Orders of magnitude (acceleration)
This page lists examples of the acceleration occurring in various situations. They are grouped by orders of magnitude.
Multiple Value [G] Item 100 1 m/s² 0 m/s² 0 G The gyro rotors in Gravity Probe B and the free-floating
proof masses in the TRIAD I navigation satellite
≈ 0 m/s² ≈ 0 G A ride in the Vomit Comet 1.62 m/s² 0.1654 G Standing on the Moon at its equator 9.82 m/s² 1 G Gravity acceleration on earth at sea level-standard. 101 1 deca
29 m/s² 3 G Sustainable for > 25 seconds, for a human. 49 m/s² 5 G Causes disorientation, dizziness and fainting in humans. 88 m/s² 9 G Maximum for a fit, trained individual with g-suit with kept consciousness (G-LOC) 11.2 m/s² 1.14 G Saturn V moon rocket just after launch 15.2 m/s² † 1.55 G† Bugatti Veyron from 0 to 100 km/h in 2.4 s 29 m/s² 3 G Space Shuttle, maximum during launch and reentry 34 – 62 m/s² 3.5 – 6.3 G High-g roller coasters:340 41 m/s² 4.2 G Top Fuel drag racing world record of 4.4 s over 1/4 mile 49+ m/s² 5+ g Formula One car, maximum under heavy braking 51 m/s² 5.2 G Luge, maximum expected at the Whistler Sliding Centre 49 – 59 m/s² 5 – 6 G Formula One car, peak lateral in turns  +69 / -49 m/s² +7 / -5 G Standard, full aerobatics certified glider 70.6 m/s² 7.19 G Apollo 16 on reentry 88 – 118 m/s² 9 – 12 G Typical max. turn in an aerobatic plane or fighter jet 102 1 hecto
177 m/s² 18 G Physcial damage in humans like broken capillaries. 454 m/s² 46.2 G Maximum for human on a rocket sled that is survived. > 491 m/s² > 50 G Death or serious injury likely 982 m/s² 100 G Sprint missile > 982 m/s² > 100 G Brief human exposure survived in crash 982 m/s² 100 G Deadly limit for most humans. Rocket sled “Gee Whiz” with 50% safety factor. 104 10 k (k m/s²) 17 680 m/s² 1800 G Space gun with a barrel length of 1 km and a muzzle velocity of 6 km/s,
as proposed by Quicklaunch (assuming constant acceleration)
>49 100 m/s² > 5000 G Shock capability of mechanical wrist watches 84 450 m/s² 8600 G Current formula one engines, maximum piston acceleration  105 100 k (k m/s²) 152 210 m/s² 15 500 G Rating of electronics built into military artillery shells 304 420 m/s² 31 000 G 9 × 19 Parabellum handgun bullet (average along the length of the barrel) 106 1 mega
1 865 800 m/s² 190 000 G 9 × 19 Parabellum handgun bullet, peak 109 1 giga
1.9×109 m/s² 1.9×108 G Mean acceleration of a proton in the Large Hadron Collider 1021 1 zetta
8.7×1021 m/s² 8.9×1020 G Acceleration from a Wakefield plasma accelerator
† Directed 40 degrees from horizontal.
- ^ Stanford University: Gravity Probe B, Payload & Spacecraft, and NASA: Investigation of Drag-Free Control Technology for Earth Science Constellation Missions. The TRIAD 1 satellite was a later, more advanced navigation satellite that was part of the U.S. Navy’s Transit, or NAVSAT system.
- ^ a b c d e f csel.eng.ohio-state.edu - High Acceleration and the Human Body, Martin Voshell, November 28, 2004
- ^ George Bibel. Beyond the Black Box: the Forensics of Airplane Crashes. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-8018-8631-7.
- ^ 6 g has been recorded in the 130R turn at Suzuka circuit, Japan.  Many turns have 5 g peak values, like turn 8 at Istanbul or Eau Rouge at Spa
- ^ NASA: Table 2: Apollo Manned Space Flight Reentry G Levels
- ^ “Several Indy car drivers have withstood impacts in excess of 100 G without serious injuries.” Dennis F. Shanahan, M.D., M.P.H.: ”Human Tolerance and Crash Survivability, citing Society of Automotive Engineers. Indy racecar crash analysis. Automotive Engineering International, June 1999, 87–90. And National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Recording Automotive Crash Event Data
- ^ answerbag.com - Whats the maximum number of g's (G Force) that a human can endure?
- ^ Omega , Ball Watch Technology
- ^ Cosworth V8 engine ; Up to 10,000 g before rev limits
- ^ "L-3 Communication's IEC Awarded Contract with Raytheon for Common Air Launched Navigation System". http://www.iechome.com/news/032003.htm.
- ^ Assuming a 8.04 gram bullet, a muzzle velocity of 350 metres per second (1,100 ft/s), and a 102 mm barrel.
- ^ Assuming a 8.04 gram bullet, a peak pressure of 240 MPa (35,000 psi) and 440 N of friction.
- ^ (7 TeV / (20 minutes * c))/proton mass
- ^ (42 GeV / 85 cm)/electron mass
Orders of magnitude Quantityacceleration · angular velocity · area · charge · computing · currency · data · density · energy · entropy · force · frequency · length · luminous flux · magnetic field · mass · numbers · power · pressure · radiation · resistance · specific energy density · specific heat capacity · speed · temperature · time · voltage · volume See alsoBook:Orders of magnitude · Category:Orders of magnitude · Portal:Science
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