Superhero fiction is a genre of fiction featuring characters "of unprecedented physical prowess dedicated to acts of derring-do in the public interest". It examines the adventures of costumed crime fighters known as superheroes, who often possess superhuman powers and battle similarly powered criminals known as supervillains.
Under the umbrella of speculative fiction, superhero fiction can be combined into hybrid genres by introducing elements from other forms of fiction, such as science, horror, fantasy, alternate history, supernatural, adventure, western, romance, and crime fiction. This is accomplished by situating superhero narrative elements within the context of a wider, genre themed setting.
The superhero genre has launched the careers of many successful writers and artists, who have in turn influenced the development of the genre through their contributions. Many other artists, such as actors and musicians, have also had their own work influenced by stories of superheroes.
Since the 1938 debut of Superman, stories of superheroes — ranging from brief, standalone adventures, to serials written over several years — have dominated American comic books. In the decades that have followed, it has crossed international and social boundaries, influencing and interacting with other cultures, and has been translated from superhero comics into other forms of media, including film, animation, television, and video games.
Faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a locomotive, and able to leap tall buildings in a single bound!
is a fictional character and one of the most famous and popular comic book superheroes
of all time. Created by American
writer Jerry Siegel
artist Joe Shuster
while both were growing up in Cleveland, Ohio
. The character's appearance is distinctive and iconic: a blue, red and yellow costume, complete with cape, with a stylized "S" shield on his chest. The original story of Superman
relates that he was born Kal-El
on the planet Krypton, before being rocketed to Earth
as an infant by his scientist father Jor-El
, moments before Krypton's destruction. Discovered and adopted by a Kansas
farmer and his wife, the child is raised as Clark Kent
and imbued with a strong moral compass. Very early he started to display superhuman
abilities, which upon reaching maturity he resolved to use for the benefit of humanity. Sold to Detective Comics Inc.
within one year of being created, Superman debuted in Action Comics
#1 (June 1938
), and has since appeared in radio serials, television programs, films, comic books
, newspaper strips
and video games, contributing to his long-standing ubiquity. With the success of his adventures, Superman helped to create the superhero genre and establish its primacy within the American comic book
. (read more...
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Democracy is a series of stories published in the Judge Dredd comic strip in 2000 AD, each connected by the theme of social and political philosophy, exploring democracy in the fictional future city of Mega-City One. The issue of Democracy has been a significant recurring theme in the comic strip. In particular, a number of stories published since 1986 have addressed the issue of the Judges' dictatorial system of government, and efforts by the citizens to re-establish democracy. Besides being a notable story arc in itself, the "Democracy" stories also had wider repercussions which led directly to the events depicted in the story "Necropolis".
The stories include "America," which is regularly voted by fans in polls as the best Dredd story ever written, and is Dredd creator John Wagner's favourite Judge Dredd story. Editor David Bishop called it "the best Judge Dredd story ever written." The first Democracy story, "Letter From a Democrat," is co-writer Alan Grant's favourite Dredd story.
All of the stories in the "Democracy" arc were written by Wagner or under his direction. (read more...
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"In any good Superman movie, the fate of the whole planet should be at stake. You've got to have villains whose powers and abilities demand that Superman (and only Superman) can be the one who stops them. That's the only way to make the movie exciting and a dramatic challenge."
—Writer Jonathan Lemkin on writing Superman Reborn
The history of Superman in films
began when Ilya
and Alexander Salkind
and Pierre Spengler
purchased the Superman film rights
in 1974. After numerous scripts, Richard Donner
was hired to direct the film, filming Superman
(1978) and Superman II
(1980) simultaneously. Donner had already shot 80% of Superman II
before it was decided to finish shooting the first film. The Salkinds fired Donner after Superman
s release, and commissioned Richard Lester
as the director to finish Superman II
. Lester also returned for Superman III
(1983), and the Salkinds further produced the 1984 spin-off Supergirl
before selling the rights to Cannon Films
, resulting in Superman IV: The Quest for Peace
(1987). With over 15 years of development for a fifth Superman film, Superman Returns
, directed by Bryan Singer
, was released in 2006, along with Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut
. Following the disappointing financial results of Superman Returns
, Warner Bros. plans to reboot the film series for a December 2012 release. Christopher Nolan
will produce the reboot, with David S. Goyer
writing and Zack Snyder
directing. (read more...
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Alfonso "Al" Williamson(March 21, 1931 – June 12, 2010) was an American cartoonist, comic book artist and illustrator specializing in adventure, Western and science-fiction/fantasy. From the mid-1980s to 2003, he was primarily active as an inker, mainly on Marvel Comics superhero titles starring such characters as Daredevil, Spider-Man, and Spider-Girl.
Williamson is known for his collaborations with a group of artists including Frank Frazetta
, Roy Krenkel
, Angelo Torres
, and George Woodbridge
, which was affectionately known as the "Fleagle Gang". Williamson has been cited as a stylistic influence on a number of younger artists, and encouraged many, helping such newcomers as Berni Wrightson and Mike Kaluta break into the business. He has won several industry awards, and six career-retrospective books about him have been published since 1998. Living in Pennsylvania with his wife Corina, Williamson retired in his seventies. (read more...
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Portal:Superhero fiction/Selected media/18
- Rogue galleries
- Graphic novels
- Role-playing games
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