Dakbayan sa Ormok
— Independent City —
Leyte showing the location of Ormoc City. Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Philippines Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Province Leyte District 4th district of Leyte Founded February 26, 1834 Cityhood June 21, 1947 Barangays 110 Government - Mayor Eric Codilla Area - Total 613.6 km2 (236.9 sq mi) Population (2007) - Total 177,524 - Density 289.3/km2 (749.3/sq mi) Time zone PHT (UTC+8) ZIP Code 6541 Income class 1st class city
The City of Ormoc is a 1st class city in the province of Leyte, Philippines. The city's name is derived from ogmok, an old Visayan term for lowland or depressed plain. It is the first non-provincial city of the Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 177,524 people. Ormoc is the economic, cultural, commercial and transportation hub of western Leyte.
Ormoc City is an independent component city, not subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Leyte. However, the city is part of the congressional district IV of Leyte together with Albuera, Kananga, Merida, and Isabel towns.
In November 1991, the Ormoc region was inundated by Tropical Storm Thelma (local name: Uring). Flash floods and landslides killed more than 6,000 people, mostly in Ormoc itself.
In 1950, Kananga was created in 1950 from the barrios of Lonoy, Kananga, Rizal, Tugbong, Montebello, Aguiting, Tagaytay, Montealegre, Libungao, Naghalin, and Masarayao which all used to be part of Ormoc City.
Ormoc City is a port city and is the largest city by land area in Leyte and second largest in Eastern Visayas after Calbayog City in Samar. Fronting Ormoc Bay, the city's terrain is mostly of gently rolling plains. It is bounded on the northwest by the towns of Matag-ob and Merida, in the north by Kananga, in the northeast by the towns of Jaro, Pastrana and Dagami, and in the south by the town of Albuera. High mountain ranges separate Ormoc from the eastern portion of Leyte. Numerous rivers and streams traverse Ormoc. Among them are the Bao River in the north, Pagsangahan River in the west, the Bagong-bong River in the south, the Panilahan River also in the south and the Anilao and Malbasag Rivers which border the eastern and western flanks of Ormoc City Proper.
People and Culture
The natives of this city are called Ormocanons, with most being Cebuano speakers (or Kana, as Cebuano-speakers in Leyte and Southern Leyte are often called) together with the whole western part of Leyte island. The people relate more to neighboring towns and Cebu than to eastern Leyte itself.
Like most Filipinos, Ormocanons are predominantly Roman Catholic, and the city celebrate its annual fiesta in honour of the patron saints Saint Peter and Saint Paul on June 28 and 29. Other main Catholic holy days, including the local fiestas of barangays, are observed throughout the year. There is also a visible Muslim minority within the city and all over the island, evidenced by the occasional mosque in the cityscape.
Economy, Commerce, and Industry
Ormoc City's economic base is a good mix of agriculture, aquaculture, industry, tourism, and commercial services. Sugar cane, rice and pineapple are the bulk produce of the agricultural sector. The city enjoys economic growth because it supplies the whole country of its power needs due to the abundant geothermal power resources in Tongonan and neighbouring Kananga town. Ormoc is also the gateway to the Leyte Industrial Development Estate in the nearby town of Isabel, home of the Philippine Phosphate Fertilizer Plant, the largest fertilizer factory in Asia, and the Philippine Associated Smelter and Refining Company, the country's biggest copper processing plant, among other industries.
The commercial service sector in the city is on the upswing. Banks, restaurants, cafes, night spots, and sports centers dot the city. There are sizable shopping centers in Ormoc City, among them Gaisano Riverside Mall, Gaisano Capital, BOSS (Brodeth One-Stop Shop), Yuvallos Hypermart, Ormoc Centrum, The Point Mall, and A-Mall. There are also many giftshops, videoshops, cellshops, pawnshops, bookstores, and whole-sale stores around the city.
Transportation and Communications
Land and sea transport are available year-round. Ormoc Airport has direct flights to Manila. TV and radio networks broadcasting from Cebu reach the city. Internet connection is available through local and national ISPs like Globe broadband and Smart Bro. The city is served by telecommunication companies such as Ormoc Telephone Company (OrTelCo), PLDT, BayanTel, Globelines, Globe, Smart, and Sun Cellular.
