Outline of the People's Republic of China

People's Republic of China (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of the People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China is the most extensive country in East Asia and the third or fourth most extensive country in the world.[1][2] With a population of over 1,300,000,000, it is the most populous country in the world.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the PRC under a single-party system since the state's establishment in 1949. The PRC is involved in a dispute over the political status of Taiwan. The CPC's rival during the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang (KMT), fled to Taiwan and surrounding islands after its defeat in 1949, claiming legitimacy over China, Mongolia, and Tuva while it was the ruling power of the Republic of China (ROC). The term "Mainland China" is often used to denote the areas under PRC rule, but sometimes excludes its two Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau.

Because of its vast population, rapidly growing economy, and large research and development investments, China is considered an "emerging superpower".[3][4] It has the world's second largest economy (second largest in terms of purchasing power parity.) China is also a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.[5][6][7][8] Since 1978, China's market-based economic reforms have brought the poverty rate down from 53% in 1981 to 8% by 2001.[9] However, China is now faced with a number of other economic problems, including an aging population, an increasing rural-urban income gap, and rapid environmental degradation.[10][11]

China plays a major role in international trade. The country is the world's largest consumer of steel and concrete, using, respectively, a third and over a half of the world's supply of each.[12] Counting all products, China is the largest exporter and the second largest importer in the world.[13][14]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to China:

General reference

An enlargeable map of the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China

Geography of China

An enlargeable topographic map of People's Republic of China
 Mongolia 4,677 km
 Russia 3,645 km
 India (excluding the territorial border disputes; McMahon Line is 3,380 km
 Myanmar 2,185 km
 Kazakhstan 1,533 km
 North Korea 1,416 km
 Vietnam 1,281 km
 Nepal 1,236 km
 Kyrgyzstan 858 km
 Pakistan 523 km
 Bhutan 470 km
 Laos 423 km
 Tajikistan 414 km
 Afghanistan 76 km
  • Coastline: 14,500 km

Environment of China

An enlargeable satellite image of People's Republic of China

Natural geographic features of China

Regions of China

Administrative divisions of China

Main article: Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China
  • Provinces of China
    • Districts of China
      • Municipalities of China
Provinces of China
Districts of China
Municipalities of China

Demography of China

Main article: Demographics of China

Government and politics of China

Main article: Government of China and Politics of China
  • Elections in China
    • (specific elections)
  • Political parties in China
  • Taxation in China

Branches of government


Ruling party

Executive branch of the government of China

Legislative branch of the government of China

Judicial branch of the government of China

Foreign relations of China

International organization membership

The People's Republic of China is a member of:[1]

Law and order in China

Main article: Law of China

Military of China

Main article: People's Liberation Army

Local government in China

History of China

Main article: History of China, Timeline of the history of China, and Current events of China

Culture of China

Main article: Culture of China

Art in China

Sports in China

Main article: Sports in China

Economy and infrastructure of China

Main article: Economy of the People's Republic of China

Education in China

Main article: Education in the People's Republic of China

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "China". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 8, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Area rank is disputed with the United States and is either ranked third or fourth. See List of countries and outlying territories by area for more information.
  3. ^ Gordon, Peter. "Review of "China: The Balance Sheet -- What the World Needs to Know Now About the Emerging Superpower"". The Asia Review of Books. http://www.asianreviewofbooks.com/arb/article.php?article=693. Retrieved 2007-12-24. 
  4. ^ Miller, Lyman. "China an Emerging Superpower?". Stanford Journal of International Relations. http://www.stanford.edu/group/sjir/6.1.03_miller.html. Retrieved 2007-12-24. 
  5. ^ China Passes U.S. In Trade With Japan
  6. ^ Trade Policy Outlook for Second-term Bush Administration
  7. ^ China - Taiwan Economic Ties
  8. ^ Beijing's Growing Politico-Economic Leverage Over Ulaanbaatar
  9. ^ Fighting Poverty: Findings and Lessons from China’s Success (World Bank). Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  10. ^ Yardley, Jim (December 29, 2007). "Beijing's Olympic Quest: Turn Smoggy Sky Blue". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/29/world/asia/29china.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  11. ^ "China fails environment targets". BBC News. January 10, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6247119.stm. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  12. ^ Center for International Trade in Forest Products China’s Building Boom. Retrieved December 2, 2006,
  13. ^ The World Factbook, Rank Order - Imports.
  14. ^ WTO: China Daily
  15. ^ China has the longest total land boundaries of any country.
  16. ^ China and Russia each border 14 countries, more than any other countries.
  17. ^ Article 93 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China places the authority to direct the armed forces of the PRC in the Central Military Commission. However, Article 80 gives the President of the People's Republic of China the power to proclaim martial law, proclaim a state of war, and issue mobilization orders. Since the mid-1990s, it has been standard practice to have the President, the CMC Chairman, and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China be the same person although the differences in the start of terms means that there is some overlap between an occupant and his predecessor.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of China


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