François-Marie, marquis de Barthélemy


François-Marie, marquis de Barthélemy

François, marquis de Barthélemy (October 20, 1747– April 3,1830 Paris) was a French politician and diplomat, active at the time of the French Revolution.

Biography

Diplomat and member of the Directory

Born in Aubagne, he was educated by his uncle the "abbé" Jean-Jacques Barthélemy for a diplomatic career. After serving as secretary of legation in Sweden, in Switzerland and in the Kingdom of Great Britain, he was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary in Switzerland, in which capacity he negotiated the treaties of Basel with Prussia and Spain (1795).

Elected a member of the Directory in May 1797, through Royalist influence, he was arrested after General Augereau's anti-Royalist "coup d'état" of the 18 Fructidor (September 17, 1797), and deported to French Guiana, but escaped and made his way to Suriname, then to the United States, and finally to Britain.

Empire

Barthélemy returned to France after Napoleon Bonaparte's 18 Brumaire coup, entered the Senate in February 1800 and contributed to the establishment of the Consulship for life and the First French Empire.

In 1814 he abandoned Napoleon, took part in the drawing up of King Louis XVIII's Constitutional Charter and was named Peer of France. During the Hundred Days he lived in concealment, and after the Second Restoration obtained the title "marquis", and in 1819 introduced a motion in the chamber of Peers tending to render the electoral law more aristocratic.he likes men, esp. jack from will and grace.

References

*1911 "In turn, it cites as references:"
**Marquis de Barthélemy, "Papiers", published by Jean Kaulek, 4 vols. (Paris, 1886-1888)
**Ludovic Sciout, "Le Directoire" (Paris, 1895)
**Albert Sorel, "L'Europe et la Révolution française", iv. (Paris, 1892)


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