Ormoc is the educational centre for western Leyte. It has a range of primary and secondary schools, both public and private. Tertiary education was originally offered by St. Peter's College of Ormoc, a Benedictine-run Catholic college and the oldest, followed by Western Leyte College , a private non-sectarian college. In the 1990s, the city saw the establishment of Sto. Niño College and the STI computer college. In the 2000s, tertiary institutions founded were AMA Computer Learning Center, Ormoc City School of Arts and Trades, San Lorenzo Ruiz College, SYNTACS Computer College, Ormoc City Institute of Technology (OCIT) and the Ormoc campus of the Eastern Visayas State University. Ormoc also has their own Chinese school which is ORMOC SE SAN SCHOOL.
Tourism highlights include:
- Lake Danao is a violin shaped lake 3 km long at an elevation of 2,100 feet (640 m) above sea level. There are floating cottages, and boats are available for hire.
- Tongonan Hotsprings National Park is a valley of geothermal power source that can supply electricity to the whole region. The first geothermal plant to operate in the Philippines.
- Leyte Golf and Country Club is a golfing resort covering more than 80 hectares of semi-rolling terrain, located 7 km from the heart of Ormoc City.
- Pineapple Plantation lies in 210 hectares in rolling terrain located north of the city Brgy. Hibunawon. Ormoc's Queen Pineapple is famous for its sweetness, a favourite pasalubong, and the unofficial icon of the city.
- Centennial Park, located in the city, is a leisure and picnic ground for the young and old alike.
Ormoc City is a consistent winner of the Cleanest and Greenest City program of the DILG from 1995 to the present. The Asian Institute of Management's study titled The Philippine Cities Competitiveness Ranking Project 2005 ranked the city first in 'infrastructure' and tenth in 'dynamism of local economy' among small cities of the Philippines. The city also garnered the 2005 Most Business-Friendly City award in the Visayas by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Ormoc City is politically subdivided into 110 barangays.
- Alta Vista
- Bagong Buhay
- Barangay 1 (Pob.)
- Barangay 2 (Pob.)
- Barangay 3 (Pob.)
- Barangay 4 (Pob.)
- Barangay 5 (Pob.)
- Barangay 6 (Pob.)
- Barangay 7 (Pob.)
- Barangay 8 (Pob.)
- Barangay 9 (Pob.)
- Barangay 10 (Pob.)
- Barangay 11 (Pob.)
- Barangay 12 (Pob.)
- Barangay 13 (Pob.)
- Barangay 14 (Pob.)
- Barangay 15 (Pob.)
- Barangay 16 (Pob.)
- Barangay 17 (Pob.)
- Barangay 18 (Pob.)
- Barangay 19 (Pob.)
- Barangay 20 (Pob.)
- Barangay 21 (Pob.)
- Barangay 22 (Pob.)
- Barangay 23 (Pob.)
- Barangay 24 (Pob.)
- Barangay 25 (Pob.)
- Barangay 26 (Pob.)
- Barangay 27 (Pob.)
- Barangay 28 (Pob.)
- Barangay 29 (Pob.)
- Camp Downes
- Cogon Combado
- Don Felipe Larrazabal
- Don Potenciano Larrazabal
- Doña Feliza Z. Mejia
- Green Valley
- Labrador (Balion)
- Nueva Sociedad
- Nueva Vista
- Quezon, Jr.
- Rufina M. Tan
- Sabang Bao
- San Antonio
- San Isidro
- San Jose
- San Juan
- San Vicente
- Santo Niño
- San Pablo (Simangan)
- ^ "An act creating the municipality of Kananga in the province of Leyte". LawPH.com. http://lawph.com/statutes/ra542.html. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Ormoc City official website
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code for Ormoc City
- 2007 Philippine Census of Population
MunicipalitiesAbuyog • Alangalang • Albuera • Babatngon • Barugo • Bato • Burauen • Calubian • Capoocan • Carigara • Dagami • Dulag • Hilongos • Hindang • Inopacan • Isabel • Jaro • Javier • Julita • Kananga • La Paz • Leyte • MacArthur • Mahaplag • Matag-ob • Matalom • Mayorga • Merida • Palo • Palompon • Pastrana • San Isidro • San Miguel • Santa Fe • Tabango • Tabontabon • Tanauan • Tolosa • Tunga • Villaba Component cityBaybay Independent component cityOrmoc Highly urbanized city
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