Opening Skinner's Box: Great Psychology Experiments of the Twentieth Century
Opening Skinner's Box: Great Psychological Experiments of the Twentieth Century, is a book by Lauren Slater.
In this book Slater sets out in a time machine to travel back in time and investigate the twentieth century through a series of fascinating, witty and sometimes shocking accounts of its key psychological experiments. Beginning with the behaviourist B. F. Skinner, she describes his work with animals in the 1930s, in which he demonstrated the power of rewards and reinforcements to shape behaviour, and probes the truth behind the legend of the child raised in a box.
- The work and experiments of B F Skinner
- Stanley Milgram's controversial 1950s experiment designed to explain obedience to authority to a post-Holocaust world.
- David Rosenhan's disturbing 1970s experiment that questioned the validity of psychiatric diagnosis itself.
- Darley and Latane's helping behavior studies
- Leon Festinger's theory of Cognitive dissonance among cult members whose apocalypse fails to arrive
- Rat Park, a study into drug addiction conducted in the late 1970s, by Canadian psychologist Bruce K. Alexander, that aimed to show that drugs do not cause addiction, and that the apparent addiction to opiate drugs commonly observed in laboratory rats exposed to it is attributable to their living conditions, and not to any addictive property of the drug itself.
- The Misinformation effect discovered by Elizabeth Loftus which has given rise to the Lost in the mall technique.
- Harry Harlow, an American psychologist best known for his maternal-separation and social isolation experiments on rhesus monkeys, which demonstrated the importance of care-giving and companionship in social and cognitive development.
- António Egas Moniz and his development of lobotomy.
- Eric Kandel who discovered that CREB was identified as being a protein involved in long-term memory storage. One result of CREB activation is an increase in the number of synaptic connections. Thus, short-term memory had been linked to functional changes in existing synapses, while long-term memory was associated with a change in the number of synaptic connections.
B F Skinner's daughter Deborah criticised the book stating she was not a lab rat in an article for the Guardian 
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
B. F. Skinner — Burrhus Frederic Skinner Born March 20, 1904(1904 03 20) Susquehanna, Pennsyl … Wikipedia
Lauren Slater — (born March 21, 1963) is an American psychologist and writer. She is the author of six books, including Welcome To My Country (1996), Prozac Diary (1998), and Lying: A Metaphorical Memoir (2000). Her 2004 Opening Skinner s Box: Great… … Wikipedia
Rosenhan experiment — St. Elizabeths psychiatric hospital, Washington, D.C., one of the sites of the Rosenhan experiment. The Rosenhan experiment was a famous experiment into the validity of psychiatric diagnosis conducted by psychologist David Rosenhan in 19 … Wikipedia
Pit of despair — For the pit of despair plot device, see The Princess Bride. Harlow s vertical chamber apparatus The pit of despair was a name used by American comparative psychologist Harry Harlow for a device he designed, technically called a vertical chamber… … Wikipedia
Rosenhan-Experiment — Das Rosenhan Experiment war eine Untersuchung zur Zuverlässigkeit von psychiatrischen Diagnosen, die zwischen 1968 und 1972 von David Rosenhan durchgeführt und 1973 unter dem Titel On Being Sane in Insane Places im Science Magazin… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Expérience de Rosenhan — Ne doit pas être confondu avec Expérience de Rosenthal. En psychologie, l expérience de Rosenhan est une expérience renommée sur la validité du diagnostic psychiatrique, menée par le psychologue David Rosenhan en 1973. Son étude a été… … Wikipédia en Français
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
Modern history — Modern and Modern Age redirect here. For other uses, see Modern (disambiguation) and Modern Age (disambiguation). Human history This box: view · talk · … Wikipedia
theatre — /thee euh teuhr, theeeu /, n. theater. * * * I Building or space in which performances are given before an audience. It contains an auditorium and stage. In ancient Greece, where Western theatre began (5th century BC), theatres were constructed… … Universalium