Peder Oxe

Peder Oxe (1520 - 1575) was a Danish finance minister and Steward of the Realm ("de facto" prime minister).

At the age of twelve he was sent abroad to complete his education, and resided at the principal universities of Germany, the Netherlands, France, Italy and Switzerland for seventeen years. On his return he found both his parents dead, and was appointed the guardian of his eleven young brothers and sisters, in which capacity, profiting by the spoliation of the church, he accumulated immense riches. His extraordinary financial abilities and pronounced political capacity soon found ample scope in public life. In 1552 he was raised to the dignity of "Rigsraad" (councillor of state); in 1554 he successfully accomplished his first diplomatic mission, by adjusting the differences between the elector of Saxony and the margrave of Brandenburg. The same year he held the post of governor of Copenhagen and shared with Byrge Trolle the control of the treasury.

A few years later he incurred the royal disfavour for gross malversation in the administration of public property, and failing to compromise matters with the king, fled to Germany and engaged in political intrigues with the adventurer Wilhelm von Grumbach for the purpose of dethroning Frederick II in favor of Christina of Lorraine, the daughter of Christian II. But the financial difficulties of Frederick II during the stress of the Northern Seven Years War compelled him, in 1566, to recall the great financier, when his confiscated estates were restored to him and he was reinstated in all his offices and dignities.

A change for the better immediately ensued. The finances were speedily put on an excellent footing, means were provided for carrying on the war to a successful issue (one of the chief expedients being the raising of the Sound tolls) and on the conclusion of peace Oxe, as lord treasurer, not only reduced the national debt considerably, but redeemed a large portion of the alienated crown-lands. He reformed the coinage, developed trade and commerce and introduced numerous agricultural reforms, especially on his own estates, which he was never weary of enlarging, so that on his death he was the wealthiest landowner in Denmark.

Oxe died on October 24, 1575, after contributing, more than any other statesman of his day, to raise Denmark for a brief period to the rank of a great power.

References

*"P. Oxes live og levuet" (Copenhagen, 1675)
*"Danmarks riges historie, vol. 3" (Copenhagen, 1897-1905)
*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peder Oxe — Peder Oxe, søn af Johan Oxe og Mette Gøye, som var datter af landets magtfulde rigshofmester Mogens Gøye. Som 12 årig blev Peder Oxe sendt på en dannelsesrejse til udlandet. I de fem år besøgte han Tyskland, Schweiz, Italien og Frankrig. Imens… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Peder Aagesen — (auch: Peter Haagensen, Petrus Haggaeus; * 1546 in Kopenhagen; † 16. September 1591 ebenda) war ein dänischer Philologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Federico II de Dinamarca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Federico II de Dinamarca Federico II (Haderslev, Dinamarca, 1 de julio de 1534 Slagelse, ibid., 4 de abril de 1588). Rey de Dinamarca y de Noruega …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frederick II of Denmark — Frederick II Frederick II in a painting attributed to Melchior Lorck King of Denmark and Norway Reign 1559–1588 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Herluf Trolle — (January 14, 1516 June 25, 1565) was a Danish naval hero, born at Lilloe, Skåne. Early life Herluf Trolle was born of the Trolle, a Swedish originated family of high nobility, was son of Kirsten Herlufsdatter Skave and sir Joachim Arvidsen Trolle …   Wikipedia

  • Frederic II de Danemark — Frédéric II de Danemark Frédéric II, roi de Danemark et de Norvège Frédéric II de Danemark (1er juillet 1534 à Hadersleben 14 avril 1588 à Antvorskov) roi de Danemark et de Norvège (1559 1588) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frédéric II de Danemark — Frédéric II, roi de Danemark et de Norvège Frédéric II de Danemark (1er juillet 1534 à Hadersleben 4 avril 1588 à Antvorskov) roi de Danemark et de Norvège (1559 1588) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herluf Trolle — (1551), Gemäldesammlung Schloss Frederiksborg Her …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mogens Gøye — (surname also spelled Gøje[1] or Gjøe[2]) (ca. 1470 – 6 April 1544) was a Danish statesman and Steward of the Realm, whose enormous wealth earned him the derogatory nickname the King of Northern Jutland . Gøye was the Royal councillor of Danish… …   Wikipedia

  • Niels Kaas — Niels Kaas, auch Niels Kås, (* 1535 auf dem Hof Stårupgård im Bistum Viborg; † 29. Juni 1594 in Kopenhagen) war dänischer Kanzler. Seine Eltern waren Niels Kaas, der sieben Monate vor dessen Geburt starb, und dessen Frau Anne Bjørn, die starb,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.