BBC
] This silence is marked by the firing of a field gun on Horse Guards Parade to begin and end the silence, followed by Royal Marines buglers, playing the Last Post.

The event consists mainly of an extensive march past, with army bands playing live music, each year following the list of the Traditional Music of Remembrance (see below).

Other members of the British Royal Family watch from the balcony of the Foreign Office.

After the Ceremony, a parade of veterans, organised by the Royal British Legion, marches past the Cenotaph, each section of which lays a wreath as it passes.

Television coverage

The Ceremony has been televised each year by the BBC since 1946. It is the joint-longest running live televised annual event in the world, the record being shared with the Chelsea Flower Show. When first shown in 1937, it was the second ever live outside event to be broadcast, the first being the Coronation procession of George VI earlier that year.

The 1947 telerecording of the ceremony is the oldest surviving record of a broadcast of a live outside event.

Other ceremonies

From 1919 until 1945, Remembrance ceremonies were held on Armistice Day; observance was then moved to Remembrance Sunday, but, since the 50th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in 1995, it has become usual to hold ceremonies on both Armistice Day and Remembrance Sunday.

On Remembrance Sunday in 1987, a bomb exploded by the Provisional IRA killed 11 people and injured 63 in Enniskillen (see Remembrance Day Bombing).

In 2006, Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown proposed that in addition to Remembrance Sunday, a new national day to celebrate the achievements of veterans should be instituted. The "Veterans Day", to be held in the summer, would be similar to Veterans Day celebrations in the United States.

It is a polite custom to wear poppies on Remembrance Sunday. Paper poppies are sold in the weeks before the day by the Royal British Legion, in order to raise money to support ex-servicemen.

Traditional music

Each year, the programme of music at the National Ceremony remains the same, as follows:

*Rule, Britannia! by James Thomson
*Heart of Oak by William Boyce
*The Minstrel Boy
*Men of Harlech
*The Skye Boat Song
*Isle of Beauty
*David of the White Rock
*Oft in the Stilly Night by John Stevenson
*Flowers of the Forest
* by Edward Elgar
*Dido's lament by Henry Purcell
*Last Post
*Funeral March No. 1 by Ludwig van Beethoven
*O God, Our Help in Ages Past – words by Isaac Watts, music by William Croft
*Reveille
*God Save The Queen

Other pieces of music are then played during the unofficial wreath laying and the march past of the veterans, starting with Trumpet Voluntary.

ee also

*Remembrance Day
*Moment of silence

References

External links

* [http://www.britishlegion.org.uk/who/ Royal British Legion]
* [http://www.wargraves.org.uk/ The British War Memorial Project]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Remembrance Sunday — n. a British holiday, observed on the Sunday closest to Armistice Day (Nov. 11), honoring veterans of WWI and WWII * * * the nearest Sunday to 11 November ( Armistice Day), on which ceremonies are held in Britain to remember the people killed… …   Universalium

  • Remembrance Sunday — (also Remembrance Day) ► NOUN ▪ (in the UK) the Sunday nearest 11 November, when those who were killed in the First and Second World Wars and later conflicts are commemorated …   English terms dictionary

  • Remembrance Sunday — n. a British holiday, observed on the Sunday closest to Armistice Day (Nov. 11), honoring veterans of WWI and WWII …   English World dictionary

  • Remembrance Sunday — noun the Sunday nearest to November 11 when those who died in World War I and World War II are commemorated • Syn: ↑Remembrance Day, ↑Poppy Day • Regions: ↑United Kingdom, ↑UK, ↑U.K., ↑Britain, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Remembrance Sunday — noun Remembrance Day …   Wiktionary

  • Remembrance Sunday — noun Date: 1942 a Sunday that is usually closest to November 11 and that in Great Britain is set aside in commemoration of the end of hostilities in 1918 and 1945 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Remembrance Sunday — noun (in the UK) the Sunday nearest 11 November, when those who were killed in the First and Second World Wars and later conflicts are commemorated …   English new terms dictionary

  • Remembrance Day — Infobox Holiday holiday name = Remembrance Day official name = Remembrance Day (Veterans Day For U.S.) caption = Poppy worn on lapel nickname = Poppy Day, Armistice Day observedby = Commonwealth of Nations date = November 11 observances = Parades …   Wikipedia

  • Remembrance Day bombing — Infobox terrorist attack title=Remembrance Day Bombing caption=The aftermath of the bombing showing the destroyed gable wall of the Reading Rooms in the background location=Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom… …   Wikipedia

  • Remembrance Day — noun the Sunday nearest to November 11 when those who died in World War I and World War II are commemorated • Syn: ↑Remembrance Sunday, ↑Poppy Day • Regions: ↑United Kingdom, ↑UK, ↑U.K., ↑Britain, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


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