Outline of South America

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South America is the southern part of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with about a quarter in the Northern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean. North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.

South America was named in 1507 by cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann after Amerigo Vespucci, who was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a New World unknown to Europeans.

South America has an area of 17,780,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi), or almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. As of 2005, its population was estimated at more than 371,090,000. South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America).

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to South America:


Geography of South America

Countries of South America

Main article: List of South American countries

 Argentina  Bolivia  Brazil  Chile  Colombia  Ecuador  Falkland Islands  French Guiana  Guyana  Paraguay  Peru  Suriname  Uruguay  Venezuela

Regions of South America

Main divisions

Geographical regions