New Zealand general election, 1871

1871 general election
New Zealand
1868 (Māori) ←
members
14 January – 23 February 1871
→ 1875–76
members

All 78 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
  First party


  Retouched portrait of Sir William Fox.jpg


Leader William Fox
Party Independent


Leader's seat Rangitikei
Last election 78 seats
Seats won 78
Seat change steady
Popular vote N/A
Percentage N/A
Swing N/A

Prime Minister before election

William Fox
Independent

Prime Minister-designate

William Fox
Independent

The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.

Contents

Background

1871 was the first general election to include the four Māori electorates,[1] with elections held on 1 and 15 February.[2] The first Māori Members of Parliament had been elected in 1868, but in 1871 three retired and one (Western Maori) was defeated. So in 1871 four new Māori MPs were elected.

In 1866 the secret ballot was introduced for general (European) elections. The 1871 general election was the first one at which it was used. The secret ballot not used in Māori electorates until 1938, thus Māori voters continued to inform a polling officer orally of their chosen candidate.[3]

The date of election is defined here as the day on which the poll took place, or if there was no contest, the day of nomination.[4] The earliest election day was 14 January 1871.[1] The earliest date in the general electorate results table, 13 January 1871, thus represents William Rolleston being declared elected unopposed in the Avon electorate on nomination day.[5] The last election was held on 23 February 1871 in the Franklin electorate.

68 European electorates and 4 Māori electorates were defined by the Representation Act 1870. Six of the general electorates had two representatives, the rest were single member electorates. Hence, 78 MPs were elected.[1] 41,527 electors were registered.[2]

