Outline of the Philippines

The location of the Philippines
An enlargeable map of the Republic of the Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines is a sovereign island nation located in Southeast Asia.[1] The country comprises more than 7,100 islands of the Philippine Archipelago in the western North Pacific Ocean. The Philippines shares maritime borders with Indonesia, Malaysia, Palau, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and Vietnam. As of 2010, the Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country, with a population approaching 90 million people.[2][3] Its national economy is the 37th largest in the world with a 2006 gross domestic product (GDP) of over US$117.562 billion.[3] There are more than 11 million overseas Filipinos worldwide, one of the largest diaspora network in the world, about 11% of the total population of the Philippines. The capital of the Philippines is Manila.

The Philippines was settled mostly by Malayo-Polynesian-speaking peoples. The Philippines became a Spanish colony in the 16th century, and an American territory at the beginning of the 20th century. The Katipunan led the Philippine Revolution of 1896 that won independence from Spain. The U.S. occupation of the Philippines during the Spanish-American War led to the outbreak of the Philippine–American War. The Philippines gained its independence from the United States on July 4, 1946 after the Pacific War (the Second World War) via the Treaty of Manila. Martial law was declared in 1972 by Ferdinand Marcos. The assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. led to the People Power Revolution of 1986 that overthrew authoritarian rule. Political upheavals and corruption scandals alternated with the peaceful transition of power during the period that followed the restoration of democracy.[1]

Modern Philippines has many affinities with the Western world, derived mainly from the cultures of Spain, Latin America, and the United States. Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant religion, although pre-Hispanic indigenous religious practices still exist and there are other Christian denominations too; there are also followers of Islam.[4] Spanish was an official language of the Philippines until 1973. Since 1987, the only national language of the Philippines is Filipino.[5] For the purposes of communication and instruction, the official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and, until otherwise provided by law, English.[6]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Philippines:

General reference

Geography of the Philippines

An enlargeable topographic map of the Philippines

Environment of the Philippines

An enlargeable satellite image of the Philippines

Natural geographic features of the Philippines

Regions of the Philippines

Ecoregions of the Philippines

Administrative divisions of the Philippines

Demography of the Philippines

Government and politics of the Philippines

Main article: Government of the Philippines and Politics of the Philippines

Branches of the government of the Philippines

Executive branch of the government of the Philippines

Legislative branch of the government of the Philippines

Judicial branch of the government of the Philippines

Foreign relations of the Philippines

International organization membership

The Republic of the Philippines is a member of:[1]

Law and order in the Philippines

Military of the Philippines

Local government in the Philippines

History of the Philippines

Main article: History of the Philippines, Timeline of Philippine History, and Current events of the Philippines

Culture of the Philippines

The arts in the Philippines

Sports in the Philippines

Economy and infrastructure of the Philippines

Education in the Philippines

Health in the Philippines

  • Health care in the Philippines

See also

References

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of the Philippines

Official
Maps
Other

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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