Orange wine


Orange wine
Pinot gris, showing markedly different colorations.

Orange wine is wine made from white wine grape varieties that have spent some maceration time in contact with the grape skins. Typically white wine production involves crushing the grapes and quickly moving the juice off the skins into the fermentation vessel. The skins contain color pigment, phenols and tannins that are often considered undesirable for white wines while for red wines, skin contact and maceration is a vital part of the winemaking process that gives red wines its color, flavor and texture. Orange wines get their name from the darker, slightly orange tinge that the white wines receive due to their contact with the coloring pigments of the grape skins.[1][2]

This winemaking style is essentially the opposite of rosé production which involves getting red wine grapes quickly off their skins, leaving the wine with a slightly pinkish hue. However in the case of Pinot gris, among the more popular grapes to apply a skin-contact treatment that is neither red nor white, the diffuse nature of the term becomes illustrated, as both an orange wine and a rosé might achieve a similar expression of pink/orange/salmon-colored wine.[3]

The practice has a long history in winemaking dating back thousands of years to the Eurasian wine producing country of Georgia.[1][4] In recent years the practice has been adopted by Italian winemakers, initially in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine region,[5] while there is also production in, Slovenia, Croatia, France, Germany, New Zealand, and California.[4][6]

Orange wines were not uncommon in Italy in the 1950s and 1960s, but gradually became obscure as technically correct and fresh white wines came to dominate the market.[4][7]

References

  1. ^ a b Bonné, Jon, San Francisco Chronicle (October 11, 2009). Soaking white grapes in skins is orange crush
  2. ^ Asimov, Eric, The New York Times: The Pour (October 8, 2009). Orange Wine Edges Toward the Mainstream, Slightly
  3. ^ Bonné, Jon, San Francisco Chronicle: The Cellarist (October 13, 2009). When is a wine orange?
  4. ^ a b c Vinforum (June 29, 2010). Vinforum tester orangeviner (Norwegian)
  5. ^ Bonné, Jon, San Francisco Chronicle: Inside Scoop SF (June 15, 2010). Shedding light on orange wine
  6. ^ Asimov, Eric, The New York Times: The Pour (August 3, 2009). Orange Wines
  7. ^ Dalheim, Ulf, Adresseavisen (September 4, 2009). Ikke på ville veier (Norwegian)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • orange wine — noun : a wine variously made by fermenting orange juice or orange peel …   Useful english dictionary

  • Orange, New South Wales — Orange New South Wales The main street of Orange, Summer Street, as viewed from the vicinity of McNamara Street looking west in May 2008 …   Wikipedia

  • Wine color — Judging color is the first step in tasting a wine The color of wine is one of the most easily recognizable characteristics of wines. Color is also an element in wine tasting since heavy wines generally have a deeper color. The accessory… …   Wikipedia

  • Wine — Pantalla de configuración de Wine …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wine lactone — is a pleasant smelling compound found naturally in apples, orange juice, grapefruit juice, orange essential oil, clementine peel oil and various grape wines.External links* [http://www.leffingwell.com/chirality/winelactone.htm Leffingwell… …   Wikipedia

  • Wine Doors — ? …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wine Country (Californie) — Wine Country (en français « pays du vin ») est une région située en Californie du Nord, aux États Unis, réputée pour sa production de vin depuis le XIXe siècle. L essor de la viticulture et du vin est lié d abord à l influence… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orange production in Brazil — is responsible for a 59% share of the world market (2005). In 2004 Brazil produced 1.4 million tonnes of oranges annually, compared to 709,000 tonnes in the United States. Brazil is the world s largest producer of Orange juice. The Brazil… …   Wikipedia

  • Wine — This article is about the beverage. For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Wine cocktail — A wine cocktail is a mixed drink, similar to a true cocktail. It is made predominantly with wine (including Champagne and Prosecco), into which distilled alcohol or other drink mixer is combined. The distinction between a wine cocktail and a… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.