Results

European electorates

Member Electorate Province MP's term Election date
Rhodes, RobertRobert Rhodes[6] Akaroa Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-26 26 January
Evans, JohnJohn Evans[7] Ashley Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-17 17 February
Vogel, JuliusJulius Vogel[8] Auckland East Auckland &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-30 30 January
Gillies, ThomasThomas Gillies[9] Auckland West Auckland &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-02-06 6 February
Williamson, JohnJohn Williamson[10] Auckland West Auckland &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-02-06 6 February
Rolleston, WilliamWilliam Rolleston[11] Avon Canterbury &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-13 13 January
Murray, WilliamWilliam Murray[12] Bruce Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-28 28 January
O'Conor, EugeneEugene O'Conor[13] Buller Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-04 4 February
Cantrell, RichardRichard Cantrell[14] Caversham Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-25 25 January
Ingles, Henry AnthonyHenry Anthony Ingles[15] Cheviot Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-27 27 January
Wakefield, Edward JerninghamEdward Jerningham Wakefield[8] Christchurch East Canterbury &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-18 18 January
Richardson, EdwardEdward Richardson[6] Christchurch West Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-19 19 January
Ormond, John DaviesJohn Davies Ormond[13] Clive Hawke's Bay &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-26 26 January
Thomson, James WilliamJames William Thomson[16] Clutha Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-31 31 January
Karslake, John KarslakeJohn Karslake Karslake[17] Coleridge Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-04 4 February
Collins, ArthurArthur Collins[18] Collingwood Nelson &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-16 16 February
Reynolds, William HunterWilliam Hunter Reynolds[6] Dunedin, City of Otago &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-20 20 January
Bathgate, JohnJohn Bathgate[19] Dunedin, City of Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-20 20 January
Shepherd, Thomas LutherThomas Luther Shepherd[20] Dunstan Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-07 7 February
Kelly, WilliamWilliam Kelly[21] East Coast Auckland &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-16 16 February
Creighton, Robert JamesRobert James Creighton[22] Eden Auckland &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-31 31 January
Gisborne, WilliamWilliam Gisborne[9] Egmont Taranaki &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-18 18 January
Buckland, William ThorneWilliam Thorne Buckland[23] Franklin Auckland &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-23 23 February
Clark, ArchibaldArchibald Clark[24] Franklin Auckland &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-02-23 23 February
Parker, George BabingtonGeorge Babington Parker[25] Gladstone Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-07 7 February
Carrington, Frederic AlonzoFrederic Alonzo Carrington[24] Grey and Bell Taranaki &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-17 17 January
Harrison, William HenryWilliam Henry Harrison[26] Grey Valley Canterbury &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-26 26 January
Hall, JohnJohn Hall[27] Heathcote Canterbury &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-14 14 January
White, JohnJohn White[28] Hokitika Canterbury &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-25 25 January
Fitzherbert, WilliamWilliam Fitzherbert[29] Hutt Wellington &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-01-16 16 January
Calder, William HendersonWilliam Henderson Calder[14] Invercargill Southland &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-24 24 January
Studholme, JohnJohn Studholme[30] Kaiapoi Canterbury &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-27 27 January
Peacock, John Thomas[31] Lyttelton, Town of Canterbury &10000000000000002000000 Second 02011-01-16 16 January
Johnston, Walter WoodsWalter Woods Johnston[17] Manawatu Wellington &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-04 4 February
Munro, JohnJohn Munro[12] Marsden Auckland &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-30 30 January
Bell, DillonDillon Bell[19] Mataura Southland &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-02-11 11 February
McLeod, JohnJohn McLeod[32] Mongonui and Bay of Islands Auckland &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-10 10 February
Monro, DavidDavid Monro[33]a Motueka Nelson &10000000000000005000000Fifth 02011-02-10 10 February
Mervyn, DavidDavid Mervyn[34] Mount Ida Otago &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-16 16 February
McLean, DonaldDonald McLean[32] Napier Hawke's Bay &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-19 19 January
Lightband, MartinMartin Lightband[35] Nelson, City of Nelson &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-06 6 February
Curtis, OswaldOswald Curtis[22] Nelson, City of Nelson &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-06 6 February
Richardson, RalphRalph Richardson[6] Nelson, Suburbs ofSuburbs of Nelson Nelson &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-07 7 February
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly[21] New Plymouth Taranaki &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-28 28 January
Swanson, WilliamWilliam Swanson[30] Newton Auckland &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-25 25 January
O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke[13] Onehunga Auckland &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-02-20 20 February
Wood, ReaderReader Wood[36] Parnell Auckland &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-23 23 January
Kenny, Courtney[21] Picton Marlborough &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-27 27 January
Fox, WilliamWilliam Fox[37] Rangitikei Wellington &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-02-03 3 February
McGillivray, LauchlanLauchlan McGillivray[38] Riverton Southland &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-27 27 January
Farnall, HenryHenry Farnall[39] Rodney Auckland &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-13 13 February
Driver, HenryHenry Driver[40] Roslyn Otago &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-30 30 January
Reeves, WilliamWilliam Reeves[41] Selwyn Canterbury &10000000000000002000000 Second 02011-02-01 1 February
Reid, Donald Donald Reid[41] Taieri Otago &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-03 3 February
O'Neill, Charles GordonCharles Gordon O'Neill[13] Thames Auckland &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-09 9 February
Stafford, EdwardEdward Stafford[42] Timaru Canterbury &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-01-20 20 January
Tribe, George HenryGeorge Henry Tribe[43] Totara Westland &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-08 8 February
Brown, James ClarkJames Clark Brown[7] Tuapeka Otago &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-13 13 February
Bradshaw, James BennJames Benn Bradshaw[44] Waikaia Otago &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-09 9 February
McPherson, JamesJames McPherson[32] Waikato Auckland &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-10 10 February
McLean, GeorgeGeorge McLean[32] Waikouaiti Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-23 23 January
Shephard, JosephJoseph Shephard[20] Waimea Marlborough &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-13 13 February
Bunny, HenryHenry Bunny[23] Wairarapa Wellington &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-28 28 January
Andrew, JohnJohn Andrew[45] Wairarapa Wellington &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-28 28 January
Eyes, William HenryWilliam Henry Eyes[39] Wairau Marlborough &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-24 24 January
Steward, WilliamWilliam Steward[42] Waitaki Otago &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-03 3 February
Henderson, ThomasThomas Henderson[46] Waitemata Auckland &10000000000000004000000Fourth 02011-02-08 8 February
Haughton, Charles EdwardCharles Edward Haughton[26] Wakatipu Otago &10000000000000003000000Third 02011-01-25 25 January
Webster, GeorgeGeorge Webster[28] Wallace Otago &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-02-20 20 February
Bryce, JohnJohn Bryce[7] Wanganui Wellington &10000000000000002000000Second 02011-01-30 30 January
Hunter, GeorgeGeorge Hunter[47] Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Wellington &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-07 7 February
Pearce, EdwardEdward Pearce[31] Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Wellington &10000000000000001000000First 02011-02-07 7 February
Brandon, AlfredAlfred Brandon[7] Wellington Country Wellington &10000000000000001000000First 02011-01-17 17 January

a Unseated on petition.

Māori electorates

Member Electorate MP's term Election date
Takamoana, Karaitiana[48] Eastern Maori First 02011-02-01 1 February
Katene, Wi[21] Northern Maori First 02011-02-15 15 February
Taiaroa, Hori Kerei[48] Southern Maori First 02011-02-13 13 February
Parata, Wiremu[25] Western Maori First 02011-02-13 13 February

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "Representation Act 1870". http://www.nzlii.org/nz/legis/hist_act/ra187033a34v1870n15322/. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. http://www.elections.org.nz/elections/resultsdata/elections-dates-turnout.html. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Key dates in New Zealand electoral reform". Elections New Zealand. http://www.elections.org.nz/elections/key-dates-electoral-reform.html. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 92.
  5. ^ "Avon District". The Star. Issue 821, 13 January 1871. http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=TS18710113.2.6.1. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  7. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  8. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  9. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  12. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  13. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  14. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  15. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  16. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  17. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  18. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  19. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  20. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  21. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  22. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  23. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  24. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  25. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 131.
  26. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  27. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  28. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  29. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  30. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  31. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  32. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  33. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  34. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  36. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  37. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  38. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  39. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  40. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  41. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  42. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  43. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  44. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  45. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  46. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 113.
  47. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.
  48. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.

References

  • Scholefield, Guy Hardy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840-1949. Wellington: Govt. Printer. 

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