Otto I, Count Palatine of Mosbach
Otto I (24 August 1390 - 5 July 1461) was the Count Palatine of Mosbach from 1410 until 1448, and the Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt from 1448 until 1461.
Otto was born in Mosbach in 1390 as the youngest son of Rupert III of the Palatinate, King of Germany. In 1410 after the death of his father, the territories of the Palatinate were divided between his four sons; Otto received the territory around Mosbach and Eberbach. He made Mosbach his capital and began the construction of a new residence there. Otto became the regent of the Electoral Palatinate and guardian of his nephew Louis IV after his brother Louis III returned from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem seriously ill and died soon after. He held the regency until 1442.
In 1448 he inherited half of the territory of the extinct Palatinate-Neumarkt and purchased the other half from his brother Stephen, and he also established a residence in Neumarkt. Otto died in Reichenbach am Regen in 1461 and was buried in the Benedictine Abbey of Reichenbach.
Otto married Joanna of Bavaria-Landshut (1413 - 20 July 1444), daughter of duke Henry XVI in January in 1340 and had the following children:
- Margaret (2 March 1432 - 26 June 1451)
- Amalie (22 February 1433 - 5 December 1488)
- Otto (26 June 1435 - 8 June 1499)
- Rupert (25 November 1437 - 1 November 1465)
- Dorothea (24 August 1439 - 15 May 1482)
- Albert (6 September 1440 - 20 August 1506)
- Anne (1441 - ?)
- John (1 August 1443 - 4 October 1486)
- Barbara (July 1444 - ?)
of the Electoral Palatinate
Count Palatine of Mosbach
1410 - 1448
Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt
1448 - 1461
Otto II Christopher Count Palatine of Neumarkt
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