Outline of Northern Ireland

Location of Northern Ireland (orange)
– in the European continent (camel & white)
– in the United Kingdom (camel)

Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom.[1][2] Situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west. At the time of the 2001 UK Census, its population was 1,685,000, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the population of the United Kingdom.

Northern Ireland was created as a distinct division of the United Kingdom on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920,[3] though its constitutional roots lie in the 1800 Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland.

Northern Ireland was for many years the site of a violent and bitter ethno-political conflict — the Troubles — which was caused by divisions between nationalists, who are predominantly Roman Catholic, and unionists, who are predominantly Protestant, which has been the most-prevalent religion. Unionists want Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom,[4] while nationalists wish it to be politically reunited with the rest of Ireland.[5][6][7][8] Since the signing of the "Good Friday Agreement" in 1998, most of the paramilitary groups involved in the Troubles have ceased their armed campaigns.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Ireland:

General reference

  • Pronunciation
    • HE: /ˈnɔrðərn/ /ˈaɾlənd/
    • UK: /ˈnɔrðərn/ /ˈaɪə.lənd/
    • US: /ˈnɔrðərn/ /ˈaɪɚ.lənd/
  • Common English country name: Northern Ireland
  • Official English country name: Northern Ireland
  • Common endonym:
    • Irish: Tuaisceart Éireann
    • Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann
  • Official endonym: Northern Ireland
  • Adjectival: Northern Irish
  • Demonym: Northern Irishman or Northern Irishwoman, Ulsterman or Ulsterwoman

Geography of Northern Ireland

Main article: Geography of Northern Ireland

Environment of Northern Ireland

Natural geographic features of Northern Ireland

Regions of Northern Ireland

Administrative divisions of Northern Ireland

Main article: Administrative divisions of Northern Ireland
Municipalities of Northern Ireland

Demography of Northern Ireland

Main article: Demographics of Northern Ireland

Government and politics of Northern Ireland

Main article: Government of Northern Ireland and Politics of Northern Ireland
  • Taxation in Northern Ireland

Law and order in Northern Ireland

Local government in Northern Ireland

Military of Northern Ireland

Main article: British Army in Northern Ireland

Political ideologies in Northern Ireland

History of Northern Ireland

By period

The Troubles

By year

By region

By county

  • History of County Antrim
  • History of County Armagh
  • History of County Fermanagh
  • History of County Londonderry
  • History of County Tyrone

By municipality

By subject

Culture of Northern Ireland

Main article: Culture of Northern Ireland

Architecture in Northern Ireland

Art in Northern Ireland

Music of Northern Ireland

Cuisine of Northern Ireland

Language in Northern Ireland

Religion in Northern Ireland

Religious places

  • Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland
  • Cathedrals in Ireland
  • Cemeteries in Northern Ireland
  • Cenotaphs in Northern Ireland

Religions in Northern Ireland

Sport in Northern Ireland

Main article: Sport in Northern Ireland

Economy and infrastructure of Northern Ireland

Main article: Economy of Northern Ireland
  • Communications in Northern Ireland
    • Internet in Northern Ireland
  • Currency of the United Kingdom: Pound Sterling
  • Tourism in Northern Ireland
  • Transport in Northern Ireland

Education in Northern Ireland

Main article: Education in Northern Ireland

Specific schools

Types of schools

Infrastructure of Northern Ireland

Transport in Northern Ireland

See also


  1. ^ "The Countries of the UK". www.statistics.gov.uk - geography - beginners' guide to UK geography. UK Statistics Authority. 11 November 2005. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5lClXN00l. Retrieved 11 November 2009. "The top-level division of administrative geography in the UK is the 4 countries - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland." 
  2. ^ "countries within a country". Number10.gov.uk. The Office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. 10 January 2003. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5lClWk7P7. Retrieved 11 November 2009. "The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Its full name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland...Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom with a devolved legislative Assembly and a power sharing Executive made up of ministers from four political parties representing different traditions." 
  3. ^ Statutory Rules & Orders published by authority, 1921 (No. 533); Additional source for 3 May 1921 date: Alvin Jackson, Home Rule - An Irish History, Oxford University Press, 2004, p198.
  4. ^ Standing up for Northern Ireland www.uup.org. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  5. ^ Richard Jenkin, 1997, Rethinking ethnicity: arguments and explorations, SAGE Publicatoins: London: "In Northern Ireland the objectives of contemporary nationalists are the reunification of Ireland and the removal of British government."
  6. ^ Peter Dorey, 1995, British politics since 1945, Blackwell Publishers: Oxford: "Just as some Nationalists have been prepared to use violence in order to secure Irish reunification, so some Unionists have been prepared to use violence in order to oppose it."
  7. ^ "Strategy Framework Document: Reunification through Planned Integration: Sinn Féin’s All Ireland Agenda". Archived from the original on 16 July 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060716075752/http://www.sinnfein.ie/policies/document/155.  Sinn Fein. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  8. ^ Policy Summaries: Constitutional Issues[dead link] SDLP. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  9. ^ "NI's population passes 1.75m mark". BBC News. 10 December 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/7775349.stm. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Northern Ireland

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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