Outline of Cyprus

The location of Cyprus
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Cyprus
An enlargeable political map of the island of Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus is a sovereign island nation located on the Island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean Sea — south of Anatolia (Turkey), west of mainland Levant (Syria, Lebanon), north of North Africa (Egypt), south-east of Europe (Crete and the Greek islands) — and part of the Middle East.[1]

Cyprus is the third-largest Mediterranean island and one of the most popular tourist destinations, attracting over 2.4 million tourists per year.[2] A former British colony, it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1960 and became a Commonwealth republic in 1961. The Republic of Cyprus is a developed country and has been a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004. It adopted the euro on 1 January 2008.

In 1974, following a period of violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and an attempted Greek Cypriot coup d'état aimed at annexing the island to Greece,[3] sponsored by the Greek military junta of 1967-1974, Turkey invaded and occupied one-third of the island. This led to the displacement of thousands of Cypriots and the establishment of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north. This event and its resulting political situation is a matter of ongoing dispute.

The Republic of Cyprus, the internationally recognized state, claimed sovereignty over 97% of the island of Cyprus and all surrounding waters, with the United Kingdom controlling the remaining three percent. The island is de facto partitioned into four main parts:[4]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cyprus:

General Reference

A basic map of the island of Cyprus
Including Green Zone and UK bases

Geography of Cyprus

An enlargeable topographic map of the island of Cyprus
Dhekelia SBA 103 km
Akrotiri SBA 47 km
  • Coastline: 648 km

Environment of Cyprus

An enlargeable satellite image of the island of Cyprus
  • Climate of Cyprus
  • Environmental issues in Cyprus
  • Ecoregions in Cyprus
  • Renewable energy in Cyprus
  • Geology of Cyprus
  • Protected areas of Cyprus
    • Biosphere reserves in Cyprus
    • National parks of Cyprus
  • Wildlife of Cyprus

Natural geographic features of Cyprus

Regions of Cyprus

Administrative divisions of Cyprus

Main article: Administrative divisions of Cyprus
Districts of Cyprus
Municipalities of Cyprus
  • Capital of Cyprus: Nicosia
  • Cities of Cyprus

Demography of Cyprus

Main article: Demographics of Cyprus

Government and politics of Cyprus

Main article: Government of Cyprus and Politics of Cyprus

Branches of the government of Cyprus


Executive branch of the government of Cyprus

Legislative branch of the government of Cyprus

Judicial branch of the government of Cyprus

  • Supreme Court of Cyprus

Foreign relations of Cyprus

International organization membership

The Republic of Cyprus is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Cyprus

Main article: Law of Cyprus

Military of Cyprus

Main article: Military of Cyprus
  • Command
  • Forces
    • Army of Cyprus
    • Navy of Cyprus
    • Air Force of Cyprus
    • Special forces of Cyprus
  • Military history of Cyprus
  • Military ranks of Cyprus

Local government in Cyprus

History of Cyprus

Main article: History of Cyprus, Timeline of the history of Cyprus, and Current events of Cyprus
  • Economic history of Cyprus
  • Military history of Cyprus

Culture of Cyprus

Main article: Culture of Cyprus
Traditional costumes of Cypriots. Photographed in 1873.

Art in Cyprus

Sports in Cyprus

Main article: Sports in Cyprus

Economy and infrastructure of Cyprus

Main article: Economy of Cyprus

Education in Cyprus

Main article: Education in Cyprus

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cyprus". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Invest in Cyprus website - figures do not include tourism to the occupied North [1]
  3. ^ BBC News website
  4. ^ The Republic of Cyprus exercises full effective control over approximately 59% of the island, the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) controls over approximately 36% of the island, and the remaining approximately 5% of the land mass is split evenly between British-controlled Sovereign Base Areas and the UN-controlled Green Line. See relevant reference articles for areas
  5. ^ according to the United Nations Security Council, see Resolution 550 and 541
  6. ^ According to Article 1 and Annex A of the Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus - see [2]

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Cyprus

Air Ambulance Cyprus

Government
General information
Official publications

